Articles on this Page
- 05/23/14--05:25: _Aleksa Lundberg (19...
- 05/26/14--05:45: _Barbara Diop (198? ...
- 05/29/14--05:52: _Michelle De Ville (...
- 06/01/14--05:22: _Sandra Day (1939 – ...
- 06/04/14--06:01: _Trans Activism in C...
- 06/07/14--19:44: _Sabrina Petra Ramet...
- 06/11/14--04:13: _Yasmin Lee (1983 - ...
- 06/14/14--07:12: _Amy Weston (1988 - ...
- 06/17/14--07:10: _26 trans Latinas in...
- 06/20/14--04:30: _Anette Egelund (195...
- 06/23/14--05:18: _Orlaith O'Sullivan ...
- 06/26/14--07:30: _Carlett A. Brown (1...
- 06/28/14--18:18: _WorldPride in Toron...
- 06/30/14--05:17: _Anna Kristjánsdótti...
- 07/02/14--06:05: _26 trans persons in...
- 07/05/14--05:58: _Nicole Dolder (195?...
- 07/08/14--12:54: _Harry Sidney Foy (1...
- 07/11/14--06:03: _Paris Green (1991 -...
- 07/13/14--21:07: _Paula Nielsen (1938...
- 07/16/14--14:09: _Petra De Sutter (19...
- 05/23/14--05:25: Aleksa Lundberg (1981 - ) actress, activist.
- Ann Tornkvist. "Aleksa Lundberg, Swedish Transgender Actress, Mourns Forced Sterilization". Huffington Post, 11/02/11. www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/11/02/transgender-forced-sterilization_n_1071328.html.
- "Sterilized transsexuals sue Swedish government". The Local: Sweden's News in English, 24 Jun 2013. www.thelocal.se/20130624/48664.
- Karin Thunberg. ”Vår sexualitet väljer inte kvinnor eller män”. SvD Kultur, 13 April 2014. www.svd.se/kultur/var-sexualitet-valjer-inte-kvinnor-eller-man_3457714.svd.
- 05/26/14--05:45: Barbara Diop (198? - ) model.
- Gustav Thiel. "Transsexual model led Zim team at opening". IOL Sport, February 24 2003. www.iol.co.za/sport/transsexual-model-led-zim-team-at-opening-1.523347#.UsfTRfJtwWc.
- 05/29/14--05:52: Michelle De Ville (1958–) performer, habilleuse.
- Interview with Michelle de Ville. Fuzzbox, 1990. np.
- Ki Namaste. "'Tragic Misreadings': Queer Theory's Erasure of Transgender Subjectivity". In Michele Eliason & Jim Cullen (eds). Queer Studies: A Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual & Transgender Anthology. New York: New York University Press, 1996: 186.
- Viviane K. Namaste. Invisible Lives: The Erasure of Transsexual and Transgendered People. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000: 10-11.
- Viviane K. Namaste. C'était du spectacle!: l'histoire des artistes transsexuelles à Montréal, 1955-1985. Montréal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2005: xii.
- Viviane K Namaste. Sex Change, Social Change Reflections on Identity, Institutions, and Imperialism. Toronto: Women's Press, 2005: 210.
- Michelle De Ville interviewed by Viviane Namaste. "'We Paved the Way for Whatever Tolerance They Have in Their Lives': An Interview with Michelle De Ville, 'The First Door Bitch in Montreal'". In Dan Irving & Rupert Raj (eds). Trans Activism in Canada: A Reader. Women's Press, 2014.
- 06/01/14--05:22: Sandra Day (1939 – 2010) bookseller, performer.
- Thomas Aagaard.Skovmand. Sandra Day: fra bondeknøs til piskedronning. [København]: Verdens Mindste Forlag, 2007.
- Ole Jakobsen Huld. "71-årig transseksuel udgiver debutalbum". Kultur, 18.Aug.2010. www.dr.dk/Nyheder/Kultur/2010/08/18/152332.htm.
- "Sandra Day er død". Panbladet, 15.december 2010. http://panbladet.dk/2010/12/15/sandra-day-er-d%C3%B8d.
- 06/04/14--06:01: Trans Activism in Canada – a review
Dan Irving & Rupert Raj (eds). Trans Activism in Canada: A Reader. Canadian Scholar's Press, 2014. $69.95.
- 06/07/14--19:44: Sabrina Petra Ramet (1949 - ) Professor of Political Science.
- Sabrina Ramet. Rocking the State: Rock Music and Politics in Eastern Europe and Russia. Boulder: Westview Press, 1994.
- Sabrina P. Ramet (ed). Gender Reversals and Gender Cultures: Anthropological and Historical Perspectives. London: Routledge, 1996.
- Sabrina P. Ramet. Eastern Christianity and Politics in the Twentieth Century. Christianity under stress, 1. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1988.
- Sabrina P. Ramet and Gordana P. Crnković. Kazaaam! Splat! Ploof!: The American Impact on European Popular Culture Since 1945. Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield, 2003.
- Sabrina P. Ramet. Thinking About Yugoslavia: Scholarly Debates About the Yugoslav Breakup and the Wars in Bosnia and Kosovo. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
- 06/11/14--04:13: Yasmin Lee (1983 - ) actress. activist.
- "Yasmin Lee: Porno Queen Turned Hollywood Wet Dream". Trannies on Top: Star 5. Bizarre Magazine, 7, April 2011. Online at: http://yasminleeblog.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/bizarre7.jpg.
- 06/14/14--07:12: Amy Weston (1988 - ) astronomer
- Alias Weiss. "Amy Weston '10 Chases Her Star". Colby, July 22, 2010. www.colby.edu/colby.mag/issues/54/article/1152/amy-weston-10-chases-her-star.
- Clarabelle (18?? - ) queen mother of Los Angeles' Bunker Hill. GVWW
- Geraldine Portica (189? - ?) from Mexico, chamber maid. GVWW
- Schlitze (1901 – 1971) from Mexico, carnie pinhead, film actor. GVWW
- José Sarria (1922 -2013) of Colombian/Nicaraguan descent, caterer, performer, activist, founder of Imperial Court System. GVWWEN.WIKIPEDIA
- Susanna Valenti (192? - ?) translator, broadcaster, femmiphilic activist. GVWW
- Victoria Fenández (Vicki Starr) (1932 – ) from Puerto Rico, performer, archivist. GVWW
- René Rivera (Mario Montez) (1935 – 2013) from Puerto Rico, actor in New York avant-garde films. GVWWEN.WIKIPEDIA
- Nicole Murray Ramirez (194? - ) activist, Empress in Imperial Court System. GVWW
- Christina Hayworth (194? - ) from Puerto Rico, soldier, Stonewall veteran, activist. GWVV
- Holly Woodlawn (1946 - ) from Puerto Rico, actress, Warhol Superstar. EN.WIKIPEDIA
- Sylvia Rae Rivera (1951 – 2002) of Puerto Rican/Venezuelan descent, Stonewall veteran, activist. GVWWEN.WIKIPEDIA
- Lisa Carmelle (195? - ) from Puerto Rico, featured in Born a Man … Let Me Die a Woman.IMDB
- Adela Vasquez (1958 - ) from Cuba, sex worker, performer. GVWW
- Catira Reyes (Lady Catira) (1959 - 1999) from Puerto Rico, performer, pageant winner. EN.WIKIPEDIA
- Ricardo (196? - 1995) from Cuba, sex worker, evangelist. GVWW
- Sophia Lamar (196? - ) from Cuba, performer, model. GVWW
- Angie Xtravaganza (1966 – 1993) Puerto Rican mother, sex worker, voguing star. GVWWEN.WIKIPEDIA
- Amara Vadillo (Sylvia Boots) (197? - ) from Cuba, porn star, convicted of murder. GVWW
- Alexandra Reyes (1978 - ) Mayan, abused by family, finally accepted by US immigration. NewsArticle
- Claudia Charriez (1982 - ) of Spanish descent, model. GVWW
- Carmen Carrera (1985 - ) of Puerto-Rican-Peruvian descent, RuPaul Drag Race alumna, model. EN.WIKIPEDIA
- Gwen Araujo (1985 – 2002) murdered teenager. EN.WIKIPEDIA
- Allanah Starr (198? - ) from Cuba, performer, porn star. GVWWEN.WIKIPEDIA
- Gia Darling (198? - ) from Guatemala, porn star. GVWWEN.WIKIPEDIA
- Bamby Salcedo (19?? - ) Los Angeles trans and HIV activist, featured in film TransVisible. GLAAD
- Harmony Santana (199? - ) of Puerto-Rican and Dominican heritage. Starred in film Gun Hill Road. EN.WIKIPEDIA
- 06/20/14--04:30: Anette Egelund (1956 - ) sailor, politician.
- Signe Rugholt Carlsen. "Kandidaten, der skiftede køn". Information, 19 oktober 2009. www.information.dk/207312.
- 06/23/14--05:18: Orlaith O'Sullivan (197? - ) writer, editor
- Orlaith O'Sullivan (ed). The Bible as Book (3 volumes). British Library, 2000-3.
- Orlaith O'Sullivan. "Five years is a long time". Human Rights in Ireland, Oct 19, 2012. http://humanrights.ie/civil-liberties/osullivan-five-years-is-a-long-time.
- Orlaith O'Sullivan (ed). Touching the Surface: Trans Voices in Ireland. TENI, 2012.
- Orlaith O'Sullivan. "The Bottle". In Adam Henry Carriere (ed) Hauptfriedhof: Danse Macabre Antholog-E, Kindle, 2013. Online at: http://dmdujour.wordpress.com/2010/03/17/orlaith-osullivan-the-bottle.
- Orlaith O'Sullivan (ed). Equality & Identity: Trans and Intersex Experience in Ireland. TENI, 2013.
- 06/26/14--07:30: Carlett A. Brown (1927–) sailor, performer, cook
- "Male Shake Dancer Plans to Change Sex, Wed GI in Europe."Jet Magazine, June 18, 1953: 24-5.
- "Male Dancer Becomes Danish Citizen to Change his Sex."Jet Magazine, June 25, 1953.
- "Jail Male Shake Dancer for Posing as a Woman in Boston."Jet Magazine, July 9, 1953.
- "Shake Dancer Postpones Sex Change For Face Lifting". Jet Magazine, August 6, 1953.
- "Tax Snag Halts Male Dancer's Trip for Sex Change."Jet Magazine, October 15, 1953.
- Joanne Meyerowitz. How Sex Changed: A History of Transsexuality in the United States. Harvard University Press,. 2002: 86.
- Corey. "Who is Carlett (Charles) Brown and what is she to you?". I'll keep you posted, November 19, 2009. http://illkeepyouposted.typepad.com/ill_keep_you_posted/2009/11/whatever-happened-to-carlett-brown-aka-charles-brown.html.
- Glenda Elizabeth Sherouse. The Politics of Homosexuality In the Twentieth Century Black Freedom Struggle. University of South Carolina PhD Thesis, 2013: 99.
- Katie Bruno. "Carlett Brown: The Extreme Marginalization of Transwomen of Color". OutHistory. www.outhistory.org/exhibits/show/tgi-bios/carlett-brown.
- 06/28/14--18:18: WorldPride in Toronto, Trans March 27/06/14
- 06/30/14--05:17: Anna Kristjánsdóttir (1952 - ) marine engineer, activist
- Sarah Pepin. "Being Transgender in Iceland". Grapevine, May 24, 2012. http://grapevine.is/mag/articles/2012/05/24/being-transgender-in-iceland.
- There is a rumour that a Sergeant in the UK Army, part of the occupation forces in Hamburg in 1945, was permitted to travel to Denmark to become a woman. GVWW
- Christine Jorgensen (1926 – 1989) US citizen of Danish descent, had her first operation in Denmark. EN.WIKIPEDIA Vidensbanken om kønsidentitet.
- Charlotte Mcleod (1926 - ?) also from the US who arrived in Denmark after Parliament had restricted sex-change surgeries to Danish nationals, but after being butchered by a back-street surgeon, proper Danish doctors finished the job properly. GVWW Vidensbanken om kønsidentitet.
- Carlett A. Brown (193? - ?) US sailor, performer who renounced US citizenship to get Danish citizenship, and perhaps the operation. GVWW
- Armistead Maupin wrote that his character Anna Madrigal had surgery in Denmark in 1964 – which is just bad research. GVA.
- Brenda Lana Smith, a long-time resident of Bermuda where she was the Honorary Danish Consul. GVWW
- Christian Hamburger (1904 – 1992) Christine Jorgensen's endocrinologist in Denmark. Vidensbanken om kønsidentitet. There is no Wikipedia page on him, not even in the Danish Wikipedia.
- Jan Wålinder (1931 - ) pioneering Swedish psychiatrist whose work with transsexuals is unfortunately forgotten. Author of Transsexualism: A Study of 43 Cases. There is no Wikipedia page on him, not even in the Swedish Wikipedia.
- Thorkil Sørensen. Danish Professor, MD and psychiatric consultant at Odense University Hospital, author of Det transsexuelle syndrom: afgrænsning og behandling, 1984. Vidensbanken om kønsidentitet.
- Christina Vasa (1626 – 1689) Queen of Swedes, Goths & Vandals 1632-54, abdicated, converted to Catholicism, and moved to Rome. EN.WIKIPEDIA
- Caroline Matilda Oldenburg (1751 – 1775) Queen of Denmark and Norway. GVWW
- Lars Larsson Molin (1785 – 1845) Swedish thief and chef. GVWW SV.WIKIPEDIA
- ?Lind? (1877 – 1940) Swede who toured the world as a female impersonator. EN.WIKIPEDIA
- Bothwell Browne (1877 – 1947) Danish female impersonator who found fame in San Francisco and New York. EN.WIKIPEDIA
- Alberta Neilsen. Legal gender change in 1924 supported by certificate from German specialist that she was intersex. Vidensbanken om kønsidentitet.
- Lili Elbe (1882 – 1931) painter, second (but better known) surgical transsexual at Hirschfeld's Institute, died of complications from surgery. EN.WIKIPEDIA Vidensbanken om kønsidentitet.
- Eila Neergard (1930 - ) Danish engineer, twice married and father of 3 who transitioned at age 71 with surgery in Thailand. Vidensbanken om kønsidentitet.
- Annette Hall (193? - ?) Swedish founder of FPE-Northern Europe in 1966.
- Sandra Day (1939 – 2010) Danish bookseller, stripper, actress, singer. GVWW DA.WIKIPEDIA
- Sabrina Ramet (194? - ) Trondheim professor of eastern European studies, member of Norwegian Academy of Sciences. GVWW DE.WIKIPEDIA
- Esther Pirelli (1949 - ) Norwegian doctor, sexologist. GVWW NO.WIKIPEDIA
- Anna Kristjánsdóttir (1952 - ) Icelandic marine engineer, transitioned in Sweden in 1995, active in TGEU, co-founder of Trans-Iceland. GVWW.
- Marja-Sisko Aalto (1954 - ) Finnish Lutheran vicar. EN.WIKIPEDIA
- Aase Schibsted Knudsen (1954 - ) Lillehammer professor of film and television. NO.WIKIPEDIA
- Anette Egelund (1956 - ) Danish sailor, politician. GVWW DA.WIKIPEDIA
- Cris Owen (1960 - ) Finish musician. GVWW FI.WIKIPEDIA.
- Cecillia Mundt (1965 - ) Danish poet, hate crime victim. Vidensbanken om kønsidentitet.
- Aleksa Lungberg (1981 - ) Swedish actress. GVWW.
- Maria Sundin. Swedish archivist, TGEU board member and chair. TGEU QX.
- Viktor (1985 - ) born male in Ecuador, adopted and raised female in Norway, changed back after 16. CrossDreamers
- Tone Maria Hansen. On board of Harry Benjamin Ressurssenter
- Fernanda Milan. From Guatemala, first trans person granted asylum in Denmark. NewsArticle.
- Tina Thranesen (1948 - ) Danish trans historian, activist. DA.WIKIPEDIA Vidensbanken om kønsidentitet
- Jack Molay. Norwegian who developed the concept of Crossdreamer. Crossdreamers.
- Mianne Bagger(1966 - ) Danish golfer in Australia. 1st open trans woman allowed in female tournament. EN.WIKIPEDIA
- 07/05/14--05:58: Nicole Dolder (195?–) software engineer, actor, director.
- 07/08/14--12:54: Harry Sidney Foy (1901 – 1942) barman, female impersonator.
Daily Telegraph (Sydney), 25 Dec 1942: 5.
Truth (Sydney), 3 Jan 1943: 7.
Sunday Telegraph (Sydney), 3 Jan 1943:18 .
- Garry C. Wotherspoon. 'Foy, Harry Sidney (1901 - 1942)'. Australian Dictionary of Biography, Supplementary Volume. Melbourne University Press, 2005, p. 134. http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/foy-harry-sidney-12926.
- 07/11/14--06:03: Paris Green (1991 - ) convicted of murder
- Charlene Wilson. "Three people charged with Glenrothes murder". The Courier, 29 March 2013. www.thecourier.co.uk/news/local/fife/three-people-charged-with-glenrothes-murder-1.80429.
- "Three people sentenced to life for 'wicked' murder of man at party". STV News, 8 November 2013. http://news.stv.tv/east-central/247698-three-people-killed-robert-shankland-after-inviting-him-to-party.
- Daniel Miller "Murderer who killed a man following a row over a bag of chips will serve his life sentence in a women's prison after arranging taxpayer-funded sex change". The Daily Mail, 9 November 2013. www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2494991/Murderer-born-man-sentenced-life-womens-prison-arranging-sex-change-taxpayers-money.html.
- Aileen Robertson. "‘A male should be in a male prison’ — victim’s family say murderer Paris Green is being ‘rewarded’". The Courier, 12 November 2013. www.thecourier.co.uk/news/local/fife/a-male-should-be-in-a-male-prison-victim-s-family-say-murderer-paris-green-is-being-rewarded-1.152307.
- Damien Gayle. "Male transgender prisoner guilty of brutal murder is moved from women's jail 'because he kept having sex with female inmates' while waiting for sex-change op funded by UK taxpayer". The Daily Mail, 17 December 2013. www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2525441/Transgender-murderer-Paris-Green-moved-womens-prison-sex-inmates.html.
- 07/13/14--21:07: Paula Nielsen (1938 - ) secretary, evangelist, performer,
- Paula Nielsen. The Trans-Evangelist:
The Life and Times of A Transgender Pentecostal Preacher. CreateSpace, 2012.
- Nancy Haught. "Sister Paula Nielsen, Portland's transgender Christian evangelist, tells all". The Oregonian, June 12, 2013. www.oregonlive.com/living/index.ssf/2013/06/sister_paula_nielsen_portlands.html.
- 07/16/14--14:09: Petra De Sutter (1963 - ) gynaecologist, academic, senator
- Petra De Sutter. "Reproduction and Fertility Issues for Transpeople". In Randi Ettner, Stan Monstrey & Evan Eyler (eds) Principles of transgender medicine and surgery. Routledge, 2007.
- "Petra De Sutter is eerste transgender op kieslijst". Nieuwsblad, 01 maart 2014. www.nieuwsblad.be/article/detail.aspx?articleid=DMF20140228_01004504.
- Marij Vanherie. "Groen stuurt Petra De Sutter als gecoöpteerd senator naar het rode pluche. De arts-gynaecologe van het UZ Gent greep naast een zitje in het Europees Parlement, maar wordt -na het afhaken van Freya Piryns- door de partij opgevist.". De Redactie, 21/06/2014. http://deredactie.be/cm/vrtnieuws/VK14-formatie/140621-desutter-groen.
- "Belgium: First transgender parliamentarian appointed to Senate". Pink News, 14/07/2014. http://www.pinknews.co.uk/2014/07/14/belgium-first-transgender-parliamentarian-appointed-to-senate.
Lundberg, at the age of 15, was able to start an acting acting career with a recurring small male part in the Swedish television series, Kenny Starfighter. Three years later she started transition, which was completed in 2002. In 2003 she was the television miniseries, Veganspöket Lisa, but uncredited.
After 13 attempts she was accepted in 2006 to study drama at Teaterhögskolan, Göteborg. As she grew older she came to resent that Swedish law had prohibited her from freezing sperm before transition, and therefore from having children. She stopped hiding that she had been born male, and launched a one-women show, Infestus, which told of her life as a boy, her transition, and life as a grown woman. She played this all over Sweden to acclaim.
In 2009 she graduated in drama, the first known trans person to do so in Sweden. However she found that she was not able to obtain work with any of the institutional theatres.
By 2010, apart from the Christian Democrats, the main political parties supported repeal of the 1972 law which prohibited transsexuals from having children after surgery. In 2011 Aleksa played in a stage version of Ingmar Bergman's Hour of the Wolf.
The sterilisation requirement was removed in 2013. Aleksa, and another 141 other transsexuals claimed damages of 300.000 kronor each, but received neither damages nor an apology.
In 2014 she was cast in Jean Genet's The Maids, but after a few weeks of rehearsal realized that she could not play the transgender implications of the play. Then, in three days, she wrote Maids! The transgender version and premiered it at Stockholm's Theatre Three.
Genet’s The Maids need not be cast for male or trans actors. The 1974 film version featured Glenda Jackson and Susannah York as the maids, and the 2013 Sydney Theatre Company version starred Cate Blanchette and Isabelle Huppert.
In more than one interview Aleksa insists that she will never reveal her boy name. Either she is one of very few actors who never consult their IMDB page, or she needs to explain that the claimed birthname there was but a temporary nomd'étage.
Barbara Diop from Dakar, Senegal was able to obtain some modelling work in Milan in 2001, and appeared in Vogue Italia.
During the contest word went around about Barbara's gender history, and presumably caused consternation in Harare given the public homophobia of Mugabe's government. However Zimbabwe were able to advance to the Super Sixes (quarter finals) after they were awarded a technical win over England who refused to play against them.
19-year-old De Ville first met transsexuals in a Montréal gay bar. They were dressed as men but had obviously started on hormones. This led to a discovery of the bars that catered to transvestites and transsexuals: PJ's for English speakers and Café Cléopâtre further east for French speakers.
De Ville completed education in 1979 with a diploma from the CEGEP St Laurent in Sciences humaines.
Michelle was often found in Montréal's bars and nightclubs. Many times she was given a hard time in gay bars, or ejected, for being too feminine. She was much more accepted in disco and then New Wave clubs through the 1980s. She got to know a club owner, and became first a waitress, and then a 'door-bitch' deciding who got into the club. She did drag shows at PJ's and Cléopâtre's, starting with an impersonation of Brigitte Bardot.
This led to some small parts in movies shot in Montréal. The most significant were Or D'ur, Amour impossible and Evixion, each directed by Bashar Shbib. For Amour impossible, she introduced the film at gay film festivals across Canada and in New York. She was also in The Surrogate, 1984, a mainstream Canadina film where the major trans role went to professional impersonator Jim Bailey.
In 1989 she was working with Comité Sida Aide Montréal, but was concerned in that HIV+ trans women were being referred to by male pronouns. Although not HIV+ herself, she started a group specifically for HIV+ trans women.
"In my book, the trans community should be within the gay community, we should be a whole, that's what we say about LGBT rights. We're supposed to stick together, but the reality is totally different."In 1990 she was interviewed in Fuzzbox magazine on how queens/ transsexuals had not been allowed in some gay bars even those with a drag show.
In 1994 Michelle was gratuitously insulted by two police officers. She made an official complaint, handicapped by the fact that the officers had hidden their name tags, which resulted in her being hassled by police for six days until she was stopped with her lawyer in the passenger seat. When the case finally came to court, a year later, the police insisted that their was no way to know which police officers were in which car.
Viviane Namaste`s 2005 C'était du spectacle! drew partially on Michelle`s personal archives.
Michelle makes a living selling and renting period clothing, and also books and records.
IMDB LinkedIn AmazonReviewer
There is a pattern whereby academics who write about trans people have a favourite person whom they mention again and again. For Vern Bullough it was Virginia Prince. For Richard Ekins it was Phaedra Kelly. And for Viviane Namaste it is Michelle De Ville.
Namaste 1996, 2000, 2005 returned and returned to the 1990 Fuzzbox interview where Michelle spoke of herself and others being hassled as trans women in gay bars. This is hardly straighforward. Are trans women a type of women or a type of gay or both? Should trans women want to go where cis women are not allowed? I, also, in the 1970s and 1980s, when I was less confident of passing, would go to gay bars in Toronto where it did not matter if I were read. Fortunately, I never had such bad experiences as Michelle talks about. The fact that the same bars that did not welcome women (trans or cis) also had drag shows is not very germane as a trans issue. Women who go into bars offering striptease or pole dancing are unlikely to be treated the same as the male customers. The issue is more a feminist one of what attitude to take to men in gender segregation where women`s bodies and images are commodified.
The section on Michelle's films in the 2014 interview needed some fact checking. Namaste spelt Evixion as Eviction, and Michelle named The Surrogate as Blind Rage (presumably a working title, but not the release title).
You may care to browse Michelle`s Amazon Reviews. Her dismissal of Benjamin`s Transsexual Phenomon as 'dinosaur' and 'dangerous' and her dismissal of the film Different for Girls as 'both irresponsible and offensive' sets her apart. She is also a big fan of Jayne Mansfield.
After a childhood in Ebeltoft, Jutland, and training as a bookseller in Copenhagen, Sandra Day transitioned in 1969, and has since performed in Copenhagen nightclubs as a stripper and whip queen, and also as a singer and actress.
Sandra was cast as a transvestite in the 1978 film, Lille Spejl, and was featured in the 2004 television documentary Danmarks Marquis: Marcel de Sade.
In the last year of her life she recorded an album: Sing – don't cry.
However 'activism/activist' is never defined except by naming exemplars. The core concept is, of course, persons who agitate on behalf of trans men and women, who organise groups and campaign for law reform etc. But activism is also implicit in trans persons who become prominent in other fields and are quite open about being trans. Some examples are Synthia Kavanagh, convicted murderer, who agitated through the Human Rights system so that first herself and then other prisoners were able to obtain transgender surgery (unfortunately now terminated by the Harper government); Carys Massarella, prominent physician in Hamilton, openly trans and lead physician in the city's transgender care program; Michelle Duff, motorcycle racer, winner of 1964 Belgian Grand Prix, who still makes appearances at Canadian and international motorcycle events and so makes the rather macho world of motorcycles more trans friendly; Michelle Josef, drummer with Prairie Oyster, Detroit Symphony Orchestra and other bands, who sued the Ontario government to re-instate funding for transgender surgery. None of these persons are considered worthy of even a passing mention by any of the authors in this book.
So while inmates, physicians, sports stars and musicians are not regarded as activists even when their activities have resulted in benefits for the community, the book does include the work of academics, even when they do not have similar claims. With this in mind it is instructive to peruse the Contributor Biographies at the end of the book. Most of the non-academics use one wording or another to say that they are transsexual, two-spirit, intersex, had transitioned, had surgery etc. When we look at the academics, they have written books, and hold positions in institutions. What they do not mention is whether they are trans. Some of us know from elsewhere that some of them actually are, but not from this book. A more descriptive title of the book would be Trans Academics and Activism in Canada. There is even a tendency for activists to turn into academics. We first meet Treanor Mahood-Greer in Chapter 8 where he was an activist who had previously been a butch woman working with men in the bush. He returns in Chapter 18 with a paper based on his Masters of Social Work thesis.
When I reviewed Crossing Sexual Boundaries by Ariadne Kane and Vern Bullough, I was critical of it for excluding immigrants, the working class, sex workers and particularly androphiles. No such criticism could be raised re Trans Activism in Canada. Each of Canada's major demographic groups are represented: First Nations and Métis, descendants from French colonists, descendants from English colonists, recent immigrants. There are affluent and impoverished and all sexual orientations. Unusually for trans anthologies, but obviously given who the two editors are, there is a strong male presence.
It seems a bit unbalanced that three chapters in the book are attributed to Vivian Namaste. The Afterword and two interviews: with Michell De Ville (who always appears in Namaste's books, just as Virginia Prince appeared in Vern Bullough's books) and Marie-Marcelle Godbout. Both interviews, well worth reading, document performance/activist lives in Montréal across the decades, and Namaste manages to keep her usual Foucaultianisms out of the way. However why are De Ville and Godbout not listed in the Contributor Biographies section at the end of the book? (Unlike Chapter 8 where Grey Muldoon and his interviewer are both listed as contributors). When I wrote about Dianna Boileau (not mentioned in this book), the first trans patient at the Clarke Institute and the first Canadian transsexual autobiography, I repeated the rumour that there had been transgender surgery in Montréal at about the same time, 1969. Marie-Marcelle Godbout knew the woman in question and tells us what happened to her.
Jamie Lee Hamilton is of course possibly the trans and whore activist with the best track record not only in Canada, but world-wide. She has organized, run for many offices, and almost alone agitated to get the police to pay attention to the serial killings now attributed to Robert Picton (although the Wikipedia article on Picton denies her the credit that she very much deserves). Her account of her life and work is worth reading again, even though most of it was included in a profile of her in the June 2010 issue of The Walrus. It is unfortunate that there is no explanation of why the 2005 biography of her by Barbara Daniel has completely disappeared.
Since Rupert Raj's Wikipedia page was removed, the only account of his life on the web is the one by me. Nick Matte's "Rupert Raj and the Rise of Transsexual Consumer Activism in the 1980s" could at first reading be an account of a different person – especially as he omits my account of Rupert from his bibliography. It is a compliment to Rupert that different accounts are possible. Matte concentrates on Rupert's Metamorphosis Medical Research Foundation and its publication, and says almost nothing about the Foundation for the Advancement of Canadian Transsexuals (FACT). He has a passing kind word for Susan Huxford, but doesn't bother to mention how she damaged FACT and reduced Gender Review, which was well worth reading when Rupert edited it, to little more than a diary of her own activities. Matte highlights two reviews published in the Metamorphosis newsletter. The first by D.Hudson (whom he fails to identify as the last chairperson of FACT-Toronto) was of Gender Dysphoria, 1985 by the team at the Clark Institute of Psychiatry. Matte says: "the review validated and recognized many trans people's frustrations with the gender clinic research model as being out of touch with their realities, as well as their efforts to negotiate the world as trans people". However both Hudson and Matte fail to mention that this book lays out the Autogynephilia model – the full perniciousness of which was not realized until later. The second review was by Lou Sullivan of Lothsteins's Female-to-Male Transsexualism, which insisted that trans men were lesbians in denial. Sullivan rightly castigated this as 'dangerous and regressive'.
Elizabeth James' is an inspiring story of descent into heroin and bank robbery, but after prison she embraced her two-spirit heritage and turned her life around.
Sandy Laframboise is another positive model whose rise from whore to social worker is inspiring. And as with Marie-Marcelle Godbout there is a second story of a trans colleague of Sandy's that should be told but is quickly summarized in a footnote.
One of the most inspiring chapters is Grey Muldoon's. In 2009 he hitch-hiked around northern Ontario and visited seven trans activists in Sudbury, North Bay, Thunder Bay, Sault Ste Marie. Life there is necessarily different from that in the big cities in the south of the province, and has its own experiences of gender non-conformity. A particular example is Wendy who does travel to Toronto for appointments with the CAMH Gender Clinic. However she explains that CAMH 'have no clue about the North'. They press her to have long hair, and wear skirts and makeup, but none of the cis women that she knows do those things. She rightly insists on presenting as a woman on local terms.
Trish Salah's chapter is a case study of how a trade union (Canadian Union of Public Employees – CUPE) can accept non-discrimination against trans persons as part of its remit. In her 20-pages, she spends the first six discussing the use of the term 'transgender' in another country. She tells us nothing of how it was used in Canada. She repeats yet again the misinformation that Virginia Prince introduced the term, citing Leslie Feinberg's Transgender Warriors. How many times does this have to be refuted before people stop claiming it? My 2011 article, The Myth that Transgender is a Princian Concept explains step by step why the Princian claim is not true. Salah apparently does not want to know this. The editors should have advised her to drop this section of her article. On the seventh page she writes: "I do not have the space here to document a longer history of trans activism in the Canadian or international context". Indeed! She then quickly traces trans activism back to the mid-1990s. Those of us who were doing it in the 1970s, are not too impressed. She documents how trans persons in CUPE came out, and were able using precedents set by GLB and feminist activism to get pro-trans resolutions passed within CUPE, but without member engagement. When times got tougher, other priorities were attended to and trans issues forgotten. Towards the end she is talking more about sex workers than trans public and university employees. "...there was a persistent doubt as to whether they were legitimately representing sex workers, trans people, or trade unionists, and skepticism about what 'they' had to do with 'us'". I feel that she fails to explain the issue with regard to CUPE. She mentions hard-working trans-sex-worker activists such as Jamie Lee Hamilton and Sandy Laframboise, but does not claim that they were in CUPE. Surely she is not trying to say that sex workers have CUPE membership cards? I certainly agree that the Canadian Labour Congress and its member unions should provide money and advice to help sex workers to unionize, but the account here is confusing.
The major discussion of the CAMH (previously the Clarke Institute of Psychiatry) Gender Clinic is by Will Rowe, which is another chapter based on a Master of Social Work thesis. Rowe does, as we would expect, talk of the "incredibly transphobic history of CAMH's GIC". He interviewed four trans men about their current experiences with the CAMH GIC. For an earlier period, the 1990s, he relies on Namaste's writings. Namaste, as per her usual approach, never told us whether she was actually a patient at CAMH, although, as she lived in Ottawa and then Toronto while she transitioned, she quite likely was. No other trans women or other earlier patients are cited or discussed. This despite the extensive section on the CAMH GIC in my own writings and those of Andrea James. James' material is especially germane in that she reprinted first person accounts of what happened there. It is particularly odd in Rowe's account is that there is no mention of autogynephilia, and no mention of Ray Blanchard. Autogynephilia is the most pernicious face of the CAMH GIC's transphobia, so how can it not be mentioned? Rowe also fails to mention the only two books books published by the CAMH GIC: Gender Dysphoria: Development, Research, Management, 1985, and Clinical management of gender identity disorders in children and adults, 1990. These two books which are the CAMH GIC explaining itself are dominated by Kurt Freund and Ray Blanchard and are the definitive exposition of autogynephilia. Rowe does not explain this omission, any more than Namaste explained why she also removed the same topic. Why are Namaste and Rowe removing autogynephilia from the history of the CAMH GIC?
The CAMH Gender Clinic was dominated by US immigrants: Blanchard, Zucker, Cantor, and understandably they endorsed the US Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). They may be pleased that not a single writer in this anthology questions why Canadian psychotherapy is using a foreign diagnostic manual rather than either having its own like France or Sweden or using the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) compiled by the World Health Organization (WHO).
A final niggle. The contributor biography for Broden Giambrone says that he is 'currently' doing an MHSc at the University of Toronto. That was four years ago. He has been CEO at TENI in Dublin since.
The not-so good parts of the book: that Michell De Ville and Marie-Marcelle Godbout are not listed as contributors; the pretence that autogynephilia is not part of the history of CAMH; the lack of shame in uncritically accepting the DSM in Canada.
The best of the book: the variety of persons, especially the otherwise undocumented activists in Northern Ontario; Marie-Marcelle Godbout's defiant declaration:
"And I never hid who I was. I would not want to be anything other than transsexual. If you were to tell me that I had a chance to do it all over again, I would say leave me as I am. I worked hard to get here."
UK-born Ramet became a US citizen in 1966, and graduated with an AB from Stanford in philosophy in 1971, an MA from the University of Arkansas in International Relations, and PhD from UCLA in Political Science in 1981. He served in the US Air Force 1971-5.
Ramet taught at UCLA until completing transition in 1989. Sabrina then taught at the University of Washington and Ritsumeikan University in Kyoto.
In 1996 she edited Gender Reversals and Gender Cultures: Anthropological and Historical Perspectives, an eclectic collection of essays about gender variance across cultures and through history. In particular she takes issue with the much repeated feminist assumption that transsexuality is a type of reactionary conformism.
"Why anyone should think that people change sex in order to conform to to specifically the most demeaning stereotypes is quite beyond me. Why anyone would presume to generalize about 'all transsexuals' as if we were some sort of disciplined military unit is, again, beyond me. (p20)".In 2001 Sabrina joined the faculty of the Norwegian University of Science and Technology in Trondheim as Professor of Political Science. She specializes in Yugoslavia and Eastern Europe. Her wife is a scientist at the University of Trondheim.
In 2009 she was elected to the Norwegischen Akademie der Wissenschaften.
Lee was born in Thailand of Thai, Cambodian, Chinese, and Brazilian heritage. The family moved from Thailand to the Philippines and then to California.
Lee joined the U.S. Navy at age 18, but he was harassed and forced out. He found work as a drag entertainer and make-up artist. He worked as a make-up artist in Hollywood actresses and on music video sets.
After taking female hormones, and having breast implants while back in Thailand, Yasmin felt that she had to quit her job as a make-up artist, but was able to find work as an assistant on pornography sets. She became a casting director.
One day in 2004 the engaged actress did not show, so Yasmin took her place. She was featured in many porn videos. She was nominated AVN Transsexual Performer of the Year in 2008 and 2009.
After various television appearances such as The Maury Povich Show and The Tyra Banks Show, Yasmin was able to make a breakthrough into mainstream movies the with horror release Red Ice and the comedy The Hangover Part II, both 2011.
She is also an activist with the American Civil Rights Union and campaigned against California’s Proposition 8.
The six-year-old Weston was inspired by the solar eclipse in northern New England in 1994, and vowed to be a scientist. After education at the elite private school Phillips Exeter in New Hampshire , with completion of the advanced track for physics and a special program with NASA and Caltech, Weston, now as Amy did a gender studies major and astronomy minor at Colby College in Maine. That she was known as transgender and lesbian created difficulties, but she completed the astronomy courses, did independent research, and worked as a teaching assistant for the astronomy labs. She was noted for her independent work, and her determination to get the best image of spiral galaxies. Amy did her senior research on how the space race directed gender construction in the 1960s.
She began work at NASA three weeks after graduation, and is today an associate instrumentation engineer with a team charged with figuring out what happened in the first 10^34 seconds after the Big Bang.
“Gender is complicated in ways that send the smartest physicists running for cover. It’s not logical like astronomy is; it’s slippery and prone to evaporating completely before you can understand what’s going on.”*not the photographer
Hugo Holm was raised in Svendborg, Denmark, and initially worked as a sailor. He later joined the anti-tax, anti immigration Fremskridtspartiet and was elected to Parliament.
He lost his parliamentary immunity when he was charged with drunk driving, violence, perjury and attempted fraud. Subsequently, he was sentenced to 30 days in jail for drunk driving. He attempted suicide in 1996, and was admitted to a psychiatric ward.
However this led to a final push. After working on the Mellerup-Voer ferry, she transitioned as Anette Egelund in 2004, and flew to Bangkok for surgery.
"The prejudices that I have encountered, can be counted on one hand. The biggest enemy I had was myself. I was a victim of my own prejudices about what people thought about me".Later she joined the Det Radikale Venstre, and stood as a candidate in 2009 for the regional government (the first open transsexual to do in Denmark), but without success. She also helped the party to write its Program of sexuality and gender, where transsexuality was mentioned for the first time. She has appeared in two television programs about transsexuals.
The article in Information says: "The Health Act requires namely the permission of the Interior and Health Minister to be allowed to change sex. This means that only four or five Danes obtain gender reassignment surgery in this country, while an estimated 20 Danes are operated on outside the Danish health and judicial systems abroad, mainly in Thailand."
O'Sullivan, born and raised in Dublin, completed a Ph.D. in Renaissance Literature at Trinity College, in 1997. She then became Curator/Cataloguer on manuscripts and early printed books at the Scriptorium/Van Kampen Collection in Grand Haven, Michigan which led to several volumes in The Bible as Book series.
In 2006 as part of becoming a full-time writer, Orlaith lived for some time on Madeira.
From 2010-2013 she was the Campaigns and Advocacy Manager for Transgender Equality Network Ireland (TENI), and edited two collections of writings by TENI members.
She has also compiled a bibliography of the Book of Common Prayer, and a bibliography of Robert Graves. She was consultant editor for the first Time Out Guide to Dublin.
Charles Robert Brown from Pittsburgh volunteered for the US Navy in 1950 to obtain medical treatment for periodic internal bleeding. He was treated for a 'serious mental illness', which Brown said consisted only of a passion to become female, and said that one doctor had diagnosed this as resulting from the presence of female glands. He was discharged from the Navy after six months.
Brown then worked as a 'shake dancer' in Boston and Pittsburgh at $10 to $15 a night. Brown's fiancé was an army sergeant stationed in Frankfurt. They had been corresponding for 2½ years and had known each other since childhood. Brown wrote to surgeons in West Germany, Denmark and Yugoslavia. Dr Christian Hamburger in Copenhagen said that it would be possible if Brown became a Danish citizen. Dr Thomas Dehler, West German Justice Minister said that such operations were only for residents taking steps towards citizenship. Jet Magazine in 1953 designed Brown as the "first Negro 'transvestite' in history to transform his sex".
Brown signed papers at the Danish Consulate in Boston renouncing US citizenship and was issued a passport in the name of Carlett Angianlee.
"I regret leaving the United States, but after the Christine Jorgensen affair, the United States refuses to give an American citizen permission to alter his sex. I want to become a woman as quickly as possible so that I can marry."Carlett also announced that she would be going further than Christine Jorgensen in having female ovaries transferred so that she can have children. She announced that she would be leaving on the SS Holland on August 2.
Brown then, while presenting as male, went shopping for a wedding gown in downtown Boston until ejected by a policeman. A subsequent purchase of a women's coat-suit ensemble led to Carlett being arrested when she wore it under a Boston law forbidding men to appear in female garb. Brown was unable to pay the $5 bail and had to await the arrival of her manager. She admitted that she sold blood at $5 a pint to pay rent and food, but hoped to work as a female impersonator to raise the cost of passage to Denmark.
She did not sail on the SS Holland, and instead announced that she was to have a $500 face lift operation first in New York.
“I feel that female impersonators are being denied their right of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness when they are arrested for wearing female clothes – especially when they are minding their own business".Shortly afterwards, Brown was informed by the Internal Revenue Service that he owed $1,200 in back income taxes, and could not leave the US until it was paid off. A cousin arranged a $60-week job as a cook at an Iowa State College fraternity house.
After that the press lost interest in Carlett A Brown.
There is something called the Panache Report, a jumble of fact, rumour, supposition and nonsense. Amongst much else it takes the text I wrote about Delise Newton and adds a claim that Delise was born "Carlett Brown". Delise and Carlett were both proclaimed "The First Negro Sex Change" but 12 years apart and obviously were different people.
It is unusual to have cause to criticize Joanne Meyerowitz, who wrote the best book so far on trans history. However in the case of Carlett she cites only the June 18 article, and gives only Brown's male name.
The August 6 Jet Magazine article gives the name of the New York face-left surgeon as George Weiss, which by coincidence was also the name of the film producer in Los Angeles who commissioned Ed Wood to make Glen or Glenda at around the same time.
It is not clear whether the $1,200 tax debt is genuine, or a vindictive charge for renouncing citizenship.
Of course someone who is selling blood to survive shouldn’t buy a wedding dress, and certainly cannot afford a $500 facelift ($4,455 in 2014 dollars). The determination to sail to Denmark is different in being existential, but spending on facelifts prevents her from getting there.
It was common for transsexuals in the 1950s and 1960s to invent implausible intersex conditions, see also Betty Cowell, Dawn Langley Simmons. It was also the sometime practice to arrange the operation first, and take hormones and learn to pass only afterwards.
There is no mention of Carlett Brown in Vidensbanken om kønsidentite, the Danish encyclopedia of trans history maintained by Tina Thransen, which implies that Carlett never did make it to Denmark.
|Sign says 'trans asexuals exist'. Hirschfeld told us that, D'Eon was one.|
|The superstition & hatred counter demonstration|
|Drag Queens were left off the invitation, but came anyway|
Kristjánsson was educated as a Marine Engine Officer and worked as a Control Room Engineer at the Reykjavik Energy Co. Scania for a year. Kristjánsson married and they had three children. They were divorced in 1982.
Kristjánsson had been gender dysphoric since childhood, but even by the 1980s there was no support of any kind anywhere in Iceland. Kristjánsson relocated to Sweden and found a job with Stockholm Energi (now Fortum AB), and joined the Swedish Transsexual Society. This led to a doctor in Uppsala in 1992, and as Anna Kristjánsdóttir she had transgender surgery in 1995.
She moved back to Iceland in 1996 and found it very difficult to get a job, although eventually she obtained a position at Reykjavík Energy. She was the only known transsexual in the country at that time. She estimates that there are around 50 by now.
“I believe that gay legislation in 1996 played a big role in changing points of view for our community as well. In 2007, we founded the society Trans-Iceland, which was part of getting more acceptance from the outside. Around 2005/2006 attitudes really seemed to change, partly because more people came out. The healthcare system adopted a much more positive stance on transgender issues, which made it much easier for us.”In 2012 the Althing passed a supportive law requiring the National University Hospital of Iceland (Landspítali) to have a department for transgender diagnosis and surgery, and legal changes, all without a requirement for surgery.
Anna was also active in TGEU.
I take it that we all understand Icelandic surnames which are usually the father's first name with a suffix or either 'son' or 'dóttir' depending on gender.
In addition to the citizens and residents below there are some others with a Danish connection:
Prominent Scandinavian physicians:
Raised in London, Dolder made a first effort at living as a woman in the 1970s, while working as an audio engineer, but was unable to complete transition.
From 1978 to 2012 Dolder worked for Hewlett Packard and associated companies as a development engineer and later as a software engineer. In 1979 Dolder gained a Masters in Electronic Engineering. In 1983 this involved a move to Edinburgh.
In 1998 Nicole started her transition, and she had surgery in Brighton.
She is interested in acting. In 2006 Nicole was co-founder of the Edinburgh theatre group, The Luvvies, and her first part was as Mrs Madrigal, the trans landlady in Tales of the City. In 2008 they presented her play Painted Eggs, based on her own experiences as a transsexual. She does the sound and lighting, and also has written, directed and edited several short films. From 2009 she has had her own recording studio.
Click here to watch a film by Nicole.
theluvvies.org LinkedIn FilmandTVPro Patents
Harry Foy was born in Sydney, NSW. The son of a horse-trainer, Harry worked as a barman, but at night he was Sydney’s best-known female impersonator after Lea Sonia died.
He had appeared at various venues in Sydney since the mid 1920s. He often performed at the Ziegfeld Club where in semi-drag he flirted with the customers. A visiting US sailor, John Williams, took offence and struck him in the mouth. He fell and never recovered consciousness. Williams was charged with manslaughter, released on £40 bail, handed over to the US shore patrol and never seen again.
In March 2013 Paris Green was in the early phase of transition and living in Glenrothes, Fife. She and two others, Kevin McDonagh and Dean Smith, who had served in Afghanistan, invited Robert Shankland, who had previously helped her out with a place to stay, to Green's flat for drinks. Apparently a row developed over buying a bag of chips, and Shankland was battered, kicked, a ligature tied around his neck and a plastic bag was pulled over his head. Shankland, who suffered from heart disease, died.
They then sold his phone to buy ham sandwiches. A female friend of Green dropped by and they actually boasted about the death, and showed her the body. She fled and contacted the police.
After conviction at Glasgow's high court, all three were sentenced to a minimum of 18 years each. Green was sent to Cornton Vale prison for women, the only such prison in Scotland. It was also announced that transgender surgery would be arranged for Green on the NHS, which would have to be in England. The Shankland family, supported by some politicians, objected that Green should lose her right to transgender surgery as part of her punishment.
Soon Green was found to be having sex with other inmates, and after warnings was moved to the women's section of Edinburgh's Saughton Prison.
*Not the Houston band.
Trivia: paris green is a highly toxic inorganic compound used to kill insects and rodents.
Larry Nielsen of Portland, Oregon, became a born-again Christian at age 12.
In the 1960s Nielsen became a patient of Harry Benjamin, and as Paula transitioned in 1963. In stealth Paula was active in her local Foursquare Church and its choir. She worked as secretary to the comptroller for a theatrical agency.
In the 1970s Paula joined the gay and lesbian oriented Metropolitan Community Church. She became church secretary, came out publically as transsexual, assisted the pastor, edited the church newsletter and participated in the student clergy program. She was the religion editor for the NW Fountain, a gay community paper.
Through the 1980s, Paula wrote a column that was printed in four different alternate publications. In 1980 Paula débuted on the stage of the Darcelle XV showplace where, billed as "Portland's Own Red Hot Mama", she did Sophie Tucker impersonations.
From December 1987, Paula had her own television gospel show, and was featured as a guest on television shows in the US, the UK and Canada. She is now on the internet. For seven years Paula worked on her autobiography, and it was published in 2012.
"...God has chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise.....and things which are despised, hath God chosen...." (I Corinthians 1:27, 28)*not the Swedish actress.
De Sutter was raised in Oudenaarde, in East Flanders. De Sutter gained an MD, 1987, and two PhDs, 1991, 1994, from Ghent University, and also studied at the Reproductive Genetics Institute in Chicago, and became a professor and head of the Reproductive Medicine Department at Ghent University.
She completed transition in 2004.
She and her team researched on embryonic stem cells, the oocyte activation mechanism and fertility. De Sutter is on the executive of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE), a member of the Royal Belgian Academy of Medicine, and of the French Agence de la Biomedecine. She has published more than 200 journal articles.
In 2014 Petra was placed second on the Green Party list for the European elections, but they gained only one seat. In July 2014 it was announced that De Sutter was appointed to the Senate as a Green Party nomination, where she will focus on health care and environmental issues.