Articles on this Page
- 02/04/14--05:38: _Kate Stone (197? - ...
- 02/07/14--07:02: _Asha Devi (1952 - 2...
- 02/10/14--07:23: _31 trans persons in...
- 02/13/14--06:52: _Billie Dodson (1876...
- 02/16/14--08:24: _Fran Bennett (1954–...
- 02/19/14--05:34: _Tobi Marsh (1938 – ...
- 02/22/14--09:29: _Wu Mingen 吳明恩 (1962...
- 02/25/14--05:15: _Ramon Te Wake (1976...
- 02/28/14--07:18: _Victoria Fenández (...
- 03/01/14--05:00: _Trans rights are Hu...
- 03/03/14--10:41: _Veronica Paris Baxt...
- 03/06/14--03:56: _Shonna (1947–) perf...
- 03/09/14--09:55: _Carl-Philip Öfverst...
- 03/12/14--06:16: _Anne-Daphné Henry (...
- 03/15/14--07:15: _Leslie Phillips (19...
- 03/18/14--04:51: _L.S. (1889 - ?) model
- 03/22/14--09:52: _Jessica Diana Busse...
- 03/24/14--06:08: _Louise Hannon (1962...
- 03/27/14--06:33: _Riki Anne Wilchins ...
- 03/30/14--06:24: _Christina Jwar (190...
- 02/04/14--05:38: Kate Stone (197? - ) research scientist
- Kate Stone. "becoming Kate". University of Cambridge: Equality-Diversity. www.diverse.cam.ac.uk/stories/stone.
- "Kate Stone: Shepherd of electrons". TED. www.ted.com/speakers/kate_stone.html.
- "Three important life skills, according to Kate Stone". TED, March 1, 2013, http://blog.ted.com/2013/03/01/three-important-life-skills-according-to-kate-stone.
- Maev Kennedy. "Stag attack in Highlands leaves woman fighting for life: Kate Stone in serious but stable condition after suffering injuries to her neck and spine while holidaying in Lochailort". The Guardian, 31 December 2013. www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2013/dec/31/stag-attack-highlands-lochailort.
- Simon Johnson. "Cambridge University academic 'fighting for life' after being gored by giant stag". The Daily Telegraph, 31 Dec 2013. www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/scotland/10544009/Cambridge-University-academic-fighting-for-life-after-being-gored-by-giant-stag.html.
- Martin Robinson & Anna Edwards. "Cambridge academic gored by stag in the Highlands will be kept in a coma for a week after successful operation to repair her windpipe". The Daily Mail, 1 January 2014. www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2532194/Transgender-academic-conscious-gored-neck-Highlands-stag-attack-waited-20-minutes-nearest-paramedics-15-miles-away.html.
- Raymond Brown. "Dr Kate Stone has taken her first steps after the Cambridge academic was gored by a stag in Scotland". Cambridge News, 22 January 2014.
- 02/07/14--07:02: Asha Devi (1952 - 2013 ) mayor.
- Amit Sharma. “Glamour aplenty in Lucknow civic polls as Shabnam Mausi joins campaign”. Indian Express. Nov 16, 2000. www.indianexpress.com/ie/daily/20001117/ina17050.html.
- “U.P. parties peeved at choice of eunuch Mayor”. The Hindu. Dec 12, 2000. www.hindu.com/2000/12/12/stories/1412225d.htm.
- "To beat the drum is better than being a mayor: Asha Devi". Hindustan Times, 29 Jan 2014. www.hindustantimes.com/news-feed/nm17/to-beat-the-drum-is-better-than-being-a-mayor-asha-devi/article1-159789.aspx.
- "Former eunuch Mayor of Gorakhpur dies". ZeeNews, June 04, 2013. http://zeenews.india.com/news/uttar-pradesh/former-eunuch-mayor-of-gorakhpur-dies_852771.html.
- Catalino De Erauso (1592 – 1650) nun, soldier, adventurer. EN.WIKIPEDIA
- Fernando Mackenzie (1836 - ?) Madrid policeman. GVWW
- Maria Salomé Rodríguez Tripiona (1880 - ?) Spanish torera. GVWW
- Luís Fernando de Orleans y Borbón (1888 – 1945) Infante, dancer. GVWW EN.WIKIPEDIA
- Amelio Robles (1889 – 1984) Mexican Revolutionary Colonel. ES.WIKIPEDIA
- Geraldine Portica (189? - ?) Mexican maid. GVWW
- Florencia Pla Mesegue (1917 – 2004) Castellon shepherd, maquis, political prisoner GVWW
- Nelly Finesca (1920 – 1963) Peruvian poet. GVWW
- Jordi Torremadé (1923 - ?) Barcelona athlete, sales manager. GVWW
- Carmen de Mairena (1933 - ) Barcelonasinger, performer. GVWW ES.WIKIPEDIA
- Esdras Parra (1939 – 2004) Venezuelan writer, painter. GVWW ES.WIKIPEDIA
- Fulvia Celica Siguas Sandova (194? - 2004) Peruvian performer. GVWW EN.WIKIPEDIA
- Bibíana Manuela Fernández Chica (1954 - ) Moroccan-Spanish actress, performer GVWWES.WIKIPEDIA
- Tamara Adrián Hernández (1954 – ) Venezuelan lawyer. GVWW ES.WIKIPEDIA
- Alejandra Victoria Portatadino (1959 - ) Buenos Aires petroleum engineer, anthropologist, lawyer. GVWW
- Carla Antonelli (1961 - ) Madrid actress, activist. GVWW ES.WIKIPEDIA
- Antonia San Juan (1961 - ) Madrid actress, director, monologist. GVWW ES.WIKIPEDIA
- Manuela Trasobares Haro (1962 - ) Castellon artist, singer, politician. GVWWES.WIKIPEDIA
- Cristina Ortiz Rodriguez (1964 - ) Madrid sex worker, singer, prisoner. GVWWES.WIKIPEDIA
- Andrés Ignacio Rivera Duarte (1964–) Chilean professor, activist. GVWW
- Marcela Romero (1964 - ) Buenos Aires activist. GVWW
- Cris Miró (1968 -1999) Buenos Aires performer. GVWWES.WIKIPEDIA
- Andrea Paredes (1971 - ) Chilean financial consultant, tennis player. NewsArticle.
- Charlotte Goiar (1972 - ) Galacian founder of HBS. GVWW
- Wendy Iriepa (1974 - ) Cuban office worker. GVWW
- Monica León (1975 - ) Buenos Aires activist. GVWW
- Florencia de la V (1976 - ) Buenos Aires actress. GVWWES.WIKIPEDIA
- Endry Cardeño (1976 - ) Colombian actress. GVWWEN.WIKIPEDIA
- Amaranta Gómez Regalado (1977 - ) Oaxacan activist. GVWWES.WIKIPEDIA
- Miriam Rivera (1981 - ) Mexican reality TV performer, model. EN.WIKIPEDIA
- Jenny (198? - ) Colombian soldier, beautician. GVWW
- 02/13/14--06:52: Billie Dodson (1876 - 1914) female impersonator, milliner
- "Billie's Way is Feminine". Los Angeles Times, January 13, 1907.
- "Was Female Impersonator". Los Angeles Times, August 20, 1914: I-12.
- Lillian Faderman & Stuart Timmons. Gay L.A.: A History of Sexual Outlaws, Power Politics, and Lipstick Lesbians. New York: Basic Books, 2006: 19-20.
- "William L Dodson". Find a Grave, Jul 22, 2006. www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=15012951.
- Cecilia Rasmussen. "History Buffs Rally to Save Pioneers' Final Resting Place". Los Angeles Times, July 23, 2006. http://articles.latimes.com/2006/jul/23/local/me-then23/2.
- "Is He or Isn't She?"Savannah Memorial Park, September 20, 2011. http://thesavannahapioneercemetery.blogspot.ca/2011/09/is-he-or-isnt-she.html.
- 02/16/14--08:24: Fran Bennett (1954–) celebrity DJ
- Mike Antonucci. "DJ `Uncle Frank' wants to return to air as `Aunt Fran'". San Jose Mercury News, 17 July 2002. www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/717818/posts.
- Mike Antonucci. "DJ set to make debut as woman: `UNCLE FRANK' TO RETURN AS `AUNT FRAN'"San Jose Mercury News, 20 July 2002. www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/717818/posts.
- Sam McManis. "Free to be Fran: After years of leading a secret life, it was time to make the most important decision of her life". SFGate, February 9, 2003. Online at: http://www.sfgate.com/living/article/Free-to-be-Fran-After-years-of-leading-a-secret-2634970.php
- Sam McManis. "Free to be Fran / Uncle Frank signs off / But couple's love remains - no matter what changes", SFGate, February 16, 2003. www.sfgate.com/living/article/FREE-TO-BE-FRAN-Uncle-Frank-signs-off-But-2669594.php.
- Yomi S. Wronge. "Transsexuals a new test of marriage: The gay-marriage debate may cast doubt on validity of unions involving people who change gender". Mercury News, Apr 20, 2004. Online at: http://www.myevanesce.com/forum/topic_show.pl?tid=1092.
- "RadTrans-2008-Fran_Bennett-TransFM". OurMedia: Channels of Creativity. https://archive.org/details/RadTrans-2008-Fran_Bennett-TransFM.
- 02/19/14--05:34: Tobi Marsh (1938 – 2012) performer
Darrell Raynor. A Year Among the Girls. New York: Lyle Stuart, 1966. New York: Lancer Books, 1968: 88.
- Kate Cummings. Katherine's Diary- the Story of a Transsexual. William Heinemann Australia 1992. Revised and updated 2008: 134, 148, 195-9, 218-9, 221, 224.
- "The Kings & Queens of Middle Tennessee
Or, a Brief History of Drag - in Nashville". Out & About Nashville, May 5, 2012. http://www.outandaboutnashville.com/story/kings-queens-middle-tennessee.
- Wayne Anderson. "Hidden History: Tobi Marsh & Club 82". Huffington Post, 06/14/2012. www.huffingtonpost.com/wayne-anderson/hidden-history-tobi-marsh_b_1592620.html.
- Wayne Anderson. "A Legend Leaves the Stage". Huffington Post, 11/16/2012. www.huffingtonpost.com/wayne-anderson/a-legend-leaves-the-stage_b_2143342.html.
- R. Kurt Johnson. "An American Drag Queen in West Berlin: The Negotiation of Homosexual Identity, Transgressive Behavior and Social Acceptance in late 1960s and early 1970s West Germany". Sexuality and Culture, 16,2,2012: 187-204.
- 02/22/14--09:29: Wu Mingen 吳明恩 (1962 - ) infomercials moderator, auctioneer.
- Li Jing. 100% cheng ren qing se xiao hua 100%成人情色笑話. Tai bei shi: Yu he wen hua chu ban, 2004.
- Gavin Philips. "His and her royal highness: Taiwan's 'Queen of the Shopping Channel' isn't about to relinquish her crown just yet and is busy preparing to host Taiwan's first Oprah-style talk show". Taipei Times, Jan 23, 2005. www.taipeitimes.com/News/feat/archives/2005/01/23/2003220680.
- "Taiwanese TV host Liching: Both man and wife"Channel News Asia. 29 Jan 2010. Online at: https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/transgender-news/X26xL0FrmsE.
- "Tauwanese TV host had sex change op in Singapore". AsiaOne, 29.10.2010. http://news.asiaone.com/News/Latest%2BNews/Showbiz/Story/A1Story20100129-195346/2.html.
- 02/25/14--05:15: Ramon Te Wake (1976 - ) musician, broadcaster.
- "Reinventing Ramon"GayExpress, 31 May 2011. www.gayexpress.co.nz/2011/05/reinventing-ramon.
- 02/28/14--07:18: Victoria Fenández (1932–) performer
- "Vicki Starr". Drag Queen, 1, Neptune Production, 1970: 34-9.
- Laurence Senelick. The Changing Room: Sex, Drag and Theatre. Gender in performance. Routledge, 2000: 396
- Joanne Meyerowitz. How Sex Changed: A History of Transsexuality in the United States. Harvard University Press, 2002: 201.
- Horacio N. Roque Ramírez & Rolando Longoria II. "Digitizing Desires: Virtual Public Memory, LGBT Latino Histories, and the Vicki Starr Collection" UC Santa Barbara, Center for Chicano Studies Newsletter, X, 1, Spring 2007: 3. www.research.ucsb.edu/ccs/CSI%20News07.pdf.
- Horacio N. Roque Ramírez. "Queer Immigrant Sexual Crossings to San Francisco: The Lives and Labors of Puerto Rican Performer Vicki Starr". GLBT Historical Society: Talking Back: Queer History Fully Exposed, 2009. www.facebook.com/events/205745065780.
- Horacio Roque Ramírez. "Archives of Sexual Crossings: The Meanings of Puerto Rican Topless Transgender Performer Vicki Starr". American Historical Association, January 3, 2014. https://aha.confex.com/aha/2014/webprogram/Paper14140.html.
- 03/01/14--05:00: Trans rights are Human rights
- 03/03/14--10:41: Veronica Paris Baxter (1975 – 2009).
- Rachel Evans. "Another black trans death in custody". The Scavenger, 2009. www.thescavenger.net/glbsgdq/another-black-trans-death-in-custody-36578.html.
- "Inquest into the death of James Llewellyn Drury, also known as Veronnica Maree Baxter and Telisha Drury". State Coroner's Court of NSW, 4 April 2011. www.coroners.lawlink.nsw.gov.au/agdbasev7wr/_assets/coroners/m401601l3/10_findings&recommendationsdrury-baxter.pdf.
- Ray Jackson. "Why no justice for Veronica Baxter? Why did Paris die?". Indymedia, 08 Apr 2011. http://indymedia.org.au/2011/04/08/why-no-justice-for-veronica-baxter-why-did-paris-die.
- "honour this sistagirl: stop transphobic and racist deaths in custody". lip magazine, 1 May 2012.http://lipmag.com/culture/honour-this-sistagirl-stop-transphobic-and-racist-deaths-in-custody.
- 03/06/14--03:56: Shonna (1947–) performer, travel agent, housewife
- S.S. Ratnam & Victor H H Goh. "Becoming Shonna and Becoming Sam". In S. S. Ratnam, Victor H. H. Goh & Wing Foo Tsoi. Cries from Within: Transsexualism, Gender Confusion and Sex Change. Singapore: Longman, 1991: 25-6.
- 03/09/14--09:55: Carl-Philip Öfverström (1960 - ) musician.
- Cris Owen. Valheellinen elämäni.(My Life, A Lie) Turku: Lady Madeleine, 2002.
- "Lehti: Cris Owen katuu sukupuolenvaihdostaan". MTV.fi, 14.11.2008. www.mtv.fi/viihde/muut.shtml/lehti-cris-owen-katuu-sukupuolenvaihdostaan/2008/11/749471.
- Ilka. "Cris Owen regrets sex change". Life After Helsinki 2007, November 14, 2008. http://ilkar.blogspot.ca/2008/11/cris-owen-regrets-sex-change.html.
- "Cris Owen". Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. No longer available. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Articles_for_deletion/Cris_Owen.
- 03/12/14--06:16: Anne-Daphné Henry (1950-2000) army captain.
- "Le piège retors des ventes par correspondance". L'Hebdo, 14.07.1994. http://www.hebdo.ch/le_piegravege_retors_des_ventes_par_correspondance_13447_.html.
- "Les trans aux abois, les caisses passent". 360.ch, 1er nov 2005. http://360.ch/blog/magazine/2005/11/les_trans_aux_abois_les_caisses_passent.
- 03/15/14--07:15: Leslie Phillips (194?–) lawyer.
- "Phillips v. Plotkin". Common Pleas Court of Philadelphia County, Family Division, Pennsylvania, September 19, 1979. http://www.leagle.com/decision/19796612PaDampC3d54_159,
- Sex Change Nixes Husband Support". The Evening Independent, Sep 20, 1979. http://tinyurl.com/pqq9xwm.
- "When he became a she, the wife got the bills". The Miami News, Sep 20, 1979. http://tinyurl.com/qbe9zzc.
- "Sex-swap husband loses plea". The Montreal Gazette, Sep 21, 1979. http://tinyurl.com/pbauosc.
- 03/18/14--04:51: L.S. (1889 - ?) model
- T. Tuffier & A. Lapoint. "L'Hermaphrodisme: Ses variétés et ses conséquences pour la pratique médicales (d'après un cas personnel)". Revue de gynécologie et de chirurgie addominale, 17,1911: 209-268.
- Alice Domurat Dreger. Hermaphrodites and the Medical Invention of Sex. Cambridge, Ma, Harvard University Press. 2000: 130-2.
- 03/22/14--09:52: Jessica Diana Bussert (1965 - ) network specialist, photographer.
- Calare Dyer. “Transsexual seeks £2.5m damages after demotion from senior IT job”. The Guardian. 27 May 2006. www.guardian.co.uk/print/0,,329490763-110592,00.html.
- Michael Millar. "Experts reassure employers that transsexual Jessica Bussert’s discrimination claim against Hitachi is unlikely to prompt flood of claims". Personnel Today, 6 Jun 206. www.personneltoday.com/hr/experts-reassure-employers-that-transsexual-jessica-busserts-discrimination-claim-against-hitachi-is-unlikely-to-prompt-flood-of-claims.
- Marie Woolf. "Transsexual rights activist ordered to leave the country". The Independent, 20 August 2006. www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/crime/transsexual-rights-activist-ordered-to-leave-the-country-412648.html.
- Sharon Bussert. “My Husband is now my Wife”. Red Magazine. October 2006. Online at: www.bussert.com/jessica/20061001red.html. NO LONGER AVAILABLE
- "Transsexual Loses $1M Discrimination Case". 365Gay, January 8, 2007. Online at: https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/TNUKdigest/conversations/topics/25091.
- "Employee loses biggest ever transgender discrimination claim". Workplace Law, 8 Jan 2007. www.workplacelaw.net/services/news/8122/employee-loses-biggest-ever-transgender-discrimination-claim#.
- 03/24/14--06:08: Louise Hannon (1962–) business development manager, photographer.
- Justine Quinn. "Transgender Employee Awarded €35,000 by Equality Tribunal for Discrimination at Work". EqualJus, 211-4-19. http://www.equal-jus.eu/node/306.
- Louise Hannon. "I know I’m a woman, and my gender should be recognised". The Journal, Feb 16 2012. www.thejournal.ie/readme/column-%E2%80%98i-know-i%E2%80%99m-a-woman-and-my-gender-should-be-recognised%E2%80%99-356321-Feb2012.
- Louise Hannon. "I was let down by those I trusted and had faith in". The Journal, 26 April 2011. www.thejournal.ie/readme/column-i-was-let-down-by-those-i-trusted-and-had-faith-in-126674-Apr2011.
- Louise Hannon, Orlaith O'Sullivan, Lydia Foy. Trans Voices in Ireland. TENI, 2012.
- Allison Bray. "Transsexual is awarded €35,000: Firm says sorry in landmark equality case". Independent.IE, 04 December 2012. www.independent.ie/irish-news/transsexual-is-awarded-35000-26724928.html.
- "Transsexual wins tribunal payout". Indpendent.IE, 30 November 2012. http://www.independent.ie/breaking-news/irish-news/transsexual-wins-tribunal-payout-26725394.html.
- Orlaith O'Sullivan (ed). Equality & Identity: Trans and Intersex Experience in Ireland. Essays by Louise Hannon, Broden Giambrone, Orlaith O'Sullivan. TENI, 2013.
- 03/27/14--06:33: Riki Anne Wilchins (1952 - ) computing, activist.
- Riki Anne Wilchins. “ '…Only a Crossdresser': Notes on the More Radical Identity"TGForum, 1996, reprinted Mar 13, 2012. http://www.tgforum.com/wordpress/index.php/only-a-crossdresser.
- Pat Califia. Sex Changes: The Politics of Transgenderism. San Francisco: Cleis Press, 1997: 222, 226-9, 232, 236, 242, 266.
- Riki Anne Wilchins. Read My Lips: Sexual Subversion and the End of Gender. Ithaca, N.Y.: Firebrand Books, 1997.
- David Valentine & Riki Anne Wilchins, "One percent on the burn chart: Gender, Genitals and Hermaphrodites with Attitude". Social Text, 52/53, 1997: 215–222.
- Carey Goldberg. "PUBLIC LIVES; Issues of Gender, From Pronouns to Murder". The New York Times, June 11, 1999. www.nytimes.com/1999/06/11/nyregion/public-lives-issues-of-gender-from-pronouns-to-murder.html.
- Riki Wilchins. "Disposable People". Transgender Tapestry, 87, 1999.
- Dallas Denny. "We’re from GenderPAC: We’re Here to Help You". Transgender Tapestry, 93, Spring 2001: 12-14. http://dallasdenny.com/Writing/2013/10/05/were-from-genderpac-were-here-to-help-you-2001.
- Dallas Denny. "A word from the editor: GenderPACs implosion". Transgender Tapestry, 93, Spring 2001: 6. http://dallasdenny.com/Writing/2013/10/05/genderpacs-implosion-2001.
- Joan Nestle, Clare Howell & Riki Wilchins (eds). GenderQueer: Voices from Beyond the Sexual Binary. Alyson Books, 2002.
- Pauline Park. "GenderPAC, the Transgender Rights Movement And the Perils of a Post-Identity Politics Paradigm". 5th Annual Georgetown Symposium on Gender & Sexuality:Crossing Boundaries, Redefining Gender: A New Front on Equality, February 27, 2002. http://www.paulinepark.com/2003/04/genderpac-the-transgender-rights-movement-and-the-perils-of-a-post-identity-politics-paradigm.
- Riki Anne Wilchins. Queer Theory, Gender Theory: An Instant Primer. Los Angeles: Alyson Books, 2004.
- David Valentine. "'The Calculus of Pain': Violence, Anthopological Ethics and the Category Transgender. Ethnos, 68,1,2003: 27-48. Reprinted in Melissa Checker & Maggie Fishman. Local Actions: Cultural Activism, Power, and Public Life in America. New York, NY: Columbia Univ. Press, 2004: 89-110.
- Viviane K Namaste. Sex Change, Social Change Reflections on Identity, Institutions, and Imperialism. Toronto: Women's Press, 2005: 8,9,11,13,64,65,70.
- "100 Civic Innovators for the 21st Century". Time Magazine, June 2005.
- David Valentine. Imagining Transgender: An Ethnography of a Category. Durham: Duke University Press, 2007: xi, 25. 34, 44, 148, 176, 179, 181, 184, 204, 205, 209, 212, 217, 219, 220, 221, 222, 254, 270, 272, 274, 275, 291, 295, 297, 302.
- "Riki Wilchins is my Hero". Beyond Bryn Mawr, February 11, 2011. http://beyondbrynmawr.wordpress.com/2011/02/11/riki-wilchins-is-my-hero/#more-1354.
- Pauline Park. "Why GenderPAC Failed". PrettyQueer, April 21, 2012. Online at: http://prettyqueer.tumblr.com/post/21502797604/why-genderpac-failed.
- Riki Wilchins. "Op-ed: Transgender Dinosaurs and the Rise of the Genderqueers: Why the traditional concept of transgender is slowly fading away.". Advocate, December 06 2012. www.advocate.com/commentary/riki-wilchins/2012/12/06/transgender-dinosaurs-and-rise-genderqueers.
- Riki Wilchins. "Op-ed: 'But You Can’t Really Be Her Mom': Transgender activism in the age of parenting.". Advocate, December 18 2012. www.advocate.com/commentary/riki-wilchins/2012/12/18/you-can%E2%80%99t-really-be-her-mom.
- Quinnae Moongazer. "My Transsexual Menace: A Response to Riki Wilchins". Nuclear Unicorn, December 22, 2012. http://quinnae.com/2012/12/22/my-transsexual-menace-a-response-to-riki-wilchins/.
- 03/30/14--06:24: Christina Jwar (1901 - 1986 ) nurse
- Ivor Crews & Samkelo Kumalo. "After 65 Years the Secret of Christina the Nurse is Out … She's a Man!".. The Sunday Times, 27 July 1986. Reprinted in Ruth Morgan,, Charl Marais, Joy Rosemary Wellbeloved, and Robert Hamblin. Trans: Transgender Life Stories from South Africa. Johannesburg: Jacana, 2010: plate 5.
Stone was born in Cheshire, with a father who was a continent-hopping engineer. This led to learning experiences in disparate cultures, and short spells in all sorts of schools. Leaving school having failed A-Levels, Stone went travelling and worked on a sheep ranch in Australia.
After a degree in Electronics at Salford University, Stone, who by then had a wife and child, was offered a PhD in Physics at Cambridge's Cavendish Laboratory which was completed in 2000. The work was in moving electrons, and led to putting electronics into the ink on paper. In 2004 Novalia was incorporated to market the technology.
In 2007 Stone made two major life changes:
"I'm an embedded researcher in an engineering department, and the group of people around me are all guys—there's about 10 guys here—and one day at work I told them. As I remember it, it was on a Monday, we were all sitting together in the kitchen at lunchtime, and everyone was just sat around, and I say, oh guys, I've got something to tell you. I've decided I'm going to become a woman, so I'm going to start coming to work dressed as a woman. They looked at me, and one guy looked at another guy and said, can you pass the chilli sauce please! And the conversation continued as if I hadn't said anything!
The next day, we were all sitting down at lunchtime, and I said, guys, I've got another announcement to make. I've decided that I'm going to become vegetarian. And their reaction—they were stunned! They were like, oh my god! How long have you felt like this? How are you going to cope without the meat! Have you really thought this through! So not eating meat they find a little difficult to deal with, but the other thing—whatever. So I guess at a certain point I started coming to work as Kate, changed my name, and it was absolutely fine. Not a problem at all."In 2013 Kate was a profiled speaker at the TED conference.
In late December Kate, while on a new-years break near Fort William in Scotland, was chatting with friends after returning from a ceilidh when she was attacked and gored in the throat and chest by a stag that had gotten into the fenced garden. Kate was airlifted to the Southern General Hospital in Glasgow, where she was put into an induced coma. She has since been progressing with her recovery, and has been moved out of the high dependency and into a regular ward.
Apparently attacks by stags like this are very rare. The problem seems to be that it panicked after getting into an enclosed space. It is suggested that it went for Dr Stone in that she was the tallest person in the group.
The article in The Guardian did not even mention that Dr Stone is transgender. Even The Daily Mail reduced the fact to a incidental close to the end of its article. The only paper to put that fact in its headline wasThe Daily Record: "Transgender scientist in hospital after being gored in the throat by stag in horror Highlands attack".
Amarnath Yadav was the youngest of four brothers and three sisters, and was discarded by her parents. She was taken in by hijraSamaj, and took the name Asha Devi.
While only semi-literate, she ran in 2000 for the post of mayor in Gorakhpur, eastern Uttar Pradesh, a post reserved for a woman. Other candidates objected that she was not a woman, but the pradesh Election Commission ruled that her sex was to be decided by how she was enroled in the voters’ list, and on the precedent of Shabnam Mausi, the Madya Pradesh MLA.
Shabnam campaigned on her behalf. In November 2000 she won over one lakh (1,09,849) votes. Every other candidate including the one from Bharatiya Janata Party lost her deposit.
During her tenure she concentrated on the construction of roads and drainage.
In May 2003 her election was declared invalid on the grounds that the post was reserved for a female, and that Asha is not female. This was in response to a petition by from the Samajwadi Party candidate, who had had come second but received over 60,000 fewer votes.
Asha died aged 61 from a kidney disorder.
*Not the film actress, nor the mother of Delhi rape victim, Jyoti Singh.
Billie Dodson was raised in the town of El Monte, California which was founded during the 1849 gold rush and is today part Los Angeles County. From the time of his birth his mother was an invalid. He spent his childhood by her side sewing, knitting and crocheting. When she died he stayed with his father doing the cooking, mending and housekeeping, and tending to the younger children.
When Billie left home, he went into vaudeville as a female impersonator making his own costumes. Being feminine came naturally to him, and he met acclaim for his performances.
However he felt obliged to return home to look after his father and step-mother. He hung out a shingle in El Monte as a milliner, and sold hats, corsets, garters etc. all made by himself. His shop became a women's social center where they would talk and talk and drink tea. His creations were sough far and wide. Also at family gatherings Billie would socialize with the women, and avoid the men.
A Los Angeles Times reporter wrote:
"The odd thing about Billie Dodson is that he lacks the offensive and wholesome suggestion that usually lingers about an effeminate man. He is more like a kind-hearted, sensible, cheery woman."In 1905 Billie married an actress who had newly arrived from Seattle. Two years later Mr Dodson sought and was given a divorce. He married again in 1910. He then returned to the stage with a two-year engagement on the Pantages circuit.
He died at age 38.
Frank grew up in an 11th-floor apartment in Manhattan, his father the songwriter, Johnny Lehman, his mother the 1940s hit singer Evelyn Knight. At age 11 he was tagging along with his elder brother, Andrew Knight, to Greenwich Village to listen to Beat poets and Joan Baez. By puberty he had long hair and was wearing bell bottoms and satin shirts.
His parents moved to Phoenix hoping that the move would keep him in school. At 14 he learned about transsexuals and left a copy of Christine Jorgensen's autobiography on the family coffee table. Even that did not generate the required conversation.
His brother Andrew (1940 – 1989) became a tour lighting technician who worked with the Rolling Stones and Pink Floyd.
Frank, using the surname Bennett, developed two personae: a suave hipster, successful with women; and April, her inner self who was kept private and only rarely let out. The hipster went on to become Uncle Frank, an FM radio disk jockey first in Phoenix, and then Los Angeles and San Jose. Many women offered themselves, but none were allowed close enough to learn his secrets, although one relationship did result in a daughter, Saira. At 18 Frank was smoking hash with Muddy Waters in Aspen; at 24 he was a celebrity DJ with his name in lights on Los Angeles' Sunset Strip. He interviewed everyone from The Allman Brothers to Frank Zappa. His peak was as one of the stars on KOME radio in San Jose, when it won the Rolling Stone Readers Poll as Station of the Year for both 1988 and 1990, its DJs were on the cover of the music magazine.
He was also cross-dressing on the sly. April would visit Sacramento at the weekends, trying to pass. "It was peaceful. I felt like me. I wanted it to be this way all the time. It was depressing to go back."
Frank drank to excess, and one time in 1991 was too drunk to go on the air. Therapy was suggested and he started seeing Mildred Brown in Los Gatos. Brown, a clinical psychologist – it so happened – specialized in working with transsexuals:
"I had a complete wreck walk in here," Brown said. "He must have been 300 pounds then, addicted to everything. His denial was intense. He wanted to just pretend he was something else, just a cross-dresser, maybe, something that wouldn't turn his life upside down. I looked at 'Uncle Frank' back then, and it was a role of a lifetime. If we gave Academy Awards for role playing, this was it. It would take 10 years to finally admit to her true self."Despite being top-rated, Bennett was laid off in 1993 after Infinity Broadcasting acquired the station, and was replaced by syndicated programming such as the Howard Stern Show. He took a gig working in Saipan, in the US territory of the Northern Mariana Islands. This struck him as the time to start taking female hormones, and he found a US doctor on the island who wrote a prescription.
In April 1995 KFOX in San Jose phoned with a job offer. This led to meeting Erika, the 400 lb (181 kg) morning co-host on the station. She was in the middle of a divorce and they were both looking for new accommodation. At first for financial reasons, they rented together. They had a similar sense of humor and a shared love of Scrabble. By Christmas 1996 they were lovers. Finally Bennett told Erika about his April persona and showed a photograph. Her reaction was:
"OK, then, let's go shopping."Erika nurtured April, and April nursed Erika through six weeks of convalescence after gastric bypass surgery. Despite Erika's encouragement, it was not until summer 1999 that Bennett told his bosses of his desire to be a woman:
"They said there are some factions out there who love their Lynyrd Skynyrd and don't want to hear about transsexuals. I couldn't figure out at that point how to live dual lives. So I stayed Frank and kept the secret."That fall, Bennett had a nose job, but fearing exposure stopped taking hormones and electrolysis, and became severely depressed.
Erika: "Those few months were so dark," Taylor said. "I almost took my leave. I felt like the wizard behind the curtain, saying, 'Do it, now. Being a woman obviously makes you so much happier.' But she was paralyzed with fear."Helped by heavy sessions with Mildred Brown, Bennett resumed taking female hormones in summer 2000. By then Bennett was wearing some female clothes in the studio, but was still the deep-voiced Uncle Frank on the air. In late August Bennett took a week off, and the station's general manager explained to the staff what was happening. On her return the other staff greeted Fran with a dozen roses and three signed cards. Her mother, Evelyn Knight was supportive as was her daughter Saira, and Erika's son. Fran was still Uncle Frank on the air, but was able to give up smoking and drinking. Her program director commented:
"Frank was wound pretty tight, and Fran was not. This was someone I've known for 20 years as a guy, so that took some getting used to. But the great thing was, Fran didn't have the issues Frank had. She was a much happier person."Fran and Erika were married in September, and Saira was bridesmaid to both brides. Erika had problems in that people now took her to be gay, and had her own therapy sessions with Mildred Brown.
In November 2001 Fran, despite her top ratings, and 600 other radio employees were laid off by the corporate owner Clear Channel Communications. She was not able to get a replacement gig, except for a guest week on KFOX in July 2002.
The lack of work continued for some years, but Fran is now a multi-media web producer outside Austin, Texas.
*Not either of the actresses, nor the jazz singer.
According to auntfran.com and Wikipedia Fran's mother was Evelyn Knight: however Sam McManis makes Evelyn to be Ericka's mother: "Erika's mother, former big-band singer Evelyn Knight, did not disown him, as feared".
Evelyn's IMDB page lists only one child: Andrew.!!!
John Dale Harvey was raised in Greeneville, Tennessee until age 12 when his family moved to Cincinnati.
As a teenager he started working as a amateur female impersonator, and at 19 was a member of the Jewel Box Review - where he took the name Tobi Marsh. He joined just after Dorian Wayne left creating a vacancy. In the early 1960s he was engaged at Club 82 where Tony Midnite was doing the costumes.
Tobi's lover was the 6'5" (1.96m) Yale-educated lawyer Sandy. Sandy liked to say that he was five foot 17 inches. He was a regular in both Virginia Prince's FPE organization in New York, where he rarely wore female clothing, but did show photographs of himself so dressed. He was also part of the local bondage community.
Tobi had a part in the 1971 film, The Love Thrill Murders/Sweet Savior with Troy Donahue, as a hair-dresser in drag who is killed. He was also in Devil in High Heels, Grand Illusion, The Bedroom Window 1987.
Tobi did an European tour appearing at Chez Nous in Berlin (where his landlord subjected him to homophobic abuse), Madame Arthur's and Le Carousel in Paris, but came home
"The local entertainers were resentful of Americans working in their countries. The standard of living was below par for an American. I cancelled my contract and came home."Tobi retired age 55. John Harvey died aged 74 from complications after a car accident.
One presumes that Prince was not informed about Sandy. While male lovers of trans women are mainly straight, in the 1960s Sandy would have been taken as gay for having Tobi as a lover. And into bondage too!
Wu's father was Wu Zheng Yan, a mayor in Qingshui District 清水區, Taichung City, Taiwan. Wu was educated at the National Shimizu High School and then in 1981 Wu consulted with Dr Zhang Qizhong who sent her to Singapore for surgery with Professor SS Ratnam, as the operation was then still illegal in Taiwan. This with her father's consent. She took the name Wu Mingen.
Mingen attended the Methodist-founded Soochow University, where she passed well, but ran into problems in that the university's paperwork said that she was a man.
She adopted the professional name of Li Jing, and after working as a singer, a model and actress in a soap opera, she became an infomercials moderator. She became a star on Eastern Media Group's Shopping Channel 東森購物.
In 2002 she married a man 14 years her junior.
In her 2004 autobiography Li Jing wrote that she had been born a hermaphrodite, and had had surgical correction.
Liching hosts numerous popular television shows and is known as the "Queen of Auction" in Taiwan's Eastern TV Auction Channel. She is the top auctioneer and star of the channel and holds multiple sales records, such as selling 380 one-carat diamonds in 80 minutes, 700 computer notebooks in 85 minutes and bringing in 200 million Taiwan dollars worth of sales in just one hour.
In 2009 Dr Zhang Qizhong wrote an article in a Taiwanese medical journal to share his experiences in 35 years as a doctor. He wrote about how in 1981 he had arranged a sex change for a 23XY male, and at the end of the article revealed that he was talking about Li Jing. This was picked up by the regular press. He was criticized for revealing the name of a patient, but defended himself in that Li Jing had discussed her operation in her autobiography.
Li Jing was featured in the 2012 movie Drug War 毒戰 which was filmed in China.
Te Wake, a Māori, was raised in Ascot Park outside Wellington. She moved to Wellington in the early 1990s and then to Auckland.
She toured New Zealand in the R&B/Funk band Pure Funk in 1995-6. She released an EP in 2002, and from 2004 became a presenter on Takatāpui, Māori Television’s first GLBT show.
In 2005 she was a co-host at Pasifika, the world's largest Polynesian culture festival. In 2011, for Takatāpui she covered the death of activist Carmen Rupe.
The same year she directed a 25-minute video Pacific Voices for the New Zealand AIDS Foundation, and a series on Maori TV I Know A Sheila Like That, featuring Maori women.
Victor Fernández was born in Santurce, Puerto Rico. His father persistently denied that such an effeminate child could be his.
Victor moved to New York soon after high school, where she became Vicky Starr and a performer.
In the 1960s she moved to the San Francisco Bay Area and started female hormones with great success. She was able to work in a bar in North Beach as the district's first topless dancer. Conforming to the conventions of the time, she ended the act be taking the microphone and in a baritone: "I've got a secret. I'm a man!".
After surgical completion and several husbands, Victoria remained active in the Latina gay/LGBT/queer community. In the late 1990s she participated in the community oral history project.
She also amassed a personal archive documenting her life in the city, including her performances as “Mr. Vicki Starr,” friendships with fellow transgender women, and sex work. With funding from Center for Chicano Studies Horacio Roque Ramírez & Rolando Longoria have been digitizing her collection.
Produced by the Asia-Pacific Transgender Network (ATPN) in partnership with UNAIDS.
Veronica, an aboriginal from Cunnamulla county, in the south-west of Queensland, had been living as a woman since 1994 when she was 19.
In March 2009, three days after the Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras, she was arrested in a police sting in Redfern, Sydney, and charged with supplying a prohibited drug, and held at the NSW Silverwater Metropolitan Reception and Remand Centre, a maximum security jail for men. She was not offered the opportunity of solitary confinement in a women's jail instead, that by law should be offered to non-op trans women. She was in the general male population of the prison. She had not been checked for 14 hours – a contravention of policy – when she was found hanging in her cell from a 1.5m (5 foot) bunk despite being 1.98m (6'5'') tall.
After two years of public campaigning, an inquest was held April 2011, a few weeks after the death of Paris' mother. Two days were slated for the inquest, but it was over by 15.30 on the first day. The only witnesses called were the Police Investigative Officer, a Corrective Services Investigative Officer and a Programmes Manager who had arranged for the gaol Transgender Correctional Officer to talk to Paris. All witnesses were vague in several important areas of their individual responsibility areas. No reason was given why the gaol Transgender Officer was not called. A finding of "asphyxiation, which occurred as a result of him hanging himself with the intention of ending his life" was issued using Paris' male name.
At 18.30 the Deputy Coroner held a press conference and invoked s75(5) of the Coroner Act, 2009 which inflicts a $1100 fine or six months imprisonment for an individual who publishes anything about the case, and $5500 for a media outlet. Within 30 minutes all articles placed by the Associated Australian Press, Sydney Morning Herald, and Australian Broadcasting Corporation relevant to Veronica had been removed.
Activists asked why, and were given the reason of protecting the family. Veronica's brother William Drury replied:
“I had not been contacted by any person from the Coroners Office. I was rung twice by the Aboriginal Legal Services (ALS) Solicitor who, among other matters, urged me to accept the continuation of the gag. I did not want this, as I want my sister's case to become very public, so such a tragedy never happen again.”
The family then transferred authority to act on their behalf from the ALS to the Indigenous Social Justice Association (ISJA), in that ISJA were willing to take instructions from the family. Paris' two bothers, William and Geoffrey, informed the Deputy Coroner that they wished to allow media articles, and the non-publication order was lifted.
Shonna was raised in Singapore, and had two younger sisters. Father was a dentist who often beat his wife and put her in the hospital several times. Grandmother dressed Shonna as female, and arranged for Shonna to be adopted as a girl at the local Kwan Yin Temple.
At 7 Shonna returned home and was sent to school as a boy. However Shonna failed primary school, and later failed to obtain a school certificate. Shonna found some friends who also liked to dress as female and they would so meet in a church.
Father attempted to involve Shonna as a dental assistant, but after embarrassing comments from his patients, he banished her from his clinic. At 16 Shonna worked as a sales girl, and frequented the trans scene on Bugis Street. Her father died when she was 17. She worked as a housemaid for a European man, and had an affair with him. Subsequently she worked in a bank and then in public relations for a hotel.
She came second in the Miss Singapore Beauty Contest, which led to modelling work. In 1968 Shonna started a cabaret act using the name Mama Chan. Twice she attempted suicide by taking sleeping pills.
In 1969 Shonna approached gynaecologist S. S. Ratnam at the Singapore General Hospital and asked for transgender surgery. He sent her to a psychiatrist, but she kept returning two or three times a week. Ratnam had at that time never done sex change surgery, but he started to read the literature, and finally practised the operation on two cadavers in the mortuary. He had Shonna evaluated by a team of psychiatrists who confirmed that she was indeed transsexual. Legal clearance was sought from the ministry of health and granted. Surgery was performed 30 July 1971 at the Kandang Kerbau Hospital 竹脚妇幼医院. This was the first such operation in east Asia.
Afterwards, Shonna was prescribed female hormones. Later she married a French man and owned a travel agency in Paris. Later still she lived in England.
Öfverström was born in Stockholm. At age 17 using the name Cris Owen, Öfverström had a breakthrough album, Here I Am, and went on to a career – largely in Finland – as songwriter, arranger, producer, and performer. Owen was the manager and producer for major Finnish artists such as Miisa and Janina Fry.
In 1989 Cris came second in in the competition to represent Finland in the Eurovision Song Contest, and wrote the Finnish Eurovision entries in 1992 and 1993.
Cris' EN.WIKIPEDIA page was deleted in 2008.
Jean Michel Henry served as a captain in the Swiss Army.
Jean transitioned to Anne in 1992 and in 1994 won a landmark court case in which the Federal Court ordered her insurance company to reimburse the costs of the surgical operation. She was Switzerland's best known transsexual campaigner.
She died of cancer aged 50.
Ralph Plotkin was a law student in Philadelphia when in 1969 he met and married Tamara. He graduated and became a lawyer, while Tamara pursued a career in urban planning. They purchased a house together.
In 1974 Tamara came home to find her husband in female attire. He said that he was a transvestite, it was not normal and he was trying to overcome it. Such did nor recur, until July 1977 when on a weekend trip to New York, Ralph announced that he was transsexual and had been on female hormones since the previous December. For a few months Tamara accompanied her husband, dressed as female, to various social events, but by October it was obvious that they could no longer co-habit.
In December Tamara filed for divorce, Leslie Phillips (as Ralph had become) moved into an apartment, and made substantial withdrawals from a joint bank deposit (that had been a gift from Tamara's mother). Further Phillips made harassing telephone calls with threats demanding that Tamara pay Phillips' bills.
In September 1979, Phillips petitioned the Common Pleas Court of Philadelphia County for support in that a spouse is obliged to care for a partner suffering from a mental disorder. The judge ruled a) that the petitioner's behavior "constituted conduct on petitioner's part within the standard enunciated above sufficient to obviate petitioner's right to support", b) "the prevailing viewpoint seems to be that transsexuals are psychologically healthy individuals" c) "petitioner's conduct was violative of the marital contract between the parties; that the specific acts described herein and attributed to petitioner were 'humiliating and degrading, inconsistent with the [respondent's] position as a wife,' that these acts together with petitioner's consummation of the alteration of petitioner's sexual characteristics constituted a course of conduct 'of such character as to render the condition of any woman of ordinary sensibility and delicacy of feeling intolerable and her life burdensome'; that petitioner's conduct manifested a spirit of malevolence, settled hate and estrangement toward respondent, and that respondent had adequate legal cause to quit the marital domicile".
*Not the actor.
I think that the important point here is the judge's point B: transsexuals are psychologically healthy individuals. Transsexuality is not a pathology.
L.S. was an attractive woman who worked as a fashion model in Paris. In 1909, aged 20, she was engaged to be married. She was bothered by apparent tumours in her labia majora and attended the Hôpital Beaujon.
However a biopsy of the tumours resulted in them being identified as testicles. The doctors then decided that she was a 'true male', that is a masculine pseudo hermaphrodite. She was informed that her feminine 'genital aspiration', that is her engagement to her fiancé, was an act of homosexuality.
L.S. had the misfortune to live during the period when gonads were taken to define a person’s ‘true’ sex.
While Drs Tuffier & Lapoint conceal the patient’s name behind the initials LS, they published 4 photographs of her, one dressed and three nude, all where her face is clearly identifiable.
Joshua Bussert grew up in the US Mid-west. He married his girlfriend at 18 when she became pregnant. In 1985 he studied data processing at Vincennes University, Indiana. He was also seeing a counselor to overcome his desire to be a woman. He had three children with his first wife before they divorced.
Bussert converted to Catholicism, and then met Sharon, a born Catholic, who became his second wife in 1990, after being told of his cross-dressing. They raised the three children from his first marriage and adopted two sisters from Haiti. Bussert worked in business consulting and systems analysis for networks, went to the Kinsey Institute for counseling, and they found Gender Identity Dysphoria.
In 2001 Bussert started working for Hitachi Data Systems, and in 2003 started laser hair removal, and looked for a transsexual community, but being in the middle of Indiana found none. In addition a 19-year old transsexual was murdered locally with her body set on fire.
Bussert applied for a transfer to the UK branch of Hitachi. He was to be an IT techie and business manager at £88,000 a year. The supervisor was open-minded, but moved on soon after. In London Bussert started taking female hormones, and going out as female more often. She socially transitioned 2005 with Facial Feminization Surgery and breast augmentation with Dr Douglas Ousterhout in San Francisco. Her new supervisor had responded to the mention of a sex change: “Don’t do that to me, Josh. I had to work in an office with someone who did that once and it was weird”.
Hitachi effectively demoted her and she was given a negative appraisal. She took sick leave for stress, returned and again went on sick leave. Hitachi stopped paying her salary and she resigned. Jessica sued for £500,000 in the UK and $3.6m in the US, but without success.
Since the Sex Discrimination (Gender Reassignment) Regulations 1999 it is clear that not only is it illegal to discriminate against transsexuals, but that this covers employees intending to undergo gender reassignment. However the Employment Tribunal in Reading dismissed Bussert's claims ruling that she had left the company of her own free will. Furthermore it found no fault with the way that Hitachi had handled the situation, and even commended Hitachi managers for displaying good management practice and embracing diversity.
As Bussert was no longer employed, the Home Office ruled that her permit to live in the UK was no longer valid, and Jessica and Sharon returned to Indiana.
They have since become award-winning photographers.
Hannon was raised in Dublin. In the five years up to 2006, Hannon, self-employed, had worked as a business development manager at First Direct Logistics Ltd, and broke up with wife and children.
In October Hannon disclosed to management that she was transsexual and would be leaving because she did not think that a transport firm "would be comfortable with it". However she was encouraged to stay, but was asked to wait a few months to accommodate a new staff member.
She changed her name by deed poll in March and arrived at the office, but was told to work from home and to maintain her male identity on the phones, and when meeting clients. She was also told not to use the women's toilet at work (despite the fact that the manager often did so if the men's was occupied). Later she was told that a new employee had been hired, and there was no desk for her at the office. In July Hannon was told that the company director was not happy with her work. She left feeling that she had been constructively dismissed.
She appealed to the Equality Tribunal as she was entitled to do under the Employment Equality Act 1998. The Tribunal awarded her €35,422.71, and commented: "requesting Ms Hannon to switch between a male/female identity whenever the respondent felt the need for it constituted direct discrimination on the gender and disability grounds".
Louise has been Co-Chair of Labour LGBT Elected to the Labour Equality Co-ordinating Council, sat on the steering group of the Equality and Rights Alliance, been Vice Chair of Transgengender Equality Network Ireland (TENI).
She currently works as a photographer in Dublin.
(S/he and hir are Riki's preferred pronouns.)
Wilchins grew up in Cincinnati, his father a surgeon, and transitioned to Riki Anne in the late 1970s. S/he did a bachelors degree in Psychology & Communication at Cleveland State University in 1980 where s/he also attended the gender clinic. Hir transition resulted in a breakup with hir girlfriend of seven years. Wilchins later did a masters in Clinical Psychology at the New School for Social Research 1981-94.
In 1981 s/he moved to New York where s/he found work on Wall Street doing computer consulting in banking and brokerage despite being openly transsexual.
S/he approached lesbian archivist, Joan Nestle, asking to be included in the archive, but fearing rejection, and they became friends.
Wilchins was an early supporter of Nancy Burkholder after she was ejected from the Michigan Womyn's Music Festival (MWMF) in 1991. Wilchins was one of the founders of Camp Trans across the road from MWMF from 1994. Wilchins argued strongly that pre-op and non-op should be included in MWMF as much as post-op women. Also in 1994 Wilchins and Denise Norris co-founded Transexual Menace to follow on from Transgender Nation. Later that year, after the murder of Brandon Teena, Wilchins organized a demonstration against New York's Village Voice which had printed an article by Donna Minkowitz on the murder which used only female pronouns for Teena. Later still Wilchins confronted Janice Raymond at the New York bookstore Judith's Room:
"You say we want to 'pass' as women. Well, I don't pass. I wear this Transexual Menace logo every place that I go. Between the two of us, only you pass as a woman. If, as de Beauvoir held, 'One is not born a woman, but becomes one,' if femininity is an invention of men foisted on women, if feminine behavior is a learned cultural performance of hair, clothing, voice, gesture, and stance so one is perceived as a female, then by presenting yourself as a woman it is you who have been co-opted into traditional sex roles, you who serve their institutions, and you who are performing here."In 1995 Wilchins worked with Phyllis Frye and Karen Kerin on a largely successful National Gender Lobby Day, a largely successful attempt to lobby every member of the US Government. Riding the excitement from the lobbying effort, Riki gave a rousing speech at that year's Be-all convention in Chicago on the need for a transgender organization to press for political change. In 1996 representatives from most US transgender organizations (but not Phyllis Frye after Wilchins took over the leadership of Lobby Day) met to charter the new organization GenderPAC. The paperwork was signed and Wilchins was named Executive Director.
A split quickly developed between those who wanted to keep the organization transgender specific and those who followed Wilchin's lead in addressing the gender expression of everybody. Policy Advisor JoAnn Roberts and President Angela Gardner resigned over this issue. That same year Riki wrote an article for TGForum with the ironic title '…Only a Crossdresser', in which s/he wrote:
"Once crossdressers ever *really* come out, and begin to enunciate the politics of the direct, head-on challenge their very existence poses to gender regimes, I think we have a truly revolutionary force on our hands, a potent force. The only question is, how long will they think of themselves, and allow so many of us to think of them, as '…only crossdressers?'"Also that year, when Sean O'Neill in Colorado was sentenced to 90 days for statutory rape after consensual sex but without revealing his gender history, Wilchins commented:
"If you look androgynous and someone wants to claim that you're passing yourself off as the other gender, you've just committed a felony".Riki also campaigned with Hermaphrodites With Attitude and Lesbian Avengers.
In 1997 hir book Read My Lips: Sexual Subversion and the End of Gender came out, and became one the iconic books of 'transgender' as it was then conceived, and along with Kate Bornstein and Leslie Feinberg, Wilchins was one of the 1990s iconic transgender persons. It was also a kickstart to the burgeoning Gender Queer movement. The book is a mixture of gender theory a la Judith Butler and Michel Foucault mixed with Riki's personal experiences. It also includes photographs by Mariette Pathy Allen. Amongst other things s/he says:
"I have no interest in being part of a transgender or transexual movement whose sole purpose is to belly up to the Big Table and help ourselves to yet another serving of identity Pie, leaving in our wake some other, more marginalized group to carry on its own struggle alone. What I am interested in is the original cultural gesture to regulate and contain what your body and mine can mean, or say, or do. The point of a gender liberation movement for me … is also about the seventeen-year-old Midwestern cheerleader whose health is destroyed by anorexia because 'real women' are supposed to be preternaturally thin. It's about the forty-six-year-old Joe Six-pack who wraps his car around a crowded school bus on the way home from the bar because 'real men' are supposed to be heavy drinkers. It's about the unathletic and fat little boy who's physically attacked by his classmates everyday after school. It's about the two lesbian lovers stalked and killed on the Appalachian trail in Virginia. It's about the aging body succumbing to an unnecessary hysterectomy because certain kinds of gendered bodies simply don't matter as much. And it's about the sensitive, straight young man who is repeatedly raped his first year in prison because, within that environment, he's received as genderqueer, genderdifferent, or simply gendervulnerable".Also:
"Academics, shrinks, and feminist theorists have traveled through our lives and problems like tourists on a junket. Picnicking on our identities like flies at a free lunch, they have selected the tastiest tidbits with which to illustrate a theory or push a book. The fact that we are a community under fire, is irrelevant to them. They pursue Science and Theory, and what they produce by mining our lives is neither addressed to us nor recycled within our community … Our performance of gender is invariably a site of contest, a problem which – if we could but bring enough hi-octane academic power to bear – might be solved".The same year GenderPAC produced The First National Study on Transviolence, with 402 respondents the most extensive study on violence against gender variant persons. Later in 1997 Wilchins and GenderPAC made a tactical agreement with the Human Rights Campaign (HRC) that 'gender identity' and 'gender expression' be dropped from that year's version of the Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA) to improve its chance of passing. In exchange both groups would lobby for gender variance to be added to the Hate Crimes Statistics Act. This of course infuriated the various trans activists groups – the more so as both acts failed to pass.
Wilchins was on the cover of the Summer 1999 Transgender Tapestry. By that time Wilchins had managed to push out of GenderPAC most representatives of the founding transgender organizations with the exception of Tony Barreto-Neto from TOPS and Carrie David from IFGE, and converted the supposedly political campaigning organization into a non-profit educational charity. GenderPAC started recruiting state and campus co-ordinators. In December 2000, Gina Reiss, GenderPAC Managing Director was quoted:
“I’m tired of the fact that 85% of the people calling the office are transgender people seeking help”.In a speech that year Wilchin said:
"A transgender struggle is an important thing, but it is not my fight. In fact I personally have no interest in being transexual or transgender… What I am interested in is the original cultural gesture to regulate what your body and mine can mean, or say, or do".In 2001 Tony Barreto-Neto was forced out. Later that year, Time Magazine selected Wilchins as one of "100 Civic Innovators for the 21st Century." Wilchins was a featured columnist on gender issues for The Advocate.
In 2002, Riki with Joan Nestle and Clare Howell edited GenderQueer: Voices from Beyond the Sexual Binary which included essays by Sylvia Rivera, JT Leroy, Cheryl Chase, Gina Reiss, Rusty Mae Moore and many others. It includes four essays by Wilchins: A Certain Kind of Freedom: Power and the Truth of Bodies. In the fourth, "Deconstructing Trans", s/he wrote:
"It's fair to say that 'transgender' was created by the gay and feminist movements. Its emergence became practically inevitable from the day those movements began moving away from gender. … Genderqueerness would seem to be a natural avenue for feminism to contest Woman's equation with nurturance, femininity, and reproduction: in short to trouble the project of Man. Yet feminists have been loath to take that avenue, in no small part because queering Woman threatens the very category on which feminism depends."In 2004 Riki published hir primer of theoretical concerns, Queer Theory, Gender Theory: An Instant Primer. However at $63 it was priced not to sell. S/he worked with anthropologist David Valentine. He helped hir edit Read My Lips, they wrote a paper together on violence against gender variant people, and s/he is frequently mentioned in his Imagining Transgender. They both critique the obligatory identity requirement for being transgender.
In 2006 Riki and hir wife adopted a baby girl.
In 2009 s/he closed GenderPac, and founded TrueChild which promotes "'gender transformative' approaches to philanthropy and policy that challenge rigid gender norms and inequities in order to improve life outcomes for at-risk youth".
In earlier days Riki prefered to spell 'transexual' with one 's' to avoid the medical implications. However more recently she has been spelling it 'transsexual'.
This site is called 'gender variance who's who' and so of course we welcome those who speak up for other forms of gender variance in addition to transgender and transsexual.
However Wilchins did upset many trans activists by downplaying the trans aspect of GenderPAC. S/he should have made it clear from the start what GenderPAC would be doing, and relied much less on donations from trans groups.
For 65 years Christina Jwar was a nurse to the black community in Ficksburg, Orange Free State (now Free State) on the border of Lesotho. She was affectionately known as Me Jwar (Mother Jwar).
At the age of 85 she became seriously ill with her legs and feet badly swollen. She was rushed to hospital, where she was undressed and revealed to be male-bodied. The shock of being revealed brought on a heart attack and she died.