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Essays on trans, intersex, cis and other persons and topics from a trans perspective.......All human life is here.

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    Part I: beginnings
    Part II:  GAA & Weinstein Hall
    Part III: Street Transvestite Action Revolutionaries
    Part IV:  Other activities to 1973
    Part V:  Later years

    Sylvia retreated to Tarrytown on the northern edge of New York City where she worked as a food services manager with the Marriott Corporation. With her husband Frank she bought a house, but they lost it after taking up crack.

    She was discovered by David Isay for his radio program, Remembering Stonewall which was broadcast on the 20th anniversary of the Stonewall Riots in 1989. She was then interviewed by Martin Duberman and featured in his book, Stonewall, as a major participant.

    She joined the executive of the Stonewall Veterans Association.

    Allyson Allanta, Sylvia, Ivana Valentin at Stonewall 26.


    She took it badly when Marsha was found dead in the Hudson River off the West Village Piers in 1992. In 1995 she herself attempted suicide by walking into the river.

    From 1997 Sylvia lived at Transy House, the home of Rusty Mae Moore and Chelsea Godwin (who had been in the earlier S.T.A.R.). She was an alcoholic at this time, but after discussions with Rusty and Chelsea, she went cold turkey. She renewed her political activism, giving speeches concerning the need for unity among trans persons, and their position at the forefront of the GLBT movement.
    Sylvia took up with a trans woman Julia Murray, and they became a couple.

    She was active in New York’s Metropolitan Community Church, where she became the director at the food pantry.

    Lee Brewster died in 2000, and Sylvia wrote an obituary, but none of the gay papers would print it.

    Later that year she went to Italy for the Millenium March (the first WorldPride), and was acclaimed as the Mother of all gay people.

    In 2001 she revived STAR (this time with T=transgender) and they fought for the New York City Transgender Rights Bill and for a trans-inclusive New York State Sexual Orientation Non Discrimination Act. They also agitated for justice for Amanda Milan, a trans woman who had been killed on the street 20 June 2000. Sylvia still had to fight with the Human Rights Campaign (HRC) and the Empire State Pride Agenda (ESPA) who were neglecting trans issues. She was still negotiating with ESPA on her deathbed.

    She died in 2002, with Julia at her side, of complications from cancer of the liver at age 50.

    In her honor: MCC New York's queer youth shelter is called Sylvia's Place; In 2005, the corner of Christopher and Hudson Streets was renamed Rivera Way; the Sylvia Rivera Law Project is dedicated
    "to guarantee that all people are free to self-determine gender identity and expression, regardless of income or race, and without facing harassment, discrimination or violence".
    *Not known to be related to Birdy Rivera, or René Rivera (Mario Montez).
    _____________________________________

    Sylvia is included in the 2002 anthology GenderQueer, and this is very appropriate, and in retrospect was timely as she died the same year. She had been on external hormones as a teenager, but discontinued. Unlike Virginia Prince, who also discontinued hormones and abandoned her intention to gain surgery, Sylvia remained positive about those who continued the journey:  In her article she says:
    “I thought about having a sex change, but I decided not to. I feel comfortable being who I am. That final journey many of the transwomen and transmen make is a big journey. It’s a big step and and I applaud them, but I don’t think I could ever make that journey. Maybe it comes of my prejudice when so many in the late ‘60s and early ‘70s ran up to the chop shop at Yonkers General. They would get a sex change and a month, maybe six months, later they’d kill themselves because they weren’t ready. Maybe that made me change my mind.”

    In 1970-2, Sylvia corrected those who who referred to her as a 'drag queen', and preferred the word ‘transvestite’. However in her essay for GenderQueer, she used ‘drag queen’.  This of course creates some confusion with respect to the 1973 pride march in that the Club 82 performers were drag queens in a very different sense.

    Sylvia was lucky in those who wrote about her: Arthur Bell, David Isay, Martin Duberman; and it is the media construction resulting from these three writers that is most of her legend.  So let us return to the question raised in Part I:  was she actually at the first night of the Stonewall riots?  Arthur Bell was in Europe with his lover Arthur Evans that summer, and says nothing about Stonewall in his book, Dancing the Gay Lib Blues, 1971, although he publicized her trial for soliciting signatures on a petition for gay rights, and later her involvement in StarHouse.   It is presumably the fame resulting from this that led David Isay and Martin Duberman to include her in their accounts of Stonewall.   On the other hand the carefully researched book by David Carter and Stephan Cohen conclude that she was not there.   If so, why did she say that she was?    Perhaps she did not want to disappoint them?  In her final writing, the essay in GenderQueer, she carefully says that 'we' (that is street queens) were at Stonewall, but does not say that 'I' was.  If she were not, it was rather bold of her to be on the executive of the  Stonewall Veterans Association.

    It does not matter if Sylvia were not at Stonewall.  Her actions as recounted in this series justify her place in history in either case.

    I mainly followed Stephan L. Cohen. The Gay Liberation Youth Movement in New York: 'an Army of Lovers Cannot Fail'.   This is certainly the best book on Sylvia and on New York gay lib in the early 1970s.   I got it from the library, but it is a shame that, being published by Routledge, it is so expensive.   The hardback is US$130/C$167/£110.00; the paperback:  US$43/C$57/£35.
    _________________________________________
    • Arthur Bell & Sylvia Rivera. “Chris: Gay Prisoner in Bellevue.” Gay Flames, Nov. 14, 1970: 1, 2, 7. Online.
    • Arthur Bell. “STAR Trek: Transvestites in the street.” Village Voice, July 15, 1971, 1, 46.
    • “March on Albany”. Drag, 1,3, 1971 : 30, 32-3. Online.
    • Arthur Bell. Dancing the Gay Lib Blues: A Year in the Homosexual Liberation Movement. Simon & Schuster, 1971: 60-5, 88, 113-5, 118-120, 122-3, 145-6, 157-8, 176, 191.
    • Sylvia Rivera. “In a World of Darkness.” Come Out 2, No. 7b, Spring/Summer 1971, 17.
    • Sylvia Lee Rivera. “Transvestites: Your Half Sisters and Half Brothers of the Revolution.” Come Out 2, No. 8, Winter 1972, 10.
    • “Drags and TVs Join the March”. Drag, 3,11, 1973: 4-11,44. Online.
    • Rey “Sylvia Lee” Rivera. “The Drag Queen” in Eric Marcus. Making History: The Struggle for Gay and Lesbian Equal Rights, 1945-1990 : an Oral History. HarperPerennial, 1992: 187-196.
    • Martin B Duberman. Stonewall. Plume, 1994: 20-24, 65-71, 117,122-8, 182-3,,190-3,195-6,198,201,202-3,235-9, 246, 251-5, 259, 262-5, 282, 287, 280, 282, 285n10, 300n40, 308n46, 313n83-4, 314-5n94.
    • David Isay, with photographs by Harvey Wang. Holding On: Dreamers, Visionaries, Eccentrics and Other American Heroes. New York : W.W. Norton, 1995. Contains a chapter on Sylvia.
    • Leslie Feinberg. Trans Liberation: Beyond Pink or Blue. Boston: Beacon Press. 1998: 96-7, 106-9.
    • David Isay, with a photograph by Harvey Wang. “Sylvia Rivera”. New York Times Magazine. June 27, 1999. Online.
    • Michael Bronski. “Sylvia Rivera: 1951-2002: No longer on the back of the bumper”. ZMag. April. 2002. https://zcomm.org/zmagazine/sylvia-rivera-1951-2002-by-michael-bronski
    • Sylvia Rivera. “Queens in Exile, The Forgotten Ones”. In Joan Nestle, Clare Howell & Riki Wilchins (eds). GenderQueer: Voices from Beyond the Sexual Binary. Alyson Books 297 pp 2002.
    • Dora Francese (dir). Sylvia, rimembri ancora? Scr: Adi Gianuario, with Sylvia Rivera. Italy 21 mins 2001.
    • Bebe Scarpinato & Rusty Moore. “Sylvia Rivera”. Transgender Tapestry, 98, Summer 2002: 34-8. Online.
    • “Sylvia Rae Rivera”. Stonewall Veterans. www.stonewallvets.org/SylviaRivera.htm
    • Paul D Cain. “David Carter: Historian of The Stonewall Riots”. Gay Today, 07/01/04. http://gaytoday.com/interview/070104in.asp.
    • Victoria I. Muñoz. "Fabulous Resistance: Carmen Miranda, Sylvia Rivera, and Queer Latinidad"National Women's Studies Association Conference. 2005.
    • Stephan L. Cohen. The Gay Liberation Youth Movement in New York: 'an Army of Lovers Cannot Fail'. Routledge, 2008: 2, 8-9, 35-6, 37, 38, 39, 40, 56-8, 89 -92, 93-4, 96, 97-8, 101-7, 108, 109-118, 119, 121-137, 140, 141, 143, 144, 145-6, 148, 152, 153154-9, 161-2, 196, 197, 244n6, 245n19, 255n270

    EN.Wikipedia

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    Noureddine Talbi was born in Agadir, and was raised in Hay Mohammedi, outside Casablanca. Talbi was good at languages and also a teenage athlete and won gold medals in the 110 and 440-metre hurdles at the national level, but was more interested in dancing, which was done at first in the family setting, and in imitation of the dance sequences in Egyption films.

    Talbi left for Spain at 18, and then France where she found work on the fashion catwalks. Her name was now Noor (shortened from Noureddine, a unisex name that means ‘light’ in Arabic).

    Back in Morocco she founded her own fashion brand … but she still wanted to dance. She studied oriental dance under renowned choreographers. Initially she was snubbed, as are all artists initially, and there were rumours about her gender history. However she persisted, and performed at shows, charity galas, weddings.

    Her sister acted as her manager – until she got married. Noor has adopted a child. She sent her mother on the Hajj in 2002, and wants to go herself.

    “I am a strong believer; I pray five times a day, I am very close to God."
    Noor became one of the best known oriental dancers in Morocco. She also dances the kabuki, the hindi, the woolof and the charqi. She can speak French, English, Spanish, Italian and three Arabic dialects: the Moroccan darija, the Lebanese and the Egyptian. She is 1.85m (6'1"), a full 2 metres in heels. She had surgery in Egypt.

    She has starred in films, headlined weddings for the rich, and is a regular at big events such as the Marrakech International Film Festival, run after by the paparazzi. She teaches dance in Rabat and Casablanca, and has performed in the US, Australia and Japan.  However she chooses not to work with LGBT activists despite being asked.

    However Morocco refuses to reissue her identity card, and state television continues to ban her.
    'If I wasn't such a strong woman, religious, humanly and social, another might have killed herself'.

    FR.Wikipedia       IMDB


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    Jay Thomas grew up in a small town in Indiana, and as a teenager was a national swimming champion.

    Despite feeling wrong as a boy, Jay married a woman at age 17, however she had great difficulties with her husband’s transsexual inclinations. Thomas moved to the Los Angeles area and worked as a consultant for movie and television productions and as an engineer psychologist for Hughes Industries, an aircraft development company.

    A second wife was more supportive of the trans aspects, and they traveled together as two women. Thomas had children with both wives.

    When the second wife passed on in 1985, Thomas felt free to transition. Thomas had been working as a consultant at a large Los Angeles banking firm, and was able to continue there as a woman.

    Afterwards she gave counseling to other transsexuals, in accordance with the HBIGDA Standards of Care. In 1988 she took a part-time position in the Psychology Department at the Santa Monica College, where she was a well-regarded teacher who shared her background with the students. She also worked part-time at the Los Angeles Mission College.

    With Kate Bornstein, Jayne appeared on the Geraldo television program “Who’s Sorry Now” about post-surgical regret. Kate and Jayne were there in contrast as successful and happy transsexuals.

    Jayne was a speaker at the first New Women’s Conference in Essex, Massachusetts in 1991: her talk was reprinted in TheJournal of Gender Studies.

    “I've made the comment on more than one occasion that I'm a hell of a lot more comfortable with the masculine part of myself now, in female form, than I ever was when I was in male form. I couldn't be androgynous as a male. I can now. Because being male doesn't threaten me now”.
    Jayne also gave lectures and presentations at other colleges. From this came the VHS tape Gender Identity: Variations of Expression. At one college presentation, after Thomas spoke of her gender history, an Iranian woman said:
    "I knew there was something different about you. I knew it! Women don't walk around the way you do. Women aren't as assertive, as bold as you. Women your age wouldn't generally stand here like this and make a presentation."
    Jayne’s son, an aspiring thespian had become involved in dance as a form of creative expression. Jayne met his teacher and also took the course, and found it useful in expressing a new gender. She and the teacher wrote this up and it was included in the Gender Blending anthology edited by the Bulloughs and James Elias.

    During the spring semester, 2002 Jayne suffered a stroke and went into a coma. Despite medical care, she died a few months afterwards
    • Jayne Thomas. “Putting Gender Issues in Perspective: The Whole You”. Journal of Gender Studies, 14,1,Winter-Spring 1992: 3-19. Online.
    • Kate Bornstein. Gender outlaw: on men, women, and the rest of us. Vintage Book, 1995: 81.
    • Jayne Thomas & Toby Green. Gender Identity: Variationsof Expression. VHS Tape, 1995.
    • Loren M. Wingert, CPA. “Coming Out: Transitioning Successfully On the Job”. Transgender Tapestry, 78, Winter 1996: D3. Online.
    • Jayne Thomas & Annette Cardona. “The Use of Dance/Movement in the Adjustment to a New Gender Role” in Bonnie Bullough, Vern L. Bullough & James Elias. Gender Blending. Prometheus Books, 1997: 405-412.
    • Daniel Harju. “Teacher Fights For Her Life: SMC instructor shared perspectives on human sexuality and personal life experiences”. Corsair, 84, 11, 13 November 2002. Online.
    • Jeffrey S Nevid & Spencer A Rathus. Psychology and the Challenges of Life, Binder Ready Version: Adjustment and Growth. 13th Edition. Wiley, 2016:404-5, 407.

    Melanie Yarborough



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    Tareq, born and raised in Egypt, was an actor, but felt wrong in the body, so went to Europe for the operation. On return she took the name Hanan Al Tawil, and announced from the stage that she had become a woman.

    She was given a small part in the film Abboud Alal Hodood (Abboud on the Borders), directed by Sharif Arafeh. Arafeh then cast her as a school-teacher in Al Nazer (Headmaster).



    She moved to comedy theatre, and to straight drama. In the play Hakim Uyoon (Ophthalmologist) she was cast as a young wife suffering from a negligent husband. Her family were quite accepting of her new self.

    Hanan died at age 38, possibly from suicide. She had been frequently mocked and harassed, and took it badly.

    El Cinema     IMDB

    __________________________________________

    IMDB often becomes quite deficient, the further that it moves from Hollywood.   It lists only one film for Hanan: I Want my Right, 2003.  El Cinema list 6 films.


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    Leynon, from Mexico, was a well-known performer in US female-impersonation nightclubs in the 1950s. When Perry Desmond was hired for a first chance as a performer at New Orleans’ My-O-My Club in 1956, Leynon stepped in to help Desmond with make-up and costume.

    Desmond records that she was viciously murdered in a transphobic hate crime in Mexico a few years later.


    • Perry Desmond & Dr. R. L. Hymers. Perry: A Transformed Transsexual. Impact Christian Books. 2004: 31-2.


    Queer Music Heritage.






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  • 10/21/17--12:29: Advice Manuals I: 1957-1980

  • Bibliographies

    Canadian (auto)biographies
    Hoax biographies
    (auto)biographies that are almost unobtainable
    French and Belgian (auto) biographies and Histories
    Biographies with the pre-transition name in the title 

    Advice Manuals I: 1957-1979
    Advice Manuals II: 1980-2000
    Advice Manuals III: 2001-2017

    When I first started this encyclopedia in 2007 I included a bibliography of books up to that date. Since then the field has exploded and my bibliography became increasingly out of date – although I did include most of the new books for each year in my year-end review each year. I have now taken down the old bibliography, and bit by bit am rebuilding it.

    Advice manuals Part I: 1957-1980

    There are many advice manuals for different types of trans person. This list is necessarily incomplete.

    Inclusion in this list does not imply that I endorse the contents of any item.

    In this early period the genre is not defined. The book by Prince, Roberts and Salem are completely different, although some trans women would have read all all them, as there was nothing else at the time.

    1957


    • Virginia Prince.  An Introduction to the Subject of Transvestism or Femmiphilia (Cross-Dressing). Foundation for Full Personality Expression.

    1967



    1971



    1973


    • Michael Salem with Leo Wollman. How to impersonate a woman; a handbook for the male transvestite. New York, M. Salem Enterprises.
    • Michael Salem. How to Impersonate a Woman. VHS. US 60 mins. Michael Salem. The video of the book.

    1979



    • Paula Grossman. A Handbook for Transsexuals. Broadview Enterprises Inc.

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  • 10/22/17--16:34: Advice Manuals II 1981-2000
  • Bibliographies:

    Canadian (auto)biographies
    Hoax biographies
    (auto)biographies that are almost unobtainable
    French and Belgian (auto) biographies and Histories
    Biographies with the pre-transition name in the title 
    Advice Manuals 1957-1980
    Advice Manuals 1981-2000
    Advice Manuals 2001-2017
     
    There are many advice manuals for different types of trans person. This list is necessarily incomplete.

    Inclusion in this list does not imply that I endorse the contents of any item.

    This middle period is notable for the scarcity of publications in the 1980s.   This is the period following Janice Raymond’s diatribe against any form of transgender.   Even writer sympathetic to trans persons such as Liz Hodgkinson and Dave King felt obliged to cite Raymond.   It was also the period after the closure of the Johns Hopkins Gender Identity Clinic, and the legal persecution of doctors such as David Wesser.   And, of course, the coming of AIDS. 

    There is recovery in the 1990s.   Most of the authors are associated with the trans peer groups of that time. 

    Part II 1980-2000


    1980


    • Louis Sullivan. Information for the female to male cross dresser and transsexual. Ingersoll Gender Center. 1st Ed Janus Information Facility.

    1984


    • Yvonne Sinclair. Transvestism within a partnership of marriage and families. Transvestite/Transsexual Social Group.

    1986


    • Joseph Doucé. La Question transsexuelle. Paris: Luminière et justice.

    1989


    • The Brussels Experience. Ingersoll Gender Center.

    1990


    • Morgan Holliday & Peter Hawkins. The Morgan Mystique: Morgan Holliday's Essential Guide to Living, Loving and Lip Gloss. Holliday Productions.
    • Peggy J Rudd. Crossdressing With Dignity: The Case for Transcending Gender Lines. Pm Pub.
    • Joanne Altman Stringer. The Transsexual's Survival Guide: To Transition & Beyond. Creative Design Services.
    • Jennifer Anne Stevens. From Masculine to Feminine. Inland Book Co.

    1991


    • Dallas Denny. Deciding what to do about your gender dysphoria: Some considerations for those who are thinking about sex reassignment. (AEGIS transition series).
    • Dallas Denny. Deciding what to do about your gender dysphoria: Some considerations for those who are thinking about sex reassignment. (AEGIS transition series)
    • JoAnn Roberts. Coping With Crossdressing: Tools & Strategies for Partners in Committed Relationships. Creative Design Services.

    1992


    • The Trinidad Experience. Ingersoll Gender Centre.
    • Jed Bland. The Dual Role Transvestite: a Unique Form of Identity. Derby TV/TS Group.
    • Jed Bland. The Secret Wardrobe. Derby TS/TV Group.
    • Joanne Altman Stringer. The Transsexual's Survival Guide II: To Transition & Beyondfor Family, Friends, & Employers. Creative Design Services.

    1993


    • Jed Bland. The Gender Paradox: What it Means to be a Transvestite. Derby TV/TS Group.

    1994


    • Jed Bland. Transvestism: Four Monograms. Derby TV/TS Group.
    • Dallas Denny. Identity Management in Transsexualism. Creative Design Services.
    • Sheila Kirk, M.D. Hormonal therapy for the male-to-female transgendered individual. IFGE.
    • JoAnn Roberts. Art & Illusion: A Guide to Crossdressing. 4 volumes. Creative Design Services.

    1995


    • Sheila Kirk & Martine Rothblatt. Medical, Legal and Workplace Issues For The Transsexual. Together Lifeworks.

    1996


    • Mildred L Brown & Chloe Ann Rounsley. True Selves: Understanding Transsexualism : for Families, Friends, Coworkers, and Helping Professionals. Jossey-Bass.
    • Vernon Coleman. Men in dresses : a study of transvestism/crossdressing. European Medical Journal. 
    • Vernon Coleman. Crossdressing: The Path to Male Emancipation. European Medical Journal.
    • Sheila Kirk, M.D. Masculinizing Hormonal Therapy for the Transgendered, Together Lifeworks.
    • Sheila Kirk, M.D. Feminizing hormonal therapy for the transgendered. Together Lifeworks.

    1997


    • Alison Laing. Speaking as a Woman. King of Prussia, PA: Creative Design Services.
    • Alison Laing. Speaking as a Woman. VHS 45 mins.
    • Veronica Vera. Miss Vera's Finishing School for Boys Who Want to Be Girls. New York: Main Street Books.

    1998


    • Kate Bornstein. My Gender Workbook: How to Become the Kind of Man or Woman You Always Thought You Could Be...or Something Else Entirely. Routledge.

    2000



    • Vicky Lee. The Tranny Guide. Enfield: Wayout Publishing Co. 336 pp 2000

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  • 10/24/17--07:54: Advice Manuals III 2001-2017

  • Bibliographies:

    Canadian (auto)biographies
    Hoax biographies
    (auto)biographies that are almost unobtainable
    French and Belgian (auto) biographies and Histories
    Biographies with the pre-transition name in the title 
    Advice Manuals 1957-1980
    Advice Manuals 1981-2000
    Advice Manuals 2001-2017

    There are many advice manuals for different types of trans person. This list is necessarily incomplete.

    Inclusion in this list does not imply that I endorse the contents of any item.

    In this third period, since 2001, there has been a pronounced explosion of trans advice manuals.   It in 1960-1970s it was likely that a trans person would read all the manuals available, in recent years years it has become impossible to keep up.    

    (I have not included books on 'sissification' or 'forced feminity'.   I regard those as a different genre.)

    Part III 2001-2017


    2002


    • Veronica Vera. Miss Vera's Cross-Dress for Success: A Resource Guide for Boys Who Want to Be Girls. Villard.
    • Janice Morgan Stevens (Jean Marie Stine). Everything you wanted to know about sex changes ... and were afraid to ask: a primer for male to female transsexuals. Renaissance E Books.

    2004


    • Jed Bland (ed) Transvestism and Cross Dressing: Current Views. Beaumont Trust.

    2005


    • Alice Purnell. Transexed and Transgendered People: A Guide. Gendys Conferences.
    • Lannie Rose. How to Change Your Sex: A Lighthearted Look at the Hardest Thing You'll Ever Do. Lulu.

    2006


    • Paisley Currah, Richard M Juang & Shannon Price Minter (eds). Transgender Rights. University of Minnesota Press.

    2007


    • Jennifer Seeley. The Transgender Companion (Male To Female): The Complete Guide To Becoming The Woman You Want To Be. CreateSpace.
    • Andrew Sharpe. Transgender Jurisprudence: Dysphoric Bodies of Law. Routledge-Cavendich.

    2008


    • Deep Stealth (Andrea James & Calpernia Addams) Finding Your Female Voice: TS Voice Feminization. 9 DVDs, CD and PDF.
    • Kelley Winters and Dan Karasic. Gender Madness in American Psychiatry: Essays from the Struggle for Dignity. GID Reform Advocates.

    2009


    • Mara Drummond. Transitions - A Guide to Transitioning for Transsexuals and Their Families. Lulu.com.
    • Joanne Herman. Transgender Explained For Those Who Are Not. AuthorHouse.
    • Douglas Ousterhout. Facial Feminization Surgery: A Guide for the Transgendered Woman. Addicus Books.

    2010


    • Megan M.Rohrer and Zander Keig. Letters for My Brothers: Transitional Wisdom in Retrospect. Wilgefortis.
    • Anne VitaleThe Gendered Self: Further Commentary on the Transsexual Phenomenon. Lulu

    2011



    • Anne L Boedecker. The Transgender Guidebook: Keys to a Successful Transition. CreateSpace.
    • Alex Drummond. Queering the Tranny: New Perspectives on Male Transvestism and Transsexualism. True Colours Publishing.
    • Alice Purnell & Jed Bland. Trans in the Twenty First Century: Concerning Gender Diversity. Beaumont Trust.
    • Martine Rothblatt. From Transgender to Transhuman: A Manifesto On the Freedom of Form. Martine Rothblatt.
    • Nat Smith & Eric A. Stanley. Captive Genders: Trans Embodiment and the Prison Industrial Complex. AK Press.
    • Stephen Whittle (ed). The White Book: A really indispensible manual for inhabiting a trans man’s being. Gendys.

    2012


    • Richard Adler, Sandy Hirsch & Michelle Mordaunt. Voice and Communication Therapy for the Transgender/Transsexual Client: A Comprehensive Clinical Guide. Plural Publishing Inc.
    • Meghan Chavalier. Your True Self: An Informative Guide for Transitioning Transgender Women. Kindle.
    • Trystan Theosophus Cotten (ed). Hung Jury: Testimonies of Genital Surgery by Transsexual Men. Transgress Press.
    • Karine Espineira, Maud-Yeuse Thomas & Arnaud Alessandrin. La Transyclopedie : Tout Savoir Sur Les Transidentites. Lulu.
    • Jennifer L. Levi & Elizabeth E. Monnin-Browder (eds). Transgender Family Law: A Guide to Effective Advocacy, GLAD.
    • Racheal McGonigalThe Transgender Guide (Transsexual transition). Kindle.
    • M S Lynette Nisbet. Girl Talk. the Transgender Guide for Voice and Feminization. Robertson Publishing.
    • Carollyn Olson. Tricks of the Trade -- A Beginners Guide To Cross Dressing. Kindle.
    • Nick Teich. Transgender 101: A Simple Guide to a Complex Issue. Columbia University Press.

    2013


    • Joanne Borden. Transgender Complete, A Virtual Handbook . Kindle.
    • Kate Bornstein. My New Gender Workbook: A Step-by-Step Guide to Achieving World Peace Through Gender Anarchy and Sex Positivity. Routledge.
    • Des McCabe & Fiona McLeod. Transgender People - Practical Advice, FAQs and Case Studies (Best Practice Guides in Equality and Diversity - The Diversiton Series). New Activity Publication.
    • Isaac West. Transforming Citizenships: Transgender Articulations of the Law (Sexual Cultures). New York University Press.
    • Tasi Zuriak. Top Ten Fashion Mistakes by Crossdressers And How To Fix them. Kindle.

    2014


    • Leo Castana. The Transgender Men's Guide to Life: Decision-Making and Goal-Setting while Transitioning Towards Your True Gender. Kindle.
    • Leo Castana. The Transgender Men's Guide to Life: Coming Out and Socially Transitioning Towards Your True Gender. Kindle.
    • Jennifer Corbett. On Becoming a Woman: A Transsexual and Transgender guide for transitioning from male to female. Kindle.
    • Barbara Deloto & Thomas Newgen. Feminizing Men - A Guide for Males to Achieve Maximum Feminization. CreateSpace.
    • Laura Erickson-Schroth (ed). Trans Bodies, Trans Selves: A Resource for the Transgender Community. Oxford University Press
    • Christine Michelle Duffy. Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation Discrimination in the Workplace: A Practical Guide.
    • Ally Windsor Howell, with a forward by Phyllis Frye. Transgender Persons and the Law. American Bar Association.
    • Jenny Husk. The Ultimate Transgender Before and After Transgender Surgery Survival Guide for Transgender People with Transgender Issues about Transgender Equality. Kindle.
    • Robyn Kelly. One Woman's Story: A Trans-Activist Sourcebook. Kindle.
    • Snow McNally. The Transition Process. Kindle.
    • Carollyn Olson. More Tricks of the Trade -- A Beginners Guide To Cross Dressing. Kindle.
    • Karen M Scarpella. Sharing the Good News: A Positive Model for Coming Out as Transgender. CreateSpace.
    • Jans M Scherpe (ed). The Legal Status of Transsexual and Transgender Persons. Interentia.
    • Michelle Spicer. The Transgender Handbook, Lulu.
    • Dean Thornton (ed). Letters for my Sisters. Transgress Press. "If you could write just one letter to someone who is beginning their gender transition or to your younger, pre-transition self, what would you say?" 35 trans women answer.
    • Isabella van Vence. Frau sein kann Mann lernen: Das Crossdressing Handbuch. Kindle.
    • Zander Keig & Mitch Kellaway (eds). Manning Up: Transsexual Men on Finding Brotherhood, Family, and Themselves. Createspace.

    2015


    • Charles Anders. The Lazy Crossdresser. Greenery Press.
    • Anne L Boedecker. The Transgender Workbook: Your Journey to Womanhood. CreateSpace.
    • Joanne Borden. Transgender Complete: A Virtual Handbook. Kindle.
    • Felix Conrad. Autogynephilia - Everyman's Guide to Autogynephilia, Crossdreaming and Late Onset Transsexualism. Lulu.
    • Eli R Green & Luca Maurer. The Teaching Transgender Toolkit: A Facilitator's Guide To Increasing Knowledge, Reducing Prejudice & Building Skills.
    • Anna Kendrick. Transgender: the guy inside. Kindle.
    • Eleanor Nye. Sex Change - Male to Female: An Essential Guide for Understanding the Process of Gender Reassignment Surgery & Getting to Know the New You. Kindle.
    • Eleanor Nye. Sex Change - Female to Male: An Essential Guide for Understanding the Process of Gender Reassignment Surgery & Getting to Know the New You. Kindle.
    • Eleanor Nye. Gender Dysphoria: An Essential Guide for Understanding and Dealing With Gender Identity Disorder. Kindle.
    • Jami Kathleen Taylor & Donald P Haider-Markel (eds). Transgender Rights and Politics: Groups, Issue Framing, and Policy Adoption. University of Michigan Press.
    • Rylan Jay Testa, Deborah Coolhart, Jayme Peta &Arlene Istar Lev. The Gender Quest Workbook: A Guide for Teens and Young Adults Exploring Gender Identity. Instant Help.
    • Deanne Thornton & Andrea James (eds) Letters for My Sisters: Transitional Wisdom in Retrospect. Transgress Press.
    • R O C Tree. Five Things You'll Face as a Pre-Op, Pre-T FTM. Kindle.
    • Claudia Valsecchi. I Fiori della Transizione - Fiori di Bach per il Percorso Transgender. Kindle. 
    • Alexander Walker & Emmett J P Lundberg (eds). Finding Masculinity: Female to Male Transition in Adulthood. Riverdale Avenue Books.
    • TGEU. Know Your Rights!: Activist’s Guide on Trans People’s Rights under EU Law.  PDF
    • TGEU. Know Your Rights!: Guide on Trans People’s Rights under EU Law. PDF

    2016


    • Thomas E Bevan. Being Transgender: What You Should Know. Praeger.
    • Vernon Coleman. Men in Bras, Panties and Dresses: The Secret Truths About Transvestites. Kindle. 
    • Felix Conrad. How to Jedi Mindtrick Your Gender Dysphoria.
    • Felix Conrad. Is a Transgender Woman a Woman?.
    • Felix Conrad. Quantum Desire: A Sexological Analysis of Crossdreaming.
    • Trystan Cotton. Below the Belt: Genital Talk by Men of Trans Experience. Transgress Press.
    • Ally Windsor Howell. This is Who We Are: A Guide to Transgenderism and the Laws Affecting Transgender Persons. Ankerwycke.
    • Ally Windsor Howell. Transgender Persons and the Law 2nd Edition. American Bar Association.
    • Jayden James. Making the Most of your Natural Masculinity: A FTM's Guide To Begin Your Transitional Journey. Kindle.
    • Hannah Lane. Transgender Voice Workbook: A voice course for MTF trans people. Kindle.
    • Sky Logan. Transgender Transition: Introduction. Kindle.
    • Sky Logan. Transgender Transition - Quick Start Guidebook. Kindle.
    • Z Nicolazzo. Trans* in College: Transgender Students' Strategies For Navigating Campus Life and the Institutional Politics of Inclusion. Stylus Publishing.
    •  Andrea Pelleschi. Transgender Rights and Issues. Essential Library.
    • Katherine Reilly. The Road to Femininity: A New Life for a New Woman. Akakia Publications.
    • Drake Cameron Sterling. Top Surgery: Unbound: An Insider's Guide to Chest Masculinization Surgery. Sterling OmniMedia.
    • R O C Tree. Coming Out as Transgender. Kindle.
    • Veronica Vera. Miss Vera's Cross Gender Fun for All. Greenery Press.

    2017


    • Walter Pierre Bouman & Jon Arcelus. The Transgender Handbook: A Guide for Transgender People, Their Families and Professionals. Nova Science Pub Inc.
    • Candis Cayne. Hi Gorgeous!: Transforming Inner Power into Radiant Beauty. Running Press.
    • Vernon Coleman. Men in Bras, Panties and Dresses: The Secret Truths About Transvestites. Kindle. 
    • Charlie Craggs (ed). To My Trans Sisters. Jessica Kingsley Publishers
    • Jo Green. The Trans Partner Handbook: A Guide for When Your Partner Transitions. Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
    • Declan Henry. Trans Voices: Becoming Who You Are. Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
    • Mason Daxton. The Transgender Mans Guide to Passing: The book every transgender male needs after coming out. Kindle.
    • Ephraim Das Janssen. Phenomenal Gender: What Transgender Experience Discloses. Indiana University Press.
    • Matthew Mills & Gillie Stoneham. The Voice Book for Trans and Non-Binary People: A Practical Guide to Creating and Sustaining Authentic Voice and Communication. Jessica Kingsley Publishers.


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    Slightly off-topic:   Zelda Suplee, later Reed Erickson's office manager, the person who actually ran the Erickson Educational Foundation (EEF), the first US organization for transsexuals, had managed nudist camps in the 1950-1960s.   From this she became the first full-frontal nude in Playboy (in black-and-white). 


    1977    Amanda Lear


    1978


    1979    Wendy Carlos

























    1981   Caroline Cossey/Tula


    For Your Eyes Only - Tula far left
    Tula, then in stealth, featured in Playboy re the then new James Bond film.






    1984 Luiza Moreira/Roberta Close  




















    1990 Roberta Close

    1991 Caroline Cossey

    Tula now out and proud.



















    1995 Caroline Cossey



    2014  Ines Rau






    2016 Vittoria Schisano




    2017  Ines Rau

    It is currently being announced by the Playboy publicity department that " Ines Rau is Playboy’s first (sic) transgender Playmate"!   This despite Ines' previous appearance in Playboy in 2014, and despite Amanda Lear, Roberta Close, Caroline Cossey and Vittoria Schisano.    This false claim is being repeated uncritically by both the mainstream press and by trans bloggers.







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    In addition to his proposal that late-transition gynephilic trans women be regarded as “autogynephiles`”, Ray Blanchard proposes the Fraternal Birth Order Effect.

    Here is Kay Brown`s summary of Blanchard’s position:

    The Fraternal Birth Order Effect is the now well established fact that androphilic males (both gay and transsexual) have more older brothers than sisters.  That is to say, that the odds that a given male baby will be androphilic increases with each male child that their mother had carried previously.  This is a cumulative effect.

    Recently Kay Brown endorsed a study that found that “when blood from a previously pregnant woman is transfused in men, their subsequent mortality is increased compared to women who are transfused. Blood from women who had never been pregnant did not increase men’s mortality”. She uses this in support of Blanchard`s Fraternal Birth Order Effect.

    Kay has, of course, made her peace with the usage of describing heterosexual trans women as “androphilic males”. Blanchard describes such as “homosexual males”.

    I personally am a first born. I have a younger sister and a younger brother, both quite straight. As such I am very sceptical of the Fraternal Birth Order Effect.

    Out of curiosity: what is Kay`s birth order? In the short autobiography that she wrote for the TS Roadmap in 2008, when she was starting to claim to be a “homosexual transsexual” as per Blanchard, she avoids stating her birth order. However, earlier, in 1998, for her Transsexual, Transgender and Intersex History site (now no longer available) she wrote of herself:

    “Growing up as the first of four children, Kay took on childcare responsibilities early”.

    A test of the hypothesis


    What neither Blanchard nor Brown has done is to test the hypothesis against the biographies of known androphilic trans women who mention their birth order (most do not). Here is a first cut at doing so. For each of the women below, we have enough information about their birth order, and also the fact that – one way or another – they are best described as androphilic (Kinsey 5 or 6 relative to birth gender). Some of these persons were early transitioners like Kay who never went through a phase as a gay man but later married a man; others went through homosexuality on the way to womanhood.

    Only Child, Eldest, only AMAB (assigned male at birth) with sisters


    According to Blanchard and Brown, this should be unusual. However it seems to be common.

    Nadia Almada - eldest with five younger brothers
    Manabi Bannerjee– only AMAB with two sisters
    Sally Barry - only child
    Aaïcha Bergamin– only AMAB with three sisters
    Georgina Beyer– elder of two
    Kay Brown – eldest of four
    Bobbi Cameron– three older sisters
    Candis Cayne– twin boys
    Dorian Corey– elder of two
    Candy Darling– only child
    Jamie Lee Hamilton– only child
    Yasmene Jabar– only child
    Norma Jackson– only child
    Christine Jorgensen – second child
    Jill Monroe– only child
    Patricia Morgan– only child
    Sylvia Rivera– elder child, younger sister
    Shonna– eldest, two younger sisters
    Dawn Langley Simmons– only child
    Hedy Jo Star– eldest of seven
    Joe Tish– eldest of seven
    Laxmi Tripathi– eldest of seven
    Diane Wells– eldest of three
    Zagria – eldest of three


    Younger children

    These conform to Blanchard’s model in having older brothers.
    Agnes– youngest of four
    April Ashley – two elder brothers, one elder sister
    Sharon Cohen - youngest of three
    Asha Devi– three elder brothers and three elder sisters
    Nicky Kiranant– seventh child
    Greer Lankton– third child
    Marie-Marcelle Godbout– youngest of seven
    Naomi– fourth of eight children
    Carmen Rupe– youngest AMAB of 13 children
    Angel dela Vega– seventh of eight children
    Jackie McAuliffe– third of four AMAB
    Angie Xtravaganza– one of thirteen children

    Conclusion

    Not proven. Androphilic trans women come from all positions in birth order. The Fraternal Birth Order Effect would predict that most be the second category. In fact there are fewer in the second category.

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    Jack Malick, a photographer, was a regular participant from the age of 21 in Susanna and Marie Valenti’s Chevalier D’Eon Resort and later Casa Susanna. Malick’s femme name was at first Jacqueline, but when he and his first wife Bonnie, endowed that name on their daughter, Malick took the name Andrea Susan. Andrea, who had a developing room, became the official photographer for the resort - this was at a time when commercial film developers might react unfavourably.

    David/Gail Wilde, one of the richer members, bought Andrea an expensive Roleiflex camera (which cost over $1,000) with the request that Andrea learn how to process color film. Gail also requested a copy of each photograph taken. Gail collected them in expensive albums.

    When in 1964 Susanna wanted to make movies, Andrea stepped up with a professional 16mm camera. Two films were shot in the same weekend in Marie’s wig store in New York.

    When David Wilde and Joan Bennett decided to move out of Manhattan, it was Jack, already living in Scarsdale, who introduced them to a local real-estate agent. As part of the move Joan insisted that David’s femme persona, including the photograph collection, be left behind. After a night of drinking, Gail’s photograph collection was put out on the garbage, and disappeared overnight.

    Andrea 1993
    Malick was the cinematographer on Leo Wollman and Doris Wishman’s groundbreaking Adam or Eve, 1971, which was later recut with additional material and rereleased as Born a Man ... Let Me Die a Woman, 1978, (although Malick is uncredited on the actual prints). He was lighting director or cinematographer on mainly television films through the 1980s and 1990s.

    Andrea was a regular at Fantasia Fair in Province Town. She hosted the Fashion Show many years from 1976.

    In 1985, Jack was briefly in the news when his Scarsdale home was burgled and he shot the intruder, wounding him.

    In 1991 Andrea was the director and cameraperson on the video Bridges to Beauty which apart from the two producers had a totally trans cast and crew. As the airlines would not insure the camera equipment, Andrea drove from New York to Los Angeles for the gig and then back.

    Andrea was nominated Ms Fantasia Fair in 1994, and in the newsletter for that year was described: “Andrea passes very well and travels extensivily as her girl self, and has been just about everywhere from Disney World to virtually every city (and supermarket ) in the world”.

    In 2013 Andrea visited fellow Fantasia Fair director, Miqqi Alicia in Toronto and was shown the 2005 book Casa Susanna complied by Robert Swope and Michel Hurst containing photographs from the 1960s. Andrea recognized many of them as her own work. She announced herself as the photographer as Fantasia Fair, 2013.
    Andrea at the premier of the play

    The next April Dallas Denny met with Andrea, and with permission identified her online. Jack’s daughter Jacqueline contacted Harvey Firestein who was producing the play Casa Valentina. Jack and Jaqueline were invited guests at a preview, and then Andrea and Jaqueline at the premier of the play, April 1, 2014. A presentation re Andrea’s work was prepared for Fantasia Fair, 2014. However a medical emergency forced Andrea into hospital instead. Dallas interviewed her on video in hospital.

    Andrea/Jack died at age 75. The 2015 Fantasia Fair was dedicated to her.


    • Doris Wishman (dir). Born A Man... Let Me Die A Woman. Hosted by Leo Wollman, camera by Andrea Susan Malick (uncredited) with trans persons Leslie, Lisa Carmelle, Deborah Harte, Ann Zordi, and porn stars Harry Reem, Angel Spirit and Vanessa del Rio. Scientific and medical advisor: Dr Leo Wollman. US 78 mins 1978.
    • “Scarsdale Man Wounds Intruder”. New York Times, January 11, 1985. Online.
    • Bridges to Beauty. Dir & camera: Andrea Susan Mitchell, with Vicki Vargas, Virginia Prince, Diahanna Taylor, Melissa Foster. US 1991.
    • “JoAnne Roberts Service & Product Reviews: Bridges to Beauty Video”. En femme magazine, 24, June 1991: 8-9. Online.
    • “Behind the Scenes: Making the “Bridges to Beauty” Videos. International Tran Script, 1,1, October 1991: 19-22. Online.
    • Ladylike, 16, 1993: Cover, 40, 42. Online.
    • Fantasia Fair Newsletter 96. Online.
    • Michel Hurst & Robert Swope. Casa Susanna. PowerHouse Books, 2005.
    • Kate Cummings. Katherine's Diary- the Story of a Transsexual. Beaujon Press, 2008: 131.
    • Dallas Denny. “The Historical Roots of Casa Valentina”. Chrysalis, May 10, 2014. Online.
    • Dallas Denny. “Identified! Casa Susanna Photographer Comes Forward”. Chrysalis, May 13, 2014. Online.
    • Andrea Susan Malick & Dallas Denny. “In the Beginning: How My Photos of 1950s Crossdressers Inspired a Hit Show on Broadway”. Chrysalis, Nov 24, 2015. Online.
    • Dallas Denny interviews Andrea Susan Malick. Video. Part I. Part II.
    • Dedication. Fantasia Fair Participants’ Guide, 2015. Online.
    • Isabelle Bonnet. Les Photographies des Travestis de La Casa Susanna. Mémoire de Master 1, Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne, 2015 : 10-11, 48, 73.
    • Katherine Cummings email to Zagria. 2 Nov 2017.
    ObituaryIMDB

    ----------------------

    The Fantasia Fair Newsletter 96 says “She was one of 37 who attended the first unofficial gathering of CDs in Hunter, N.Y. in 1967”. However under the name Jack/Jacqueline she is mentioned in Katherine’s Diary as being at the Chevalier D’Eon Resort in 1962.

    Bonnet p48 says that Jack Malick told her that he was a friend of Stanley Kubrick and worked on 2001: A Space Odyssey, 1968. The credits for the film, which was made in the UK and Spain, mainly at Borehamwood and Shepperton studios, list a team of 11 for Special Photographic Effects, one of whom is ‘John Jack Malick’. IMDB treats this John Jack Malick as a separate person from Jack Malick. Jack’s full name of Jack John Malik (see the Obituary), so if they are the same person, the credits scrambled his name. This site on Jack’s son Gary, claims that Jack won the Best Visual Effects Oscar for 2001. However that Oscar, the only one won by the film, went to Stanley Kubrick.

    There is no mention of Jack Malick in Brian Kellow’s The Bennetts: An Acting Family, which has sections on the marriage of David and Joan Bennett.

    Jack in the video interview says that when the Wildes moved to Scarsdale, Gail’s photograph collection was put out on the garbage, and disappeared overnight. He assumes that these are what were found by Roberts Swope decades later. Katherine Cummings says that Gail left her books and publications with a friend. Katherine is ‘100%’ sure that the Robert Sswope find is Susanna’s collection, not Gail’s.

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    Born as Clara Jenny Starke In Erfurt, Thuringia, Alex, apparently anatomically intersex, moved to Berlin, where he worked as a dentist and, with expert evidence from Magnus Hirschfeld, he applied for a Transvestitenschein (police permission to wear men’s clothing) in September 1919. Hirschfeld had advised that a gender-neutral name like ‘Alex’ was more likely to be accepted. In September 1920, he successfully petitioned a local court in downtown Berlin to change his legal name to Alex, and in November the civil register in Erfurt was accordingly changed. As per usual practice with any name change, he was obliged to pay for announcements in the Deutsche Reichsanzeiger and the Preussische Staatsanzeiger– which in effect outed him.

    In 1928 Alex was medically examined twice. The one report said that he had a ‘dual sexuality-bisexuality’ (Doppelgeschlechtigkeit-Bisexualität); the other found him to be female.

    In 1930 he wrote an article for Die Freundin magazine about how the then transvestite scene in Berlin was focused on entertainment and did not cater to the needs of actual transvestites.

    In September 1939, Alex. petitioned for the birth register to be altered to say that he had been a boy, not a girl. Five months later he gave up this attempt as hopeless, but his file was now on a desk at the supervisor of registry offices (Standesämter).

    The Nazi officials who were now running the Standesämter were outraged that such changes of gender were permitted in the Third Reich. They expected the Erfurt Standesamt to rescind the name change, after which the Berlin Transvestitenschein would also be revoked. However a change in the law in 1932 had required an executive decision by the interior administration for such decisions, potentially at ministerial level. Furthermore, from October 1939 all proceedings in change-of-name cases had been suspended for the duration of the war as a labour-saving measure.

    The Standesämter persevered, arguing that this was not a private case but a matter of interest to the state. The Interior Ministry issued a ruling in May 1941. They ruled that as Starke had lived as a man since 1920, it would be an ‘unjustifiable hardship’ and maybe even ‘impossible’ for him to have to start living as a woman. The name change was not to be rescinded, however he was not to be allowed to marry.
    *Not the 21st century actor

    • Alex Starke. „An alle Transvestiten. Die Welt der Transvestiten.“ Die Freundin, 6, 15, 1930.
    • Rainer Herrn, Schnittmuster des Geschlechts. Transvestismus und Transsexualität in der frühen Sexualwissenschaft, Giessen, 2005: 128, 152.
    • Jane Caplan. “The Administration of Gender Identity in Nazi Germany“. History Workshop Journal, 72, Autumn 2011: 174-5

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    North Africa is a difficult place to be trans.  Which is why most persons listed here are emigrants.

    Surgeons & psychiatrists

    • Georges Burou (1910 – 1987) pioneer surgeon in Casablanca, invented penile inversion surgery. 1000s of patients. GVWW
    • Ludwig Levy-Lenz (1889 – 1966) one of Hirschfeld’s surgeons, fled to Egypt in 1936, where he opened a clinic that did transgender surgery. GVWW
    • Ezzat Ashamallah, peformed surgery on Sally Mursi, 1988. He was temporarily suspended from the Doctors’ Syndicate.
    • Mahmoud Eteifi, Asyut, Egypt, arrested 2010 for transgender surgery. NewsArticle
    • Hashem Bahary, psychiatrist, Al Azhar University, Cairo, runs a clinic for trans persons. YouTube.

    Cleric

    Muhammad Sayyid Tantawy (1928 – 2010) grand mufti and then Grand Imam of Al-Azhar Mosque in Cairo, issued a fatwa that Sally Mursi’s change was necessary for her health but that before the operation she should for one year dress, behave and comply with all obligations of Islam for women, except for marital obligations. This fatwa was the first Sunni ruling about sex changes.


    Persons

    1. Hatshepsut (1508 – 1482 BCE) Egyptian Pharaoh who wore the same kilt and false beard as the male pharaohs. EN.WIKIPEDIA
    2. Hasan el Belbeissi (182? - ?) Egyptian belly dancer immortalized by Gustave Flaubert. GVWW
    3. Sisa Abu Daooh (1950 - ), Luxor, Egypt, lived and worked as a man for 40 years. Awarded prize as 'best mother' by President al-Sisi. NewsArticle
    4. Sally Mursi (1966 - ) Cairo, medical student refused completion of studies, dancer. GVWW
    5. Hanan al Tawil (1966 – 2004) actress. GVWW
    6. Noor Talbi (1969 - ) Moroccan dancer, model, actress. GVWW
    7. Nourhan (198? - ) Cairo, engineer, academic at Al Azhar University, transferred to administration. NewsArticle.

    Emigrants


    1. Marcel Oudjman (? - ?) from Algeria, moved to Paris and became owner of La Carrousel and Madame Arthur. Part 1Part II
    2. Dominot (1930 - 2014) from Tunisia, actress, performer in Rome. GVWW
    3. Marie-Pierre Pruvot/ Bambi (1935 - ) from Ysser, Algiers. Became star at Madame Arthur/ La Carrousel. Then a school teacher and a novelist. GVWW
    4. Nana (1939 - ) from Oran, Algeria, became a performer/sex worker in Paris. Later she married. GVWW
    5. Marie-France Garcia (1946 - ) from Oran, Algeria, active in FHAR and Les Gazolines in Paris, also a singer. GVWW
    6. Bibiana Manuala Fernandez Chica (Bibi Andersen) (1954 - ) actress, performer, born in Tangiers, found fame in Spain. GVWWES.Wikipedia
    7. Pascale Ourbih (1972 - ) from Algeria, model, actress Green Party candidate in Paris. GVWW
    8. Randa (198? - ) fled Algeria where her life was threatened. Lives in Lebanon, and is author of The Memoirs of Randa the Trans – first trans autobiography in Arabic.NewsArticle
    9. Carla Massoud, from Egypt, now lives in Germany with her husband. NewsArticleBBC
    10. Achan/Layla Kingston, born in Libya to South Sudanese Dinka Bor parents. Now lives in Pennsylvania. NewsArticle

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    (Phoebe transitioned in Atlanta in the 1960s.   In those days she had great difficulty in finding out about other transsexuals, and in finding any professionals who even knew where to point her, let alone to actually help.   If she were in New York or Paris, she would have had more information even in the 1960s – but she did not know that. Fortunately she was determined.)


    James Smith was born to a family of sharecroppers in Irwin County, US Georgia. His relatives referred to him as a ‘sissy’ from an early age, and he was bullied at school, more so because of his disinterest in sports.

    In September 1953, the family pickup was hit by a flatbed truck. The father had his left arm crushed and had to give up farming; the mother was in constant pain afterwards. They moved to Atlanta. At the new school Smith was called ‘queer’.

    In 1955 a neighbor showed him a magazine article about someone who had a sex-change operation, and asked him why he did not have it also. Smith wrote to a preacher on the radio that he had been listening to, and later phoned him. This was the first time that he ever told someone that he wanted to change sex. The preacher said that he saw nothing wrong or sinful in Smith’s desire, but couldn’t offer any help. In September 1956 Smith attempted suicide by taking his mother’s pain pills. After recovery he insisted on quitting school – he was then seventeen.

    After temporary and part-time work, Smith found a position at Rich’s Department Store where he stayed for ten years. Every now and then there would be an article in the news about a transsexual, but when Smith attempted to correspond with a doctor or psychiatrist, he was told that a change of sex was impossible.

    In November 1961 Smith was called to report to the Draft Board. He explained himself and was classified 4-F. If questioned he said that this was because of a bad back resulting from the 1953 road crash. Around this time, his father driving a cement mixer was hit by a train on a crossing. Smith’s younger brother joined the US Marines, but was discharged after being diagnosed with chronic bronchitis.

    By 1964 Smith had rented a mailbox and was writing letters prolifically: to doctors, to medical universities, to politicians. Many were not answered; some were rudely answered. One, who was helpful, was Amy Larkin, the agony aunt at the Atlanta Constitution (actually a pseudonym for Olive Ann Burns (1924 – 1990) who later became renowned for her novel Cold Sassy Tree). Larkin passed anonymous information about Smith to Harry Benjamin in New York (who was then working with John Money so that the Johns Hopkins Gender Identity Clinic would open the next year). Benjamin wrote back that “there seems very little doubt that this patient is a transsexual”.

    Larkin arranged an appointment with a local endocrinologist, but he, despite the letter from Benjamin, maintained that what was wanted could not be done.

    Smith wrote to the Governor of Georgia who passed the letter to the Dean of the Medical College of Georgia who replied that the surgery was illegal within Georgia.

    Smith contacted Atlanta Constitution journalist, Dick Herbert, who became interested and wrote a sympathetic story (by the standards of the time) using a pseudonym: “Long-Ill Tim Gets New Hope to Solve Endocrine Malady”.

    Smith applied to Georgia Vocational Rehabilitation and Georgia Mental Health Institute. They responded with a mixture of ignoring him, giving a run-around and even rudeness. In 1968 Smith saw Christine Jorgensen on the Merv Griffin television show, and wrote to ask for Christine’s address. Christine put Smith in touch with a doctor, who in turn gave the names and addresses of two surgeons: Dr Burou in Casablanca and Dr Barbosa in Tijuana. Smith decided on the latter.

    In January 1969, Smith moved out of the family home to stay with a friend; resigned his job; sent a letter to his parents saying for the first time that he was transsexual and asking them to borrow $4,200 against their house to lend to him. Smith paid $200 for a flight to Los Angeles, and then took a train to San Diego, crossed the border into Mexico at 2am. After resting in a hotel, Smith arrived at Dr Barbosa’s office – still in male clothes.

    Dr Barbosa examined Smith and then explained that he required a full year of hormone therapy prior to surgery. Further examination discovered a thyroid problem. Dr Barbosa compromised and treatment for the thyroid condition was provided as well as an orchidectomy. While in the clinic, Smith contemplated a female name and decided on Phoebe.

    She had brought a mail-order catalogue with her and made her first purchases of female clothing. On return to Atlanta, Phoebe was welcomed by her family and relatives. The mail-order purchases had arrived, and from that day on, she never wore male clothing again.

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    Continued from Part I.

    Back in Atlanta after a first visit to Dr Barbosa, Phoebe Smith was taken shopping by an aunt who bought her three dresses. Phoebe made an appointment with Harry Benjamin in New York for a hormone prescription. Two aunts and a cousin went to New York with her.

    Phoebe attempted to return to work at Rich’s Department Store, but a few co-workers objected, and the supervisor said no. Phoebe appealed up two levels but without success.

    A gay former co-worker gave a big party to introduce Phoebe to the local gay scene – but she did not feel that she belonged there.  She was interviewed for a local television news program.

    In November Phoebe returned to New York to see Harry Benjamin, and was told that she was ready for the final surgery. She immediately wrote to Dr Barbosa, but he did not reply – by telegram – until March 31 giving an appointment for April 11. She was in the hospital for two weeks, and even when she left was in considerable pain.

    At first she wanted to be open about her past when applying for jobs, but quickly found that that was not going to work. She took the Georgia State Merit test, and got a position in Disease investigation. In May 1971 she transferred to Medicaid.

    She was now undergoing electrolysis, and for a short while worked with a local transsexual support group before it discontinued.

    Phoebe several times met persons who knew someone who knew her previous self, but it did not become a problem. One man threatened to out her if she did not date him. In spring 1974 a trans woman whom Phoebe had spoken to with the support group applied to Medicaid in the hope of having her surgery paid for. They met at the elevator, and the woman introduced herself. This made Phoebe think that everyone was talking about her. A close work friend told her that “we all know and we still love you”.

    In 1975 Phoebe transferred to Family and Children Services. One day a co-worker rushed in and exclaimed: “Y’all, there is a transsexual that works for the State!”. Again it turned out that most of the co-workers already knew, and never said.

    By June 1979 Phoebe had written her first autobiography, Phoebe. She self-published it and
    advertised in trans newsletters. A thousand copies were printed, and a New York bookstore bought four hundred. Reactions at work were mixed. People she had not previously known became friendly; no man at work ever asked her out again.

    In 1980 she put together a brochure, “The Journey from One to Forty was Difficult but Successful”. It included a photograph of herself at age one with father, and a photo at age 40. It criticized the report from Jon Meyers of John Hopkins of the previous year that had been used as an excuse to close its Gender Identity Clinic.

    “I have worked for the State of Georgia for almost ten years. During my fourth year of employment, knowledge of my surgery became widespread. It was upsetting, but also a big relief to get it in the open.”
    Later that year a new communications office was established, and Phoebe became its supervisor, but with a pay cut.

    The sale of the autobiography resulted in mail, much of it from persons seeking information. This led to the idea of a newsletter, The Transsexual Voice. The first two issues were complimentary, and 30 copies were printed. Within a few months there were over 100 subscribers.

    A subscriber contacted her wanting to find someone to train in electrolysis. Phoebe jumped at the chance and for the next 15 years they worked on each other.

    By the mid-1980s there were over 300 subscribers including Leo Wollman, Rupert Raj and Michelle Hunt. Phoebe mailed packets of transsexual-related material to newspaper editors, television news programs, talk show hosts etc. Very few responded.

    Through the 1980s Phoebe’s family health problems deteriorated. Her younger brother was diagnosed with cancer, and died at age 40. Her father died age 74 in 1989 after various health problems. Her mother needed daily care such that Phoebe had to discontinue The Transsexual Voice in 1995. Her mother died in 1998, when Phoebe was 59.

    She retired in in 2000. She had worked for the State of Georgia for almost 30 years.
    • Phoebe Smith. Phoebe. P Smith Pub Ind, 1979.
    • Phoebe Smith. “FMI Forum: The Transsexual Voice”. Female Mimics International, 14,6, 1985. Online. This is the 1980 brochure, which is also found p106-8 in Phoebe’s 2015 book.
    • Rupert Raj. “Tribute to Phoebe Smith”. Twenty Minutes, August 1989:3. Online.
    • Joanne Meyerowitz. How Sex Changed: A History of Transsexuality in the United States. Harvard University Press, 2002:158.
    • Phoebe Smith. From Sharecropper's Son to Who's Who in American Women. CreateSpace, 2014.
    • Eve Shapiro. Gender Circuits: Bodies and Identities in a Technological Age: Second edition. Routledge, 2015: 158.
    • Dallas Denny. “Creating Community: A History of Early Transgender Support in Atlanta”. dallasdenny.com, Nov 7, 2015. Online.
    _____________________

    Dr Barbosa’s $4,000 fee in 1969 would be $26,600 now!

    Phoebe arrived for the first time at Dr Barbosa’s office only two months after Lynn Conway had completed surgery there.

    There is no mention at all of Phoebe in Wesley Chenault, Stacy Lorraine Braukman, Gay and Lesbian Atlanta, Arcadia Pub 2008. Come to that, there is no mention of Jayne County or Dallas Denny either.

    Phoebe had started electrolysis in 1971, after her two surgeries. In 1981 she trained as an electrologist and then for 15 years she and one other worked on each other. That is 25 years of electrolysis. I was done and complete in less than two years in the mid-1980s. Presumably there was not an electrologist in the Atlanta area at that time who knew how to do it on transsexuals.

    It is striking in Phoebe’s autobiography that there is no mention at all of other trans people in Atlanta other than the trans woman who attempted to apply for Medicaid. The famous Atlanta trans women – Jayne County, Diamond Lil, Lady Bunny, RuPaul – were of a performance persuasion, and mostly took off for New York. However, apart from that there was trans man Jerry Montgomery, and Dallas Denny, who arrived in Atlanta in 1989. AEGIS and Southern Comfort Conference were established in Atlanta shortly afterwards.


    Dallas Danny says: “With the Louisiana-based Erickson foundation no longer in operation, Phoebe’s Transsexual Voice was so far as I know for many years the only peer-produced transsexual-specific support publication in the world. Phoebe produced the last issue in 1995. It was an astonishing run, and helped thousands of people.”

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    Phillip Forrester was born and raised in Savannah, Georgia. He was in drag at age 5, and as a child sang on Savannah radio.

    At Halloween 1953, he and a drag friend got dolled up and crashed a party at a local American legion. Only after several drinks did it come out that they were not cis women. They quickly left but driving home they were followed by two soldiers who shot out a tire on their car, and Forrester was orally raped.

    "It was so scary: there's no words for it. But I made a decision that night that I was out. A real weird way to come out, though."
    The first public drag performance was at age 18. She was popular with sailors in the port and would perform on ships docked there. Eventually this led to Forrester being discharged from the Georgia Air National Guard, and fired from a secretarial job at the Seaboard Railroad. The Savannah police arrested her several times, once on a drummed-up loitering charge.

    It was time to move and she arrived in Atlanta in 1965. At that time she had a husband, and they started a small antiques shop near Peachtree and 11th Streets. That area became ‘the Strip’ where bohemians and gays were to be found.

    She dabbled in drag shows using the name Leslie Diamond. Jayne County wrote in her autobiography:
    “It was considered a very big deal to go to straight clubs and pass as a woman, and there weren’t many of the queens who could pull it off. One who could was an older queen called Diamond Lil, who was the mother of all the young street queens in Atlanta.”
    In 1968 a friend asked Diamond to headline a new drag show at Mrs P’s, a restaurant in the basement of the Ponce de Leon Hotel. There was an arrangement with the police: only on week-nights, and the show was not to be advertised. She took the name Diamond Lil as a last minute inspiration on the opening night. At first she mouthed to Motown records, but started singing with her own voice – one of only a few drag performers to do so.

    For six months in 1970 there was a bar called the Club Centaur. Diamond and another drag artist, Phyllis Killer, performed backed by a live band. Diamond became known for her hard-driving rock’n’roll songs. She added in her own songs, and released them on 45s – some of them were played on jukeboxes across the city.

    Diamond performed several times for the Georgia Gay Liberation Front. She also wrote, for the alternate weekly, The Great Speckled Bird, the first time after being caught in a police raid on a club in Savannah in 1970.
    Diamond Lil, mid 1980s


    In the early 1970s, Diamond moved to Sweet Gum Head, a focal point for the burgeoning drag scene. Other performers included Rachel Wells, Lavita Allen and Charlie Brown.

    In 1972 Diamond did a benefit for the Committee on Gay Education at the University of Georgia and sang “Stand by Your Man.” UGA officials did all they could to throw the COGE off campus, but Lil’s support gave COGE financial backing and a public profile.

    Diamond started a column in the gay paper, Sunset People, and then in the nightlife magazine, Cruise.





    In 1984 Diamond Lil put out a full LP of original material, The Queen of Diamonds/Silver Grill. She was an acknowledged influence on  Lady Bunny and RuPaul who started out in Atlanta at this time. However, by then Diamond was losing her fans to AIDS. There were fewer places to perform, and she reduced her performances and concentrated on a new antiques business. She was writing for the bar magazine Etcetera– these articles were often obituaries.

    In the 1990s she had a few revival shows. In 2002 she re-released her album on CD. She put out two more albums: Live at the Moonshadow Saloon, 2004, and Verge, Vigor and Vim, 2007. In 2014 the readers of the Georgia Voice newspaper voted her Best Icon; in 2015 Atlanta Pride and Touching Up Our Roots honored her in the first ever Our Founding Valentines event. After a struggle with cancer, Lil was moved into a hospice. She died age 80.

    Lady Bunny is quoted in The Atlanta Journal Constitution:

    "She was singing with a live band and I had never heard of a drag queen doing that. That really helped shaped my experience because it was not disco music, it was rock 'n' roll and it was original. What always interested me about Diamond Lil, she broke the boundaries of what most drag queens thought they could do. Most thought they could either lip sync or do a celebrity impersonation and she said no, I’m going to front a rock band and do original music...I did love the mock grandeur of her. I totally bought it, when you were in the same room with her, she was regal. She really was magic. She really was unique."




    • Diamond Lil. ‘Diamond Lil, Most Glamorous Queen in the World, In Captivity’. The Great Speckled Bird, 3, 38, September 28, 1970:10-11. Online.
    • Jayne County with Rupert Smith. Man Enough to be a Woman. Serpent's Tail, 1995: 29- 30, 160.
    • James T. Sears, Rebels, Rubyfruit, and Rhinestones: Queering Space in the Stonewall South. Rutgers University Press, 2001: 81, 159.
    • Tray Butler. “God save the Queen: If Diamond Lil is the grand dame of Atlanta drag, why can't she get a steady gig?” Creative Loafing, Oct 9, 2003. Online.
    • Wesley Chenault & Stacy Braukman. Gay and Lesbian Atlanta. Arcadia Pub, 2008: 55, 62
    • Patrick Saunders. “Atlanta drag icon Diamond Lil dies at 80”. Georgia Voice, August 9, 2016. Online.
    • Shane Harrison. “Pioneering Atlanta drag performer Diamond Lil has died”. The Atlanta Journal Constitution, August 10, 2016. Online.
    Diamond Lil in The Great Speckled Bird      Discogs           RateYourMusic.
    ____________


    Other Diamond Lils.


    Honora Ornstein, from Austria-Hungary, performed during the Klondike Gold Rush in the 1890s.

    Evelyn Hildegard, also from Austria-Hungary, performer in California and Nevada in early 20th century. Later a brothel keeper.

    A 1928 play by Mae West, the basis of the 1933 film, She Done Him Wrong.

    Katie Glass, a female wrestler in South Carolina in 1960s-1970s.

    Trans woman performer in Hackney, London 1940s-1960s.

    Marcus Craig New Zealand drag performer as Diamond Lil from 1972.

    The 1970s rock group from Essex.

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  • 12/05/17--19:46: Some thoughts on Timelines

  • Timelines, sometimes called Chronologies. Many Timelines of LGBT or just trans history are found on the Internet. Some are quite good, others are pretty bad.

    Wikipedia

    EN.Wikipedia has Timelines, which it usually calls LGBT History. Here is one for Canada. Note the almost total lack of trans content. Where is Diane Boileau, The Clarke Institute, Rupert Raj, Aaron Devore, Toby Dancer, Viviane Namaste? And therefore why call it LGBT rather than LGB?

    Here is the EN.Wikipedia Timeline on US Georgia. It contains no trans events at all, and in its Notable LGBT Georgians section, the closest it comes to a trans person is RuPaul.

    Gay History Wiki

    What about Gay History Wiki? Here is its Georgia Chronology. It actually lists several trans persons – but only those who were murdered! Of those who thrived, who organized, who wrote, who performed – not a word.

    OutHistory

    What about OutHistory.org. They have a page: Out in Atlanta: Atlanta’s Gay and Lesbian Communities Since Stonewall: A Chronology, 1969-2012, which does not claim to include trans events but does mention various trans marches and Southern Comfort Conference. But no trans individuals are mentioned.

    On the other hand the same site has Las Vegas Transgender which is actually quite informative.

    How about universal or national trans Timelines?


    T-Vox
    The one at T-Vox (which is UK centric) is worth looking at. However it make nonsense claims such as that Hirschfeld coined ‘transvestite’, and of the Berlin trans women only Lili Elevenes (Elbe) is mentioned; Toni Ebel and Dorchen Richter are ignored. The Beaumont Society is mentioned but not Virginia Prince or Tri-Ess. And what happened to Charlotte Bach and Victor Barker? Where is Yvonne Sinclair?

    Mercedes Allen
    Mercedes Allen did a US-centric trans Timeline in 2008 and published it in six parts on Bilerico Project:

    · Trans Expression in Ancient Times
    · The Rise of Hatred (Middle Ages)
    · Into the Modern Age (1700s - 1932)
    · From Germany to Stonewall (1933 - 1968)
    · Stonewall and Its Fissures (1969 - 1995)
    · Toward the Future (1996 - 2007)

    This is certainly one of the better Timelines. It does include Violet Morris, but not Victor Barker, “Lili Elbe” but not Toni Ebel and Dorchen Richter, ignores sexologist Bernard Talmey and Benjamin’s first trans patient Otto Spengler.

    Pierre-Henri Castel
    The most detailed trans Timeline was compiled by Pierre-Henri Castel with Bernice Hausman, Heike Boedeker & Geneviève Morel, and was published as an appendix to Castel’s book La métamorphose impensable: essai sur le transsexualisme et l'identité personnelle. Gallimard, 2003. The Timeline is France-centric but includes much from the UK and North America. The emphasis is on professionals and publications, and actual trans persons only pop up here and there. For example neither Violet Morris nor Victor Barker are even mentioned. Coccinelle is in, but not Bambi. The timeline is online in two parts:

    1910-1972
    1973-1998.

     

    GVWW

    Within this encyclopedia I have included several Timelines:
    The Eurovision Song Contest
    Trans Persons acting in soap operas, telenovelas and other dramatic serials on television
    A Blanchard-Binary Timeline - Part 1: to 2000
    A Blanchard-Binary Timeline - Part 2: 2001-10
    TG, Word and concepts: Part 2: The early years up to 1990
    TG, Word and concepts: Part 3: The full-blown usage after 1990
    Sport Gender & Trans - part 1: to 1945
    Sport Gender & Trans - part 2: the Cold War
    Sport Gender & Trans - part 3: recent developments
    Trans in Prison: Part 1 - to the conviction of Oscar Wilde
    Trans in Prison: Part 2 - to Stonewall
    Trans in Prison: Part 3 - to Framer v. Brennan
    Trans in Prison: Part 4 - to the Synthia Kavanagh Human Rights Case
    Trans in Prison: Part 5 - to the New Prison Guidelines
    Trans in Prison: Part 6 - Comments & Bibliography

    To do a universal Trans timeline would be an enormous task. However I will now be doing a series on smaller areas – cities or close-by cities.


    This is in addition to the series of Trans persons who changed thing at the country or multi-country level.

    0 0


    This first local trans Timeline, is centred on the US Georgia cities of Atlanta and Savannah. We juxtapose Phoebe Smith, Jayne County, Dallas Denny, Diamond Lil, Lady Chablis etc. A criticism of Smith’s book is the total lack of mention of what other trans persons were doing. Smith is rightly lauded for The Transsexual Voice 1980-95. However it is important to remember that Diamond Lil had been writing for the Great Speckled Bird and then other alternate and gay publications from 1970 onwards.

    I partially quote the 1968 Atlanta police ordinance against cross-dressing. There were earlier ones, but I did not find details of them – note that Francis Renault complained about such in 1913. The list of such ordinances included in Susan Stryker’s Transgender History does not include Atlanta.

    I could not find precise dates for the Georgia Mental Health Institute gender clinic, or for the Montgomery Medical and Psychological Institute. I have put an entry for these two under ??unknown rather than a specific year.

    1539


    The Spanish invasion pushed some of the Timucua tribe into what is now Georgia. Timucua Two-spirit persons were often healers, and played an important role in funerals. By 1595 the Timucuan population had shrunk by 75%, mainly from the new diseases and war. By 1700 only 1000 survived, and the British killed or enslaved those. They are extinct.

    1783


    Upon independence from the United Kingdom, Georgia retained most laws imposed under British rule, but did not retain the 16th century anti-buggery laws.

    1817


    First anti-sodomy law in Georgia.

    The Cherokee were the first Indigenous people to become US citizens. Two-spirit terms: nudale asgaya , nudale agehya, asegi.

    1833


    Georgia anti-sodomy law amended: "carnal knowledge and connection against the order of nature by man with man, or in the same unnatural manner with woman" was outlawed on force of life imprisonment with labor.

    1836-9


    The forced removal of Cherokee from Georgia to Oklahoma, resulting in 4000 deaths.

    1894


    First sodomy conviction in Georgia goes to the State Supreme Court featuring two boys under 14, one of whom was sentenced to two years.

    Atlanta Constitution re Renault and police force

    1913


    Female impersonator Antonio Auriema /Francis Renault performed in Atlanta and contested local
    ordinance banning cross-dressing, to the consternation of the local police.

    1935


    The future Diamond Lil born in Savannah.

    1937


    Dr Newdigate Owensby (1882-1952) of Atlanta began treating LGBT persons with Metrazol (aka Pentylenetetrazol) which at high doses causes causes convulsions.

    1939


    The future Phoebe Smith born in Irwin County, Georgia.

    Ella Thompson and one other had been convicted on “an indictment charging her with sodomy, both participants in the act being alleged to be female”. Thompson appealed and the Georgia Supreme Court rules that the sodomy law did not apply to two women, as the law specifies: “against the order of nature by man with man, or in the same unnatural manner with woman” – therefore not two women.

    1940


    Dr Owensby published a paper in the Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases presenting several cases where he claimed that using Matrazol to induce multiple seizures resulted in LGBT persons being ‘cured’, including Case 3, aged 44, who previously had been proud of being a ‘man-woman’. No other doctor ever replicated such results.

    1944


    The future Catherine Jones born in Atlanta.

    1947


    Wayne Rogers (future Jayne County) born in Dallas, a suburb of Atlanta.

    1949


    State Sodomy Law amended, reducing the compulsory life sentence to 1-10 years. However it was gradually expanded in breadth to include such as fellatio.

    1951

    Guy Dobbs was performing in drag at the Supper Club.

    1953


    Halloween: Diamond Lil and a drag friend got dolled up and crashed a party at a local American legion in Savannah. Only after several drinks did it come out that they were not cis women. They quickly left but driving home they were followed by two soldiers who shot out a tire on their car, and Lil was orally raped. "It was so scary: there's no words for it. But I made a decision that night that I was out. A real weird way to come out, though."

    1955


    Diamond Lil’s first drag performances in Savannah. She was popular with sailors in the port and would perform on ships docked there. Eventually this led to her male persona being discharged from the Georgia Air National Guard, and fired from a secretarial job at the Seaboard Railroad. The Savannah police arrested her several times, once on a drummed-up loitering charge.

    Guy Dobbs was managing the Queen of Clubs, and brought in female impersonators such as Bobbie Larr from New Orleans. He also performed in drag as ‘Terry Lynn’ – mainly in heterosexual supper clubs. The Queen of Clubs touted its uniqueness in featuring female impersonators.

    1956


    Christine Jorgensen tour played six days at the Steak Ranch, Atlanta.

    1958


    Mobster Vito Genovese, owner of the drag nightclub, the 82 Club in New York, and other gay bars, was convicted of heroin trafficking, and sentenced to 15 years in Atlanta Federal Penitentiary.

    1959


    The pre-transition Phoebe Smith found a position at Rich’s department store and stayed for ten years. Every now and then there would be an article in the news about a transsexual, but when Smith attempted to correspond with a doctor or psychiatrist, was told that a change of sex was impossible.

    1960


    Benjamin Dickerson born in Atlanta.

    1961


    Phoebe Smith called to draft board and classified 4-F because of desire for sex-change

    1964


    Amy Larkin, the agony aunt at the Atlanta Constitution (actually a pseudonym for Olive Ann Burns (1924 – 1990) who later became renowned for her novel Cold Sassy Tree) communicated with Phoebe Smith. Larkin passed anonymous information about Smith to Harry Benjamin in New York. Benjamin wrote back that “there seems very little doubt that this patient is a transsexual”. Larkin arranged an appointment with a local endocrinologist, but he, despite the letter from Benjamin, maintained that what was wanted could not be done.

    Wayne Rogers (later to be Jayne County) lived in the Marietta suburb of Altanta. Wayne started going out dressed female. He also found a copy of John Rechy's City of Night and immediately identified with Miss Destiny, and Kenneth (later Katherine) Marlowe's Mister Madam.

    1965


    Smith wrote to the Governor of Georgia who passed the letter to the Dean of the Medical College of Georgia who replied that the transgender surgery was illegal within Georgia.

    Wayne became a Screaming Queen: they wore make-up, screamed at boys and ran away. The local word for that was 'wrecking’. The other queens were referred to as Miss Cocks, Miss Hair, Miss Car, and Davinia Daisy who passed well.

    A person we know only as ‘Queen Elizabeth’ got a job in Davison’s department store as a model. One day the boss walked in as she was changing and saw her penis. She was immediately fired.

    Diamond Lil arrived in Atlanta. At that time she had a husband, and they started a small antiques shop near Peachtree and 11th Streets. She dabbled in drag shows. According to Jayne County, Diamond was one of only a few who could pass in straight clubs.

    1966


    Smith contacted Atlanta Constitution journalist, Dick Herbert, who became interested and wrote a sympathetic story (by the standards of the time) using a pseudonym: “Long-Ill Tim Gets New Hope to Solve Endocrine Malady”.

    Wayne got a Yankee boyfriend, and they got a flat together – the first time that he left home. By now Wayne was a gay hippy rather than a screaming queen. He did his first drag performances miming to Dusty Springfield and Janis Joplin at the hippy bar, The Catacombs, on the corner of 14th Street. Diamond Lil also performed there.

    The woman that Jones became many years later
    The future artist Catherine Jones attended Georgia State College, married and they had a daughter.

    Inman Clarke moved to Atlanta after army service, and founded a drag group, the Sir-Premes.

    1967


    Wayne took the Greyhound bus to New York City for $25 ($175 in modern money). He survived by meeting people in the Stonewall Inn, but could not afford a winter coat, so in September phoned his father for money and returned to Atlanta.

    Phoebe Smith applied to Georgia Vocational Rehabilitation and Georgia Mental Health Institute. They responded with a mixture of ignoring her, giving a run-around and even rudeness.

    1968


    February. The Police Committee passed an Ordinance“to make it Unlawful for Persons of one sex to Impersonate, Masquerade or Disguise themselves as being of another sex to aid in the commission of unlawful acts”.

    Billy Jones, from Griffin, Georgia, was one of the first to perform in drag in the new gay bars, that were frequently raided by the police.

    Phoebe Smith saw Christine Jorgensen on the Merv Griffin television show, and wrote to ask for Christine’s address. Christine put Smith in touch with a doctor, who in turn gave the names and addresses of two surgeons: Dr Burou in Casablanca and Dr Barbosa in Tijuana. Smith decided on the latter.

    Wayne County trained as a male nurse and worked in an old-folks' ward. One night Wayne "in hippy chick drag" took his mother's car but was stopped by the police. He was let out on bail, but the hospital was informed and he lost his job the next day. He took the Greyhound to New York City again.

    A friend asked Diamond Lil to headline a new drag show at Mrs P’s, a restaurant in the basement of the Ponce de Leon Hotel. There was an arrangement with the police: only on week-nights, and the show was not to be advertised. At first Lil mouthed to Motown records, but started singing with her own voice – one of only a few drag performers to do so.

    1969


    January: Phoebe Smith attends Dr Jose Jesus Barbosa in Tijuana. Is treated for thyroid disorder and given an orchiectomy.

    Phoebe returns to Atlanta and starts living as female. Visits Harry Benjamin in New York for hormone prescription.

    Phoebe attempted to return to work at Rich’s Department Store, but a few co-workers objected, and the supervisor said no. Phoebe appealed up two levels but without success.

    August 11: Atlanta police raided George Ellis’ Film Forum, which was showing the Andy Warhol movie Lonesome Cowboys, with drag actress Francis Francine, and took photos of audience members.

    November: Phoebe returned to Harry Benjamin and was told that she was ready for final surgery.

    1970


    April: Phoebe Smith’s final surgery with Dr Barbosa in Tijuana.

    Phoebe took the Georgia State Merit test, and got a position in Disease investigation department.

    For six months there was a bar called the Club Centaur. Diamond and another drag artist, Phyllis Killer, performed backed by a live band. Diamond became known for her hard-driving rock’n’roll songs. She added in her own songs, and released them on 45s – some of them were played on jukeboxes across the city.

    Diamond performed several times for the Georgia Gay Liberation Front. She also wrote, for the alternate weekly, The Great Speckled Bird, the first time after being caught in a police raid on a club in Savannah in 1970. This was one the very first examples of a trans woman writing about being trans.

    October 31: first Miss Gay Atlanta Pageant.

    1971


    May: Phoebe transferred to working in the Georgia Medicaid department.

    Phoebe now undergoing electrolysis, and for a short while worked with a local transsexual support group before it discontinued.

    Diamond moved to Sweet Gum Head, a focal point for the burgeoning drag scene. Other performers included Rachel Wells, Lavita Allen and Charlie Brown.

    First Atlanta Gay Pride parade was organized by the Georgia Gay Liberation Front.

    1972


    Diamond did a benefit for the Committee on Gay Education at the University of Georgia and sang “Stand by Your Man.” UGA officials did all they could to throw the COGE off campus, but Lil’s support gave COGE financial backing and a public profile. Diamond started a column in the gay paper, Sunset People, and then in the nightlife magazine, Cruise.

    Mickey Day moved to Atlanta from Indianapolis. His drag show became a regular at the Onyx Club.

    Kitty Collins
    Kitty Collins , Lilly White and Rachel Wells started doing drag shows.

    Rachel Wells elected Miss Gay Atlanta.

    First Atlanta area Metropolitan Community Church congregation was established.

    ??unknown years


    Despite how they had treated Phoebe Smith, the Georgia Mental Health Institute started a gender clinic, and provided hormones and surgery for a select few. However the Sunday Atlanta Journal and Constitution announced the use of federal dollars by the Georgia Department of Vocational Rehabilitation to fund two male-to-female sex reassignment surgeries, and later the clinic was closed.

    1974


    Spring: a trans woman whom Phoebe had spoken to with the support group applied to Medicaid in the hope of having her surgery paid for. They met at the elevator, and the woman introduced herself. This made Phoebe think that everyone was talking about her. A close work friend told her that “we all know and we still love you”.

    Atlanta Barb, the state's first gay newspaper.

    1975


    Phoebe transferred to Family and Children Services. One day a co-worker rushed in and exclaimed: “Y’all, there is a transsexual that works for the State!” Again it turned out that most of the co-workers already knew, and never said.

    15-year-old RuPaul Charles moved to Atlanta from San Diego, to study performing arts.

    Tina Devore moved to Atlanta from Florida, and quickly found work as a drag performer.

    1976


    Atlanta Gay Center was first opened.

    Lena Lust

    1977


    Rachel Wells elected Miss Gay Georgia.

    Lena Lust , from Chicago, drag performer, arrived in Atlanta.

    1978


    Kitty Collins, Lily White and Alvina Laverne performed as the Grease Sisters.

    Rachel Wells elected Miss Gay America 1979.

    1979


    June: Phoebe Smith wrote her first autobiography, Phoebe. She self-published it and advertised in
    trans newsletters. A thousand copies were printed, and a New York bookstore bought four hundred. Reactions at work were mixed. People she had not previously known became friendly; no man at work ever asked her out again.
    • Phoebe Smith. Phoebe. P Smith Pub Ind, 1979.
    Charlie Brown, female impersonator, moved to Atlanta from Kentucky.

    Cheryl Courtney-Evans, who had transitioned in Kansas City in 1974, moved to Atlanta.

    1980


    Phoebe put together a brochure, “The Journey from One to Forty was Difficult but Successful”. It included a photograph of herself at age one with father, and a photo at age 40. It criticized the report from Jon Meyers of John Hopkins of the previous year that had been used as an excuse to close its Gender Identity Clinic. “I have worked for the State of Georgia for almost ten years. During my fourth year of employment, knowledge of my surgery became widespread. It was upsetting, but also a big relief to get it in the open.”

    The sale of the autobiography resulted in mail, much of it from persons seeking information. This led to the idea of a newsletter, The Transsexual Voice. The first two issues were complimentary, and 30 copies were printed. Within a few months there were over 100 subscribers.


    A subscriber contacted her wanting to find someone to train in electrolysis. Phoebe jumped at the chance and for the next 15 years they worked on each other.

    Continued in Part II.

    ______________________

    In 1965 Phoebe Smith was working at Rich's department store and "Queen Elizabeth" was modelling at Davison's department store.  So there is no reason to assume that Phoebe would even know about, much less meet "Elizabeth".   What we know about "Elizabeth" is taken from Jayne County, Man Enough to be a Woman: 23.   However in Simon Reynold's Shock and Awe: Glam Rock and Its Legacy, from the Seventies to the Twenty-First Century: 383 we find a loose retelling of the anecdote claiming that "Elizabeth" modelled at Rich's.  It that were so, Phoebe and "Elizabeth" may have met.   But it wasn't so!

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    1981


    Divine and Christine Jorgensen appeared at first annual party of the Limelight disco in Atlanta.

    Elvira/Cassandra Peterson, hired to host a Los Angeles horror show, copied look that Atlanta drag performer Lily White had in 1970s.

    1982


    Lady Bunny moved to Atlanta from Tennessee.

    1984


    300 subscribers to The Transsexual Voice including Leo Wollman, Rupert Raj and Michelle Hunt. Phoebe mailed packets of transsexual-related material to newspaper editors, television news programs, talk show hosts etc. Very few responded.

    Diamond Lil put out a full LP of original material, The Queen of Diamonds/Silver Grill. She was an
    acknowledged influence on performers Lady Bunny and RuPaul who started out in Atlanta at this time. However, by then Diamond was losing her fans to AIDS. There were fewer places to perform, and she reduced her performances and concentrated on a new antiques business. She was writing for the bar magazine Etcetera – these articles were often obituaries.



    Benjamin Dickerson, blues punk queer drag queen, in Opal Foxx and other bands.

    Lady Bunny moves on to New York.


    ?? unknown years


    The Montgomery Medical and Psychological Institute started by trans man Jerry Montgomery and his wife Lynn who had been a nurse at the Georgia Mental Health Institute Gender Clinic. The Institute published a newslatter, trained supportive professionals and liaised with gay and lesbian groups.

    1985

    • Phoebe Smith. “FMI Forum: The Transsexual Voice”. Female Mimics International, 14,6, 1985 Online. This is a reprint of the 1980 brochure,
    Trans performer Bobbie Holliday moved to Atlanta, had gender surgery, and changed her legal name to Jennifer North.

    Tina Devore elected Miss Black America.







    1986


    Michael Hardwick, had been arrested under the sodomy law for fellatio, and the ACLU had challenged the Georgia Sodomy law as unconstitutional. This reached the US Supreme Court where the law was upheld.

    1987


    Jayne County had not been home for 20 years. She phoned her mother and proposed a visit. She got a gig at Atlanta's Club Rio and attempted to find those she knew from the 1960s, but could find only Diamond Lil. She was introduced to the rising stars RuPaul and Deandra Peak. To visit her parents she really dressed down. She ended up staying the summer.

    Film RuPaul Is: Starbooty! , a pastiche of 1960s Blaxploitation films, starring Rupaul and Lady Bunny.

    RuPaul left for New York.

    Dee Dee Chamblee diagnosed as HIV+

    1988


    Tina Devore elected Miss Gay South USofA.

    1989


    • Rupert Raj. “Tribute to Phoebe Smith”. Twenty Minutes, August 1989:3.  Online.
    Dallas Denny living in Tennessee, “I chanced across a copy of IFGE’s TV-TSTapestry magazine and saw a listing for a TS support group in Atlanta. It was exactly what I had been searching for—for years. I phoned daily for several months, at all hours. I left message after message, but none were returned. Finally, someone answered the phone. It was Lynn and Jerry’s nephew, Scott. Several weeks later I drove to Atlanta for an intake interview and my first support group meeting.” Lynn & Jerry of the Montgomery Medical and Psychological Institute, that is.

    December: Dallas Denny, recruited to work at the Montgomery Medical and Psychological Institute, moved to live in Atlanta.

    Jennifer North died of complications from Aids.

    1990


    Dallas Denny found a full-time professional job as a behavior specialist working for DeKalb County.
    Tension developed with the Montgomeries. Dallas moved out of their house and launched the nonprofit American Educational Gender Information Service and launched the groundbreaking publication Chrysalis Quarterly.

    The Sigma Epsilon Chapter of the Society for the Second Self, hesitant to risk exposure of its mostly Atlanta-based members, had been meeting on alternate months in Chattanooga, Tennessee and Charlotte, North Carolina. The chapter began to meet in Atlanta. Under the leadership of Linda Peacock, a wife of a crossdresser, the weekend-long meetings were open to transpeople of all types.

    Sabrina Marcus, on a trip to Boston, asked the International Foundation for Gender Education to start a trans conference in the South. IFGE said no, but agreed to send a team to Atlanta to show the locals how to put one together. In the early fall of 1990 IFGE’s Merissa Sherrill Lynn and Yvonne Cook-Riley flew to Atlanta and met with representatives from every group in the South at the La Quinta Inn on Piedmont. There were representatives from AEGIS, AGE, Sigma Epsilon, The Montgomery Foundation, Asheville’s Phoenix Transgender Support Group, and groups from Florida, Virginia, Louisiana, and as far away as Texas. This consortium planned and held the first Southern Comfort Conference the next year.

    RuPaul became known on Atlanta club scene.

    Murdered in Atlanta: Edna Brown, shot dead.


    1991


    First Southern Comfort Conference. It was the held annually in Atlanta until 2014.

    Amber Richards elected Miss Continental, and Miss Gay Georgia USofA.

    Murdered in Atlanta: Huriell Lockett, shot; Rhonda Star, shot; unknown person, blow to head; Jean Powell, shot.

    1992


    Benjamin Dickerson co-founder of band Smoke.

    Sophia Pastel died after silicone injection. Fred Kennedy Glenn later charged.

    Murdered in Atlanta: Anthony Swain, shot; unknown person, shot; Derry Glenn, shot.

    At least 12 trans women of color, mainly sex workers, were murdered over a few years. Dallas Denny appeared on local TV after each discovery. She urged the police to admit that there was a serial killer, but they never admitted to it.


    1993


    The Sigma Epsilon Chapter acquired a new leader who enforced Tri-Ess National’s xenophobic no-gays no-transsexuals rule.

    Unsuccessful attempt to repeal the sodomy law.

    Tina Devore elected Miss gay Georgia USofA,


    1994


    Lady Chablis featured as a major character in John Berendt’s Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil, set in Savannah.




    • Lynn & Jerry Montgomery. Transition to Completion: The TS Journey. Montgomery Institute, 1994. 
    • John Berendt. Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil: A Savannah Story. Random House,1994.


    1995


    Because of family health problems taking her time and energy, Phoebe discontinued The Transsexual Voice.

    The political group Trans=Action and LaGender, started by black transwoman DeeDee Chamble.
    • Jayne County with Rupert Smith. Man Enough to be a Woman. Serpent's Tail, 1995.








    Murdered in Atlanta: Quincy Taylor, shot.

    1996


    1996 Olympics held in Atlanta. Brazilian judoka Edinanci Fernandes da Silva and 7 others fail the new Y-region sex test, but allowed to compete anyway after further examination. 3 had Complete AIS, and 4 had Partial AIS. 29 GLBT competitors, 15 win medals.

    Maxwell Anderson, lecturer and tax expert moved to Atlanta area.

    Erin Swenson, Presbyterian minister, transitioned and retained ordination. First known mainstream Protestant minister n US to make an open gender transition while remaining in ordained office.

    • Lady Chablis & Theodore Bouloukos. Hiding My Candy: The Autobiography of the Grand Empress of Savannah. Pocket Books, 1996.

    Amber Richards died of smoke inhalation when her house caught on fire.

    1997


    After lobbying for the part, Lady Chablis played herself in Clint Eastwood’s film adaptation of Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil. The first major Hollywood film to cast a trans woman, and to not kill the character, pathologize her or laugh at her.

    Robert Eads, refused treatment in Florida for ovarian cancer, accepted at Medical College of Georgia.
    Benjamin Dickerson provided music for film The Shop Below the Busy Road.

    1998

    Robert Eads filmed for what will become the documentary Southern Comfort. He makes a last
    appearance at Southern Comfort Conference and addresses a crowd of 500.






    Jamie Roberts, 26, began transition while at law school at the University of Georgia.

    Georgia Supreme Court struck down the sodomy law in a case of heterosexual oral sex.

    1999


    Jamie Roberts joined Atlanta Gender Expressions.

    Robert Eads died of cancer in a nursing home in Toccoa, Georgia at age of 53.

    Benjamin Dickerson died age 39 of AIDS related problems.

    Murdered in Cordele, Georgia: Tracy Thompson, beaten with a baseball bat.

    Murdered in Savannah: “Charles” Bolden.

    2000


    Phoebe Smith retired in in 2000. She had worked for the State of Georgia for almost 30 years.

    Maxwell Anderson co-chair 10th Southern Comfort Convention.

    Posthumous film Benjamin Smoke.

    Murdered in Savannah: Billy Jean Lavette.

    2001


    Documentary film Southern Comfort released.

    Shelley Emerson announces to boss that will transition.

    Murdered in Ashburn, Georgia: Robert Martin, severely beaten.

    2002


    Diamond Lil re-released her 1984 album on CD.

    Shelley Emerson starts transition, and is in a small transition group led by the Rev Erin Swenson. She has facial surgery with Dr Suporn in Thailand.

    2003


    Shelley returns to Dr Suporn for genital surgery.

    Diane Schroer, prominent US military person, building up to transition, attended the Southern Comfort Conference . “For the first time in my life I spent an extended period of time as a woman.”

    2004


    CD by Diamond Lil: Live at the Moonshadow Saloon.

    Murdered in Atlanta: Precious Armani, 37, shot.

    2005


    Shelley Emerson first transgender woman to lead Fourth Tuesday, a lesbian social and community service organization. Emerson is also the first transgender person to be named a Grand Marshall of the annual Atlanta Pride Parade.


    2007


    CD by Diamond Lil: Verge, Vigor and Vim.

    Anderson Toone performed at the Southern Comfort Conference.

    Tristan Skye founded TransAmerica, later renamed TQ Nation.

    Cheryl Courtney-Evans founded Transgender Individuals Living Their Truth.

    Vandy Glenn, legislative editor at Georgia General Assembly, started transition, fired.

    2008


    • Wesley Chenault, Stacy Lorraine Braukman, Gay and Lesbian Atlanta, Arcadia Pub 2008. No mention of Phoebe Smith, Dallas Denny or Jayne County.

    2009


    Dallas Denny retired.

    First annual Trans March.

    James Parker Sheffield promoted to Executive Director of Atlanta Pride.

    Vandy Glenn became first trans person to address a Congressional committee.

    2010


    Ja’Von Crockett had been a drag performer under the name Mother Cavali. At age 45 he entered a dialogue with Pastor Willis Graham, accepted Christ and was ordained.

    Maxwell Anderson dies of brain cancer at age 53.

    Judge orders Vandy Glenn to be reinstated in job at Georgia General Assembly.

    Atlanta Pride partnered with TransQueer Nation to hold the second annual Trans March.

    Tracee McDaniel founded Juxtaposed Center for Transformation, and sits on GLBT Advisory Board for the Atlanta Police Department .

    2011


    Vandy Glenn won again in the appeal court. Her case became a precedent.

    January Ja’Von Crockett was featured on the religious talk show, Atlanta Live.

    Dee Dee Chamblee a Grand Marshal for Atlanta Pride, and picked as one of Obama’s nine “Champions of Courage” in commemoration of the 30th anniversary of the AIDS epidemic.

    WPATH meeting in Atlanta. Aaron Devor made an official announcement that the Rikki Swin Institute archives had been donated to the University of Victoria Library Transgender Archives.


    • Tristan Skye. Natural Transitioning: An Ftm Alternative. Lulu Com, 2011.

    Trans man Ky Petersen, 20, Americus, Georgia, was assaulted and raped by a stranger, killed in self-defence and is serving 20 years for involuntary manslaughter.

    Murdered in Savannah: Akeem Laurel, 27, shot; Rashawn Hpward, 26, shot.

    2012


    Ashley Diamond, 34, musician, Rome, Georgia, sentenced to 12 years for burglary, sent to men’s prison, repeatedly raped, denied medical attention, filed multiple complaints.

    James Parker Sheffield leaves Atlanta Pride to become Director of Organizational Development at the Health Initiative.

    Lily White’s home in Rome, Georgia, burnt down. Saved mother and dog but lost wigs and costumes. Heart attack two weeks later. Moved to Atlanta, retired shortly afterwards.

    2013


    Atlanta adds gender identity to city non-discrimination laws.
    • Tracee Macdaniel. "Transitions" Tracee McDaniel. Nephriti Publishng, 2013.
    • J.R. Greenwell. Who the Hell is Rachel Wells? Chelsea Stations Editions, 2013. AuthorPage.

    Ashley Del Valle from New York arrested in Savannah for showing her breasts, jailed with men.
    Murdered in Savannah: Konyale Madden, age 34.

    Murdered in Atlanta: “Edward” Campbell, 36, shot.

    2014


    • Phoebe Smith. From Sharecropper's Son to Who's Who in American Women. CreateSpace, 2014.
    Readers of the Georgia Voice newspaper voted Diamond Lil the Best Icon.

    Human Rights Campaign (HRC) president Chad Griffin, 'formally apologized' to trans community at the Southern Comfort Conference in Atlanta. Transcript. "“HRC has done wrong by the transgender community in the past, and I am here to formally apologize, I am sorry for the times when we stood apart when we should have been standing together.”

    Jamie Roberts,Tracee McDaniel & Cheryl Courtney-Evans founded Trans Housing Atlanta Program.
    Announced that future Southern Comfort Conferences will be held in Florida.

    Long time Atlanta drag performer Kitty Collins, age 60, shot dead - her husband was arrested, and sentenced to life imprisonment.

    Murdered in Albany, Georgia: Keymori Shatoya Johnson, 24, shot.


    2015

    • Dallas Denny. “Creating Community: A History of Early Transgender Support in Atlanta”. dallasdenny.com, Nov 7, 2015. Online.
    Atlanta Pride and Touching Up Our Roots honored Diamond Lil in the first ever Our Founding Valentines event.

    Tristan Skye withdraws from TQ Nation.

    Amiayah Scott in Real Housewives of Atlanta.

    Audrey Middleton in Big Brother US.

    Lateasha Shuntel, trans performer, died after having silicone injected into her buttocks, hips and lips.

    Ashley Diamond released after three years.

    2016

    • Tristan Skye. Transgender Journey: Real Stories from Around the World. Lulu.com 2016.
    • Qwo-Li Driskill. Asegi Stories: Cherokee Queer and Two-Spirit Memory. University of Arizona Oress, 2016.


    James Parker Sheffield tweets a photograph and comments when he is in North Caroline, he is now
    required to use women’s restroom, even perhaps with Governor’s wife. Tweet went viral.









    Tracee McDaniel appointed to Atlanta Citizen Review Board.

    Cheryl Courtney-Evans died from cancer at age 64. She was posthumously a grand marshal at Atlanta Pride.

    After a struggle with cancer, Diamond Lil was moved into a hospice. She died age 80.

    Lady Chablis died from pneumonia at age 59.

    Murdered in Macon, Georgia: Candace Towns, 30, shot.

    2017

    Derek Easterling, Mayor of Kennesaw, Georgia, an exurb of Atlanta, did a drag show for a charity event that raised $250,000 to help Alzheimer's patients.

    Murdered in Atlanta: TeeTee Dangerfield, 32, shot multiple times; Scout Schultz, 21, shot by Georgia Tech campus police.

    Murdered in Athens, Georgia: Ava Le’Ray Barrin, 17,shot.



    These publications were consulted in compiling this timeline:

    • Jayne County with Rupert Smith. Man Enough to be a Woman. London: Serpent's Tail, 1995.
    • Wesley Chenault. The Unspoken Past: Atlanta Lesbian and Gay History. www.historians.org, December 2006. Online.
    • Wesley Chenault, Stacy Lorraine Braukman, Gay and Lesbian Atlanta, Arcadia Pub 2008. How could such a book totally ignore Phoebe Smith, Jayne County, Dallas Denny.
    • Dyana Bagby. ``Trans Atlanta: A look inside an evolving community`. The Georgia Voice, November 12, 2010. No longer available.
    • “Out in Atlanta: Atlanta’s Gay and Lesbian Communities Since Stonewall: A Chronology, 1969-2012”. http://outhistory.org/exhibits/show/atlanta-since-stonewall/out_in_atlanta
    • Phoebe Smith. From Sharecropper's Son to Who's Who in American Women. CreateSpace, 2014.
    • Tracee McDaniel & Jamie Roberts. ``Being transgender in Atlanta``. Creative Loafing, June 26, 2014. Online.
    • Dallas Denny. “Creating Community: A History of Early Transgender Support in Atlanta”. dallasdenny.com, Nov 7, 2015. Online.
    • TGEU. Trans Respect Versus Transphobia. Murder Monitoring. http://transrespect.org/en/trans-murder-monitoring/tmm-resources
    • “Unsolved Murders”. TransFM. Online.
    EN.Wikipedia(LGBT history in Georgia (U.S. state)) – contains no trans events at all, and in its Notable LGBT Georgians section, all the above persons are ignored with the sole exception of RuPaul.


    Gay History Wiki(Georgia Chronology of LGBT historical events) – lists many of the trans who were murdered, but no other persons.

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