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Essays on trans, intersex, cis and other persons and topics from a trans perspective.......All human life is here.

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    Part 1: Organizations & Activists, Equal marriage, Other Legislation.
    Part 2: Persons, Changebacks
    Part 3: Marriage, Lovers and Family, Trans Kids
    Part 4: Politics & Government, Celebrities, Sports
    Part 5: Schools, Universities & Colleges, Military, Cops & Firefighters, Conviction & Imprisonment, Homeless Shelters, US TSA, Nemeses,
    Part 6: Doctors & Sexologists, Medicine, Genetics, Legal, Deaths
    Part 7: Drag & Butch, Dress Reform, Homeogender Surgeries, Fashion, Beauty Pageants & Carnivals, Music & Performance,
    Part 8: Internet, Art, Radio, Television, Adverts, Pornography, Theatre, Cinema
    Part 9: Jargon, News Media, Journal Articles & Studies,
    Part 10: Archives & History, Books.

    Politics & Government



    Belgian Senator Petra De Sutter spoke to the Council of Europe on its Trans Resolution.

    Maria Clara de Sena, 36, Pernambuco, works for the UN Subcommittee for the Preventions of Torture.


    Amanda Simpson, previously the executive director of the U.S. Army Office of Energy Initiatives, is now US deputy assistant secretary of defense for operational energy.

    Anna Grodzka lost her seat in the Polish elections, as did all members of the two left-wing parties. New Statesman interview.

    Charlie Kiss, 49, Green candidate in Islington South and Finsbury.

    Deva Özenen ran for the Turkish Parliament.

    Emily Brothers, 50, blind, parent of 2, Labour Candidate in Sutton and Cheam.

    Daya Rani, several times Parliamentary candidate in Uttar Pradesh, murdered.

    Jennifer McCreath, Strength in Democracy Candidate, Avalon, Newfoundland.

    Júlia Mendes Pereira, on the National Board of Bloco de Esquerda (Left Bloc), Number 8 in the list for constituency of Setúbal. More

    Mike Honda, US Democratric Representative for Silicon Valley, is a proud grandfather of a trans girl.

    Raffi Freedman-Gurspan, 28, Outreach and Recruitment Director for Presidential Personnel in the White House Office of US Presidential Personnel.

    Rummie Quintero, was expecting to run for the United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV Chavismo) but was excluded. She said in March: “You should consider yourselves citizens, because we have six laws that recognize the principle of no discrimination based on sexual orientation, gender identity and gender expression….but we need to rise to these laws, because without [our participation], they are dead words. The state alone cannot be responsible.”

    Stella Gardiner, 48, with Aspergers Syndrome, Green Candidate in Bexleyheath and Crayford.

    Symmy Larrat, general coordinator for the Promotion of LGBT Rights of the Brazilian Secretariat for Human Rights.

    Tamara Adrian elected to the National Assembly for Caracas on behalf of Voluntad Popular, but was forced to do so under her male name. She is criticized: “her ties to Venezuela's aristocratic and right-wing circles have isolated her from the majority of the country's grassroots activists.'

    Zoe O'Connell, Liberal Democrat candidate for Maldon Essex, also Secretary of LGBT+Liberal Democrats.


    Stacie Laughton, 31, New Hampshire, elected to state House of Representatives in 2012, but didn't take seat because found that she was a convicted felon, was arrested again following a bomb threat to hospital.

    Janice Covington, 67, North Carolina politician.

    Cities, towns and regions 


      Diana Barrios Sanchez, 40, ran in Mexico City.

      Dylan Orr, 36, previously chief of staff at the US federal Office of Disability Employment Policy, was appointed to direct Seattle's Office of Labor Standards to oversee implementation of Seattle’s $15-an-hour minimum wage law.

      Lorenas Arenas, Soledad, Atlantico, Colombia, director of the Oficina para la Atención de la Comunidad LGBTI

      Madhu Kinnar elected mayor in Chhattisgarh’s Raigarh Municipal Corporation by 4357 votes.

      Osh Gantly, Labour Councillor, Islington, London, became the borough’s first dedicated Mental Health Champion.

      Pervez Khan ran for a women-reserved seat in Haripur, Pakistan. She was previously on the council 2001-5.

      Stu Rasmussen completed 6 years as mayor of Silverton, Oregon.


      Caitlyn Jenner, who liked being a husband and father so much that it was done two more times, and early in 2015 was involved in a vehicular incident that left a woman dead, has become known for the quote: “The hardest part about being a woman is figuring out what to wear”. She has set an excellent example of how to transition if you have $100 million, and have lots of media contacts. She is reported to have spent $70,000 on facial feminization (and perhaps a total of $4 million to transition), has been given an extensive collection of clothing by fashion designers, was paid $5 million for the television show I am Cait. Jenner has been quoted: “I’m not doing it for money. I’m doing it to help my soul and help other people”. She has been given awards by organizations that apparently know nothing about being trans. She has assured us that she will vote for the US Republican Party, all of whose candidates are determined to roll back trans rights.
                  Comments: Lasha    Rose McGowan    Genesis P Orridge    Erin Nugent     Kay Brown: “There are lots of transfolks who should be called heroes. Bruce Jenner is not one of them.” (This was one of Kay's best essays. Why has it been taken down?)

      Camille Paglia on Reason TV: On Roda Viva television in Brazil. “Sex reassignment surgery, even today with all of its advances, cannot in fact change anyone's sex. You can define yourself as a trans-man, or a trans-woman, as one of these new gradations along the scale, but ultimately, every single cell in the human body, the DNA in that cell, remains coded for your biological birth. .... Parents are now encouraged to subject the child to procedures that I think are a form of child abuse. The hormones to slow puberty, actual surgical manipulations, etcetera. I think that this is wrong.”

      Charlie Sheen spent $1.6 million on prostitutes in one year, and began to prefer “pre-op transsexuals”.

      Gloria Steinem on Channel 4:

      Leandra Leal, Brazilian actress, discovered trans woman Marquesa who had died in hospital, and paid the funeral expenses.

      Stephen Beatty, 23: 'I identify as a trans man, a faggy queen, a homosexual, a queer, a nerd fighter, a writer, an artist and a guy who needs a haircut'.

      Miley Cyrus,   Ruby Rose,  Sting's daughter Eliot declared that they are 'gender fluid'. Comment

      Susan Sarandon's son, Miles, praised by his mother for wearing dresses and choosing to identity outside typical gender norms.


      Anry Fuentes, cheerleader, supported by school, kicked out by mother.

      Aydian Dowling, bodybuilder, made the finals of the competition to appear on cover Men's Health magazine.

      Brenda Perez, cis female Spanish professional footballer, with help of make-up artist, and with knowledge of manager and referee, played in a male game and scored goals.

      Planet Fitness Gym, Michigan: Carlotta Sklodowska was complained about by a cis woman for using the locker room. The Gym cancelled the latter's membership.

      City Gym, Kansas City, Missouri, welcomed Jake during his transition.

      Chris Moser on the Team USA sprint duathlon men's team for the 2016 Olympics.

      Delia Johnston, 59, hated sport before transition, but was an ambassador at 2012 Olympics and is now an avid netball and badminton player. Runs Trans in Sport which encourages trans persons to do sports.

      Dutee Chand, cis sprinter who was disbarred after winning a bronze in the 2013 Asian Championships, won a ruling from the Court of Arbitration in Sports that “the level of natural testosterone in an athlete's body is insufficient to bar some women from competing against females”.

      Fallon Fox, MMA fighter, interviewed.

      Cis female footballer Genoveva Anonma in Equatorial Guinea forced to strip naked as sex test after scoring winning goal.

      Janae Marie Kroc, 42, world-record power lifter delaying transition.

      Jessie-Rennee Moore, 44, bodybuilder, bricklayer, bankrupt after transition.

      Jay Pulitano, swimmer at Sarah Lawrence College, competed on the women's team for three seasons before joining the men's team in the 2014-15 school year.

      Ex-boxing promoter, Kelly Maloney, completed transition, published autobiography, spoke at UKIP convention

      Michelle Stokes, rugby player for Queensland, left wife and 3 children, now has girlfriend also  trans .

      Mikki Nicholson, 36, Carlisle, UK national Scrabble champion 2010, suffered frequent abuse, committed suicide.

      Natalie van Gogh, cyclist, 1º in Trofee Maarten Wynants, , (Helchteren (F)) , Houthalen/Helchteren (Limburg); and 1º in Stage 1 Lotto-Decca Tour, Lotto-Belisol Tour, , (Belgium Tour (F)).

      Patti Dawn Swansson, sports writer, interviewed.

      Rose/Rot-Duan, Muay Thai fighter

      Savannah Burton on Canada's national women's dodgeball team.

      Schuyler Bailar, 19, Harvard, swimmer, given choice of men's or women's team. Chose former.

      Sylvia Castanada wins Vittoria Eastern States Cup.

      Veronica Simms , Texas ex-college footballer, in transition.

      Wendy Martinez, hairdresser and Mexico's only professional trans wrestler, Miss Gaviota.

      10-year-old boy, South Wales, disqualified from a swimming gala after coming second in a race, after being outed as trans. The boy’s school team was also disqualified from a relay race.

      Two trans teams played football organised by the Bangladesh Hijra Sporting Club at the Adhar Chandra Model High School ground in Savar, outside Dhaka.

      The anti-homophobia football matches at University of Nottingham were cancelled after a trans man, Luke Hutchinson, was barred unless he provided blood tests at a cost to him of £70. Luke said that he felt that this was too onerous for an amateur tournament.

      Australian trans and intersex persons say that ostracised from playing sports.

      Zagria's 3-part series, Sports, Gender and Trans, was revised and expanded.

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      Part 1: Organizations & Activists, Equal marriage, Other Legislation.
      Part 2: Persons, Changebacks
      Part 3: Marriage, Lovers and Family, Trans Kids
      Part 4: Politics & Government, Celebrities, Sports
      Part 5: Schools, Universities & Colleges, Military, Cops & Firefighters, Conviction & Imprisonment, Homeless Shelters, US TSA, Nemeses
      Part 6: Doctors & Sexologists, Medicine, Genetics, Legal, Deaths
      Part 7: Autogynephilia, Drag, Butch, Dress Reform, Homeogender Surgeries, Fashion, Beauty Pageants, Music & Performance
      Part 8: Internet, Art, Radio, Television, Adverts, Pornography, Theatre, Cinema
      Part 9: Jargon, News Media, Journal Articles & Studies,
      Part 10: Archives & History, Books.

      Schools, Universities & Colleges


      Adriana Souza, 33, director of the General State School on Moreira Island, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul.

      Amanda Swager, 32 chemistry teacher in Chino, California, raised male but female DNA, changed to female over a weekend.

      Andrea Carolina, Mixed Secondary School No. 4, La Estancia, in Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico, dismissed at parents' demand, put to administrative work, but Court of Arbitration ruled that she should be reassigned back to teaching.

      Camila Godoi, 43, São Paulo, dismissed by Colégio Cristão de Jundiaí, and from the secular Colégio Anglo-Jacareí on the same day.

      Gayle Roberts, 1st teacher in Vancouver to transition in 1995, is now retired.

      Jes Simmons, 61, has returned to academia after 18 years of discrimination.

      Kai M Green, teaches queer studies at Northwestern University.

      Karen Scott teaching in Yosemite, California High school.

      Kath Khangpiboon was offered a job at Thammasat University, then the offer was retracted.

      Lucas, elementary school teacher, Florida. One parent filed a complaint.

      Luiza Coppieters, 36, taught philosophy at Colégio Anglo Leonardo da Vinci, São Paulo, transferred to admin work at ⅓ of salary, despite support of students.

      Manabi Banerjee appointed head of the Krishnanagar Women’s College in West Bengal.

      Nourhan, with 12 years experience of teaching engineering, was not allowed to continue at Al Azhar University, Cairo.

      Rachel Tudor was terminated at Southeastern Oklahoma State University in 2011 despite a recommendation for tenure. US Justice Department filed lawsuit 2015 alleging discrimination.

      Sandy Stone, 1970s pioneer, professor at UC Santa Cruz, interviewed. Part 2.

      Sports teacher, Alexandre Lopes de Pádua Arsênio, 31, in Curitiba, Paraná, has been arrested for killing sex workers and trans women


      Anamika at Indian Instiute of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal, wrote about herself in the campus newsletter.

      Anindita Mukherjee asked the NALSAR Law University in Hyderabad to issue their degree certificate with the Mx honorific.

      Chris Kean, lunchtime supervisor at a Cambridgeshire primary school starting transition. Headteacher arranging for pupils to take a presentation so that they understand.

      Elliot Parrot, elected as Oxford University Student Union Trans Officer.

      Jack Saddleback elected University of Saskatchewan Student Union President – the 4th aboriginal and 1st trans.

      Maria Clara Araújo, one of 95 students allowed to use their real name rather than their birth name in applying for university in Brazil.

      Patrícia Aguilera graduated from Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina using her real name, not her birth name.

      Sam Lillit, Melbourne, declared as gender-queer, uses both sets of toilets at school.


      Edge Hill University, Ormskirk, Lancashire now offers a module, The Drag Kings and Drag Queens of Performance, given by Mark Edward whose drag persona, Gale Force, opened the Liverpool Homotopian festival in 2012.


      Abigail Austen, UK Army transitioned in 2007 as Jan Hamilton, served with NATO as Austen, now lives in Liverpool.

      Carla Lewis, discharged from USAF for 'mental disorders'. Photo wearing t-shirt with message “Transgender Veteran: I fought for your right to hate me” viewed online 15,000 times.

      Denee Mallon, 75, Albequerque, ex-US Army, 3 ex-wives, 5 children, became 1st person to be approved for transgender surgery under Medicare.

      Doga Asi Cevik ex-Turkish Army, trans activist, died from complications after transgender surgery.

      Hannah Winterbourne, UK Army's TG representative, completed surgery.

      Helena, Serbian army officer, told to resign, won a ruling from human rights that the army had discriminated.

      Jennifer Long, after two marriages, and 29 years in US Army, transitioned.

      Jennifer Peace, 30, US Army Intelligence officer, post-op but regarded as a man by Army and addressed as 'sir'.

      Jolee Al-Villar, sued USAF Research Laboratory, Kirtland, New Mexico for compensation after bullying, and being forced out.

      Landon Wilson, kicked out of US military.

      Logan Ireland, USAF, attended LGBT reception at White House.

      Marianna Lively, 17, who has not yet changed her documents, reported for conscription as is required for all Brazilians registered as male, and photographs of her and harassment appeared on social media.

      Rae Nelson, Navy Reserve and Arkansas Transgender Equality Coalition.

      Scachar, lieutenant in the IDF, is now a man.

      Shane Ortega, 28, sergeant in US Army, bodybuilder, man for 5 years.

      Sheri Swokowski, 64, in US infantry for 34 years, will march in Pentagon Pride.

      Cops & Firefighters

      Brooke Guinan, 28, New York fire fighter, directed FDNY's “It Get's Better' video.

      Stephanie Robinson, 61, became a police officer after transition. “never felt like she was trapped in a wrong body “.

      Tamil Nadu police now have 3 trans constables a trans sub-inspector.


      Roman police arrested a gang of Argentinian and Roumanian gangsters who trafficked Argentinian trans women to Rome and controlled them by drugs and violence.

      Conviction & Imprisonment


      Mandi Camille Hauwert, guard at San Quentin State Prison.

      An Arizona prison guard is suing the state Department of Corrections saying he has been the victim of discrimination.


      Note: the UK prison guidelines state: “trans people should be located according to their lived genders as opposed to their legal ones”. This was ignored in the cases of Vicky Thompson, Joanne Latham and Tara Hudson.

      Ashley Diamond, US Georgia, released after serving about a third of her 12-year sentence for burglary and other convictions, after Justice Department said officials must treat a gender identity condition just as they other medical conditions.

      Bianca Sawyer, first pre-op trans inmate in British Columbia to be transferred to a women's facility.

      Brendon Forrest, NZ, is suing for hormone treatment.

      Chelsea Manning, interviewed by Cosmopolitan.

      Dominique Gulley, 23, at Wisconsin's maximum security prison has sued officials there, claiming they are violating her rights by not allowing her to live as a woman.

      Jade Follett, NZ, has been moved from Rimutaka Prison near Wellington to a women's facility after a protest group raised her plight in the media. She had made a written request 2 months earlier, but it was not processed when a staff member went on leave.

      Joanne Latham, 38, sentenced for attempted murder, died in HMP Woodhill, Milton Keynes, a Category A male prison.

      Katelyn Findlay, 21, found serving time in Scotland's Corton Vale women's prison 'hell'. Now out and working as a escort.

      Ky Peterson, 23, US Georgia, is serving 20 years (with 15 in confinement) Pulaski State Prison, a women's facility, for the October 2011 involuntary manslaughter of his rapist, whomhe shot in self-defense.

      Mia Rosati, 59, California, won a ruling by Federal Appeals Court that her rights may have been violated.

      Michelle Kosilek, 65, Massachusetts, lost again in her attempt to get transgender surgery while in jail, this time at the US Supreme Court.

      Michelle-Lael Norsworthy released one day before federal appeals court was to hear her request for California to pay for SRS.

      Mishelw Lojan, an Ecuadorian, was sexually assaulted in Westchester county jail, New York. Westchester will pay $65k in compensation.

      MT, New York, was repeatedly repeatedly raped by a Rikers Island correction officer and jail officials did nothing to stop it.

      Jesse Hawthorne, 23, Newport, Wales, convicted of sending revenge porn photographs of ex-girlfriend.

      Sandy Brown, Baltimore, mistreated in Maryland prison of Patuxent, obtained a ruling against the prison staff.

      Senthooran Kanagasingham, 41, convicted of manslaughter of trans lawyer Sonia Burgess, was found dead in her cell at the all-male Belmarsh Prison.

      Portuguese Sofía Janeiro, 18, and the Spanish Alesandra Chanel, 36, were arrested at the Burj Khalifa metro station in Dubai accused of using a female toilet. Each has been sentenced to a fine of 2,000 dirhams (478 Euros). They could not afford this and are in Dubai's central prison. While they live and identify as women, their passports do not agree. Amnesty International has called for their immediate release.

      Tara Hudson, 26, sent to all-male Bristol Prison until a fuss made in Parliament and in the press. Then transferred to Eastwood Park prison, for women, then released after serving half her sentence of 12 weeks.

      Veronica Bolina, 25, stripped, head shaved, face pulverized by guards in Sao Paulo prison.

      Vicky Thompson, 21, found dead in all-male HMP Leeds.

      Asli A. a convict in Maltepe prison, Turkey, was granted the right to change gender following the issue of a doctor’s report stating the inmate had gender dysphoria

      Trans woman arrested during Baltimore riots in April was compelled to remove her bra, and put in a male holding cell.

      California prison system announces rules to get state-funded SRS: diagnosed with GD, lived as target gender for 12 months, expressed a desire for 2 years.

      US Georgia: new policy that if an inmate is diagnosed with gender dysphoria, a treatment plan will be developed to address the patient's physical and mental health. The plan will take into account prior treatment but will also be reviewed and updated as necessary.

      Ontario: More than 40 transgender prisoners have been jailed according to their chosen identity, rather than their physical attributes.

      In the Resocialisation Centre at Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, evangelicals among the prisoners auctioned the trans prisoners. To end this practice, the authorities created a special wing for LGBT prisoners.

      La Picota prison, Bogota, trans prisoners working together for more dignity, following the 2011 Constitutional Court ruling.

      Adelanto Detention Facility in the Mojave Desert of Southern California, a private prison run by GEO Group. 92 national civil-rights groups sent a letter to President Obama on Monday urging him to halt an impending transfer of transgender detainees to this facility.

      The condition of trans prisoners in la Unidad Penitenciaria 44 de Batán, Buenes Aires Province , were denounced by a Provincial Commission.

      Homeless shelters

      Activist Öykü Ay, Istanbul, organised a shelter for trans persons. 

      Misa, refugee from Syria: “If it were not for the Trans Guesthouse, I would be on the streets now”.

      Casa Ruby– run by Ruby Corado, Washington DC, for trans persons.

      Shelter at Perry Township, Indiana, still puts tarns women in with men.

      Washington DC, number of beds doubles ta LGBT youth shelter run by Ruby Corado.

      US Department of Housing and Urban Development issued guidance calling for access to shelter and programs to be based on a person’s self-identified gender. PDF

      US Transportation Security Administration

      TSA using X-Ray security machines single out trans persons as 'anomalies'.

      Shadi Petosky, flying from Orlando was delayed by TSA and missed her flight for having a body anomaly.

      Jen Richards was harassed at Chicago Midway airport.

      U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit issued an order in the National Center for Transgender Equality’s (NCTE) lawsuit against the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). The lawsuit was filed in July 2015 against DHS for failing to comply with the Court’s 2011 order to create regulations for the Transportation Security Administration’s (TSA) use of full body scanners in airports.


      2015 Michigan Womyn's Music Festival announced to be the last.

      Acra Lee Turner, 60, Baptist pastor, claims gay, and especially trans people, are dangerous pedophiles, violent rapists and ‘sex offenders’. He, himself, was previously convicted of violent rape.

      Erick Erickson, on Fox News, blamed the shooting by white racist Dylann Roof of 9 black church-goers on society's acceptance of trans persons.

      Family Research Council issued Understanding and Responding to the Transgender Movement, PDF. “There is no rational or compassionate reason to affirm a distorted psychological self-concept that one’s “gender identity” is different from one’s biological sex.”

      Franklin Graham joined the 'bathroom panic' hysteria.

      Jennifer LeClaire, senior editor on Christian news outlet, Charisma, blames Satan for rise in trans acceptance.

      Germaine Greer still refuses to be polite about trans persons, and despite a petition against it, she gave a lecture at Cardiff University

      Linda Harvey: “Demonic spirits are hard at work in the souls of many confused, defenseless children, seducing them to embrace nightmares of mutilated identity and dehumanizing sexual practices…”

      Lynn Baker/Dirt has been featuring articles about trans persons (mainly trans men) who develop illnesses. Dirt ascribes the problem to other-sex hormones. MoreMore.

      Michael Savage: “What is this, upstaging the other guy who is simply gay?” Savaged wondered. “This is how crazy this is becoming. It’s not cool enough now just to be gay and have a husband as a gay man, now you have to be a transsexual who cuts your schmendrick off and becomes a woman. I really don’t following this, it’s insanity. It’s the meltdown of an entire society, it’s insane.”
      Eduardo Cunha, now president of Brazil's lower house, is blocking any pro-LGBT bills.

      The US GOP/Republican candidates have vied with each other to be more homo/transphobic. Caitlyn Jenner has announced that she will vote for one of them. More

      0 0

      Part 1: Organizations & Activists, Equal marriage, Other Legislation.
      Part 2: Persons, Changebacks
      Part 3: Marriage, Lovers and Family, Trans Kids
      Part 4: Politics & Government, Celebrities, Sports
      Part 5: Schools, Universities & Colleges, Military, Cops & Firefighters, Conviction & Imprisonment, Homeless Shelters, US TSA, Nemeses
      Part 6: Doctors & Sexologists, Medicine, Genetics, Legal, Deaths
      Part 7: Autogynephilia, Drag, Butch, Dress Reform, Homeogender Surgeries, Fashion, Beauty Pageants, Music & Performance
      Part 8: Internet, Art, Radio, Television, Adverts, Pornography, Theatre, Cinema
      Part 9: Jargon, News Media, Journal Articles & Studies,
      Part 10: Archives & History, Books.

      Doctors & Sexologists

      World Medical Association issued guidelines: being transgender is not a disorder and WMA explicitly rejects "coercive treatment or forced behavior modification”.

      Dr Curtis Crane, San Francisco, one of only a few surgeons in the U.S. performing a high volume of phalloplasties.

      Ece, 41, Instanbul dentist, fired by her clinic.

      Rachel Levine confirmed as Pennsylvania physician general.

      Richard Curtis, who took over Russell Reid's practice, under investigation since 2011, is now cleared.

      Williams Institute at UCLA School of Law, Columbia University and The Fenway Institute at Fenway Health launching detailed study of trans in US.

      Dr Catherine Syengo Mutisya is a consultant psychiatrist in Nairobi who has 2 trans clients, one of whom has had surgery.

      Dr Douglas Ousterhout's home, otherwise known as the Mrs Doubtfire's House, 2650 Steiner St, San Francisco, currently worth $3,400,000, was subjected to an arson attack by Tyqwon Eugenen Welch, who was dissatisfied by his work, and wanted her $45,000 refunded.

      Dr Thep Vechavisit, Bangkok, possibly the world's cheapest transgender surgery at 70,000 baht.

      Chilean College of Psychologists issued a statement that there is no scientific basis for supposed cures of homosexuality and transsexuality.


      CAMH, Toronto, reviewed trans youth program after outcry. The external review reported in December that the Clinic for children and youth was “out of touch, engaging in serious ethical lapses and utilizing practices that verged on reparative therapy”. The clinic was closed, and Kenneth Zucker is no longer with CAMH.

      The transphobia at Johns Hopkins University Clinic. (previous history: Part 1, PartII)

      MedStar Georgetown University Hospital, Washington DC, has discontinued top surgery for trans women as they do not have enough surgeons to meet demand.

      Maricopa Integrated Health System, Phoenix, Arizona for trans men with women's health concerns,

      Legal issues:

      Bobbie Pearson, London, Ontario, suing Ontario Health Insurance Plan for reimbursement of $20,000 it cost for transgender surgery that she had in Pennsylvania, but without the approval of the CAMH Gender Clinic.

      Jakob Rumble, Minnesota, treated rudely when admitted to hospital with inflamed female organs. First extensive federal court analysis of Section 1557 of the 2010 Affordable Care Act. The provision prohibits discrimination by health care providers and is the first federal civil rights law barring sex discrimination in health care. Rumble is suing.

      Michaela Raab, 40, Nuremburg, suing doctors at University Hospital Erlangen, who 20 years ago put her on female hormones and removed her clitoris/penis without telling her that she had 46 XY chromosomes. She has had health problems since and is asking for €250,000 in damages and a monthly pension of €1,600.

      Medicine & Genetics

      37-year-old man, Lancashire, discovered to have an interior uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes and ovaries.

      Being Young and Trans Is Not the Result of a Hormonal Imbalance.

      biological origins of sexual orientation and gender identity

      Comorbidity and Side Effects of Cross-Sex Hormone Treatment in Transsexual Subjects. Based on 2000+ patients in US and Europe. Article.

      US FDA bans trans women from donating blood because they are considered to be gay men.

      trans women to give birth within five years 

      health benefits from mtf surgery: lower insulin resistance and lower accumulation of fat in the liver.

      Long-term hormone treatment (HRT) for transgender people is safe

      no real difference between male and female brains

      Trans men lose ability to multi-task.

      Is osteoarthritis twice as common in women because of high heels?

      The medical pros and cons of suppressing puberty

      PrEP, HIV preventative medicine works for trans women

      penis transplants from a cadaver in SA and US

      a century of misconceptions about X & Y chromosomes

      XY Indian gives birth to twins

      Identical twins

      Raised together in New Zealand. Only Mary transitioned.
      Lily, St Albans, now 6, knew at 18mths that she was a girl.
      Luana, 8, youngest person to register gender change under recent Argentinian law.
      Nicole, 18, her family's story is now published: Becoming Nicole.
      Aiden, 55, featured in ITV documentary Secret Life of Twins.


      Amiee Stephens, Detroit area funeral director fired in 2013, case continues with support of U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.

      Audrey Mbuga and four other Kenyans are suing to compel the state to register their names on ID cards.

      Angela Dawson, Vancouver, awarded $15,000 after police officers misgendered her and she was not allowed to dilate.

      Christine Kitzler, 48, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, defeated an attempt by her parents just before surgery. They claimed that she was mentally unsound in that she had a childhood learning disability and bouts of depression. However the judge ruled that Christine knew what she doing, and allowed the operation to continue.

      Dana Zzyym, represented by Lamda Legal, suing US State Department because denied passport in that could not accurately choose either male of female on the application form.

      Mexican refugee claimant in US, Edin Carey Avendano-Hernandez, who suffered years of sexual and physical abuse, won a ruling that cannot be deported to Mexico despite a felony conviction. "Country conditions evidence shows that police specifically target the transgender community for extortion and sexual favors and that Mexico suffers from an epidemic of unsolved violent crimes against transgender persons," Judge Jacqueline Nguyen wrote for the 9th Circuit panel.

      Peruvian singer Fiorella Cava attempts to regain her law degree.

      Mr & Mrs Crawford v. Medical University of South Carolina, Greenville Health System. Doctors performed unnecessary sex assignment surgery on their son when he was 16 months old. He was born with both male and female reproductive organs, but “there was no medical necessity to remove any of his genital tissue,” his adoptive parents said in their lawsuit. Doctors should have let M.C. eventually choose a gender for himself, they contend.

      Lawyers for Gavin Grim who is challenging being barred from boy's restrooms at his school, asked for judge to be removed after he repeatedly referred to plaintiff's 'mental disorder'.

      Jackie Ravesi, fitness trainer, Framingham, Massachusetts, fired 5 years ago. Massachusetts Commission Against Discrimination ruled that she should get 5 year's back pay plus $25,000 for emotional damages.

      JK wished to amend the birth certificates of her two children to contain her post-transition name rather than her male name, and to say 'parent' rather than 'father'. The High Court of Justice ruled against this request.

      K Prithika Yashin applied to be a police sub-inspector in Tamil Nadu, but was rejected because third gender. She sued and a court in Chennai ruled in her favour. Tamil Nadu police already have 3 trans constables.

      Kate Lynn Blatt, Pennsylvania, sued for discrimination after losing her job in 2008, and thereby is testing the Americans with Disabilities Act which explicitly excludes “immoral” conditions including “transvestism, transsexualism, pedophilia, exhibitionism, voyeurism, gender identity disorders not resulting from physical impairments, or other sexual behavior disorders”.

      Kay Browning, 24, Devon, sued after not allowed to use men's toilets, has reached out-of-court settlement.

      Luc Athayde-Rizzaro, 25, Brazilian lawyer with Inter-American Commission on Human Rights.

      Monica Jones, arrested 2013 for accepting a ride from an undercover cop and thereby charged with prostitution, has had all charges dismissed, but the Arizona law, that gives police license to arrest people for engaging in lawful activity, including talking to passersby, without evidence that the person actually planned to do sex work, still stands.

      Nikki Araguz: Texas Appeals Court re-validated her marriage to her deceased husband, and sent it back to the judge who originally voided their marriage.

      Phyllis Frye, judge in Houston, profiled.

      Tristan Broussard, 21, Lake Charles, Louisiana, filed sex-discrimination lawsuit after forced to leave job. A company executive found out he was listed on his driver's license as female. The executive demanded he dress and act like a woman, something he refused to do.

      Vasudevan Ramoo’s application to be recognised as a female by the National Registration Department (NRD)’s director-general was rejected by a High Court judge.

      A Buenos Aires Judge Victor Trionfetti upheld a claim for damages initiated by a trans woman, denouncing the institutional violence suffered in her life over 60 years. He ordered the Government of the City of Buenos Aires pay monthly the equivalent of a vital and minimum wage, 4,716 pesos, for violating her constitutional and essential rights.

      Costa Rica's Constitutional Court dismissed an appeal by a woman who sough coverage for her surgery from the public health system.

      New York Law School Impact Center presented a Salon on Transgender Issue September 29 2015.

      Saks Fifth Avenue Claims It Has A Right To Discriminate Against Transgender Employees, but was persuaded to withdraw.

      US Department of Justice addressed the transgender exclusion written into the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), urging the court to ignore the exclusion in order to avoid a constitutional problem.


      Cis Persons


      Roberto Granato (1926 – 2014) sex change surgeon, patients included Diane Kearny, Renee Richards, Eleanor Schuler, Jeanne Hoff


      James Dalrymple (1931 – 2014) sex-change surgeon who worked with Russell Reid.

      Norma Czinki (1944 – 2015) wife of Douglas Czinki who became Angela Douglas.

      Leee Childers (1945 – 2014) long term flat-mate of Jayne County and photographer of drag-queens.

      Trans Obituaries – other than being murdered


      Malva Solis (1923 -2015) Chilean moved to Argentina, ex-sex worker, recently in nursing home. More

      Aaïcha Bergamin, (1932 – 2014) performer, sex worker, activist, ran second Dutch Madame Arthur, of lung cancer.

      Kathey Anne Noble (1935 – 2015) Brisbane activist, author of Two Lives. More

      Paula Hartigan (19?? - 2015) activist in Sydney, NSW.

      Jim Bailey (1938 – 2015) female impersonator, from complications from pneumonia.

      Holly Woodlawn (1946 – 2015) film icon, performer, after a period of illness.

      Sally Gross (1953 – 2015) anti-apartheid and intersex activist, founder of Intersex South Africa. More

      Marla Krolikowski (1953 – 2015) teacher at Catholic high school in Queens, NY, fired in 2011, died in hospital, her wife in attendence.

      Candice Kelly (1957 – 2015) Toronto drag queen. Active in Imperial Court of Toronto.

      Sandra Clark (1959 – 2014) principal horn player for the Toledo Symphony, of brain cancer.

      Jovana Luna (1978 – 2015) San Francisco outreach coordinator for El/La Para Translatina .

      Doga Asi Cevik (1980 – 2015) ex-soldier, trans activist, from complications after transgender surgery. Featured in book Dönmelere Doyamadık (We Cannot Get Enough of Transsexuals).

      Synestra De Courcy (1993 – 2015) head-boy at school, survived rape, robbery and prostitution, died at a house party days before being accepted for treatment on the NHS.

      Killed or assaulted by a trans person:


      Adrieli de Almeida Silva, 26, Cruzeiri do Sul, Acre, Brazil, killed trans woman Bia da Silva, an ex-lover. While in custody, killed trans woman Letitia Siribelo, 19, who owed her R$ 3 mil.

      Cait Jenner, then still Bruce, rear-ended car driven by Kim Howe who was killed. Criminal charges were not pursued, but Howe's family and those of the third car are suing.

      Centia Renee Martin, 36, hired as a topless maid and masseuse, killed client. News articles do not mention that she is trans.

      Connor MacCalister, Maine, killed random woman in supermarket. Waived right to trial and any mental health defense. And has returned to identifying as female. Sentenced to life imprisonment.

      Helen Doe, Croydon, employed by Metropolitan Police Uniform Services, who battered her brother on the head with an iron bar while sleep-walking, cleared of attempted murder.

      Lee Bodsworth, Sudbury, Ontario, charged with sexual assault on a minor, agreed to a lessor charge of assault. The facts were not disclosed in court. Bodsworth got to a suspended sentence and 18 months probation.

      Lynn Edward Benton, former police sergeant, on trial for killing his wife, trial rescheduled to 2016.

      Madison Reid subjected to transphobia and reacted by striking Bruce Archambault dozens of times with a aluminium bat, killing him. Convicted of manslaughter.

      Mirella de Souza e Silva, Piracicabo, São Paulo province, ordered killing of Bee Felippe (also trans sex worker), and has been sentenced to 15 years.

      Nicola Cope, Tamworth, Staffordshire, transitioned 2008, jailed for 16 years for raping 2 young girls 1987-2003.

      Tang/Black Rose drugs and robs men met online.

      Witchai Sripalang, Pattaya, attacked, with stilletto heel, Irish tourist Michael Merry, potential trick after rejection.

      Death resulting from Silicone Injections


      Alicia Clarke, St Louis, Missouri arrested in connection with death after butt injection.
      Donnie Hendrix/Viva arrested and convicted.

      Padge Victoria Windslowe found guilty of third-degree murder of UK tourist Claudia Aderotimi in 2011. Sentenced to 10 years.

      Alison de Sousa, 20-year-old trans sex worker died in brothel in Uberaba, Minas Gerais, from silicone injection.

      Nitica Deonte Lee, 44, Dallas, charged with manslaughter of 22-year-old dancer.


      Karis Anne Ross (1978 – 2014) special ed teacher, Milwaukee, after 10 years of bullying.

      Mikki Nicholson, (1978 – 2014) Carlisle, UK national Scrabble champion 2010, suffered frequent abuse, committed suicide.

      Jess Ships (1983 – 2015) ex-USAF, who counseled other suicidal vets.

      May Peleg (1984 – 2015) left ultra-Orthodox Jewish community, later committed suicide, left will that to be cremated, family opposed this as per Jewish custom. Israeli Supreme Court ruled for will of the deceased.

      Sumaya Dalmar (1988 – 2015) Somali-born Torontonian model.

      Ashley Hallstrom, (1989 – 2015), Utah, posted suicide letter on Facebook and then walked in front of dump truck.

      Rachel Bryk (1992 -2013) games developer, suffering chronic pain from rheumatoid arthritis, also online bullying.

      Charlotte Loh (1993 – 2015) Auckland, after bullying and abuse.

      Blake Brockington (1996 - 2015) homecoming king of East Mecklenburg High School 2014, recently at University of North Carolina, Charlotte, committed suicide.

      Leelah Acorn (1997 – 2014) raised by conservative Christian family in Ohio. Buried under her male name. Resulting petitions etc led to US President Obama pledging to work towards banning conversion therapy.

      Ashlyn Haffner (1998 – 2015) North Carolina, after bullying at school.

      Taylor Alesana (1999 – 2015) Fallbrook, California, after bullying at school.

      Zander Mahaffey (1999 – 2015) Ohio, bullied by family.
      Kyler Prescott, (2001 - 2015), San Diego, after cyber bullying.

      Murdered Trans persons

      271 murders of trans persons were recorded in 2015, and many more died without being recorded. These are but a small sample.

      Daya Rani (1959 – 2015) Indian presidential candidate 2009, murdered by estranged nephew-in-law.

      Torrance Cheeves/Miss Whoochie (1964 – 2015) San Antonio drag performer.

      Kristina Gomez Reinwald (1973 – 2015) Miami, performer.

      Diana Sacayán (1975 – 2015) Argentinian activist, given first revised ID card by President.

      Hande O. (1979 – 2015) Turkish asylum seeker in Austria.

      Vanessa Santillan, (1982 - 2015) sex worker, Fulham, London, previously Mexico, killed by her husband when he caught her with a client.

      Tamara Dominguez (1983 – 2015) Kansas City, run over by SUV 3 times.

      Wanderson Maia dos Santos (1983 – 2015) Coroado, Manaus, Brazil, found in vacant lot after missing for two days.

      Bárbara Sodré (1985 – 2015) Sergipe, Brazil, preparing to get out of sex work, killed by client who did not want to pay.

      Mya Hall (1986 – 2015) Baltimore, drove off in a SUV belonging to a trick, took a restricted exit, and shot dead at entrance to National Security Agency.

      Dilan Parra Vera (1988 – 2015) La Pintana, Chile, killed for sexual jealousy.

      Pui (1990 - 2015) dancer with the Beija-Flor samba school, Rio. Video on social media of her being tortured for being in the wrong favela.

      Tyrone Lee Underwood (1990 – 2015) Texas, killed by boyfriend

      Juliana Andrea Pérez, (1992 - 2015) San Pedro de los Milagros, Antioquia, Colombia, killed with her boyfriend.

      Bri Golec (1992 – 2015) Akron, Ohio, murdered by her father.

      Penny Proud (1993 – 2015) New Orleans, shot multiple times during robbery.

      Carlos Neto Alves Júnior (1994 – 2015) São Paulo, and 5 cis women killed by serial killer Jorge Luis Morais de Oliveira

      Keisha Jenkins (1993 – 2015) Philadelphia, whilst being robbed.

      Marcio Henrique Barbosa Cruz (199? - 2015) Brazilian in Naples, killed by 2 Nigerians in drug trade.

      Zella Ziona, (1994 - 2015), Maryland, killed by an acquaintance.

      Laura Vermont (1997 – 2015) São Paulo, in a fight with another trans woman, when military police arrived, and she was shot dead.

      Michael (2002 -2015) Araraquara, São Paulo state, abandoned by mother at age 2, taken from grandfather who put the boy to work, ran away from shelter and became a trans prostitute at age 12. Died of 15 stab wounds and broken fingers.

      Cold Cases:


      Lake County, Florida Sheriff's office issued sketch of unknown 1988 murder victim only now discovered to be trans by DNA analysis.

      Kathy Foster, 24 in 1990 when she was murdered in Ontario, Los Angeles. DNA evidence may now convict her killer.

      Brandy Martell, 37 in 2012, when killed in San Francisco. Police have identified killer who was himself killed later that year.


      Here is the best list of names for October 2013-September 2014    Overview.

      Note the general increase: 162 in 2009
      179 in 2010
      221 in 2011
      265 in 2012
      238 in 2013 (which is slightly less bad than 2012)
      226 in 2014 (again slightly less bad)
      271 in 2015
      Of course most countries did not supply data.  In particular, the  totals for Africa (see below) are surprisingly low.  

      In 2015, again, most of the murders were in the Americas: Brazil (118), Mexico (34), USA (27), Colombia (15).

      Over the seven years that TransRespect has reported, “the highest absolute numbers have been found in countries with strong trans movements and trans or LGBT organizations that do a professional monitoring: Brazil (770), Mexico (217), Colombia (98), Venezuela (90) and Honduras (79) in Central and South America, the USA (129) in North America, Turkey (39) and Italy (32) in Europe, and India (53), the Philippines (37) and Pakistan (34) in Asia.”

      “The relative numbers show even more worrisome results for some countries with smaller population sizes. Honduras, for instance, has a rate of 9.56 reported trans killings per million inhabitants, for Guyana the rate is 5.00, while for Brazil the rate is 3.84, for Mexico the rate is 1.77, and for the USA the rate is 0.40.”

      “In the last 7 ½ years:

      1,507 killings of trans people have been reported in Central and South America, which account for 78 % of the globally reported murders of trans people since January 2008. In this region, there has been the strongest increase in reports and with 23 countries Central and South America is the best documented region.
      174 killings of trans people have been reported in Asia in 16 countries;
      134 killings of trans people have been reported in North America;
      104 killings of trans people have been reported in Europe in 15 countries;
      9 killings of trans people have been reported in Africa in 4 countries;
      5 killings of trans people have been reported in Oceania in 4 countries.”

      0 0

      Part 1: Organizations & Activists, Equal marriage, Other Legislation.
      Part 2: Persons, Changebacks
      Part 3: Marriage, Lovers and Family, Trans Kids
      Part 4: Politics & Government, Celebrities, Sports
      Part 5: Schools, Universities & Colleges, Military, Cops & Firefighters, Conviction & Imprisonment, Homeless Shelters, US TSA, Nemeses
      Part 6: Doctors & Sexologists, Medicine, Genetics, Legal, Deaths
      Part 7: Autogynephilia, Drag, Butch, Dress Reform, Homeogender Surgeries, Fashion, Beauty Pageants, Music & Performance
      Part 8: Internet, Art, Radio, Television, Adverts, Pornography, Theatre, Cinema
      Part 9: Jargon, News Media, Journal Articles & Studies,
      Part 10: Archives & History, Books.

      Autogynephilia - maybe I should have put this blog under Nemeses.

      For those who prefer orthodox Blanchardism, there is Kay Brown's On the Science of Changing Sex.
      And Alice Dreger's new book – see Part 10.

      However Jack Moloy's Crossdreamers, reconstructed the phenomenon as a positive experience and with a non-pathological terminology. See Part 10 for his new book.


      Michelle DuBarry, now 84, is Guinness World Record Oldest Performing Drag Queen.

      Panti Bliss awarded honorary degree at Trinity College Dublin.  Also gave a TEDx talk.


      Lynn Baker/Dirt wrote a very honest autobiographical essay about being butch that is well-worth reading: Ain't I a Woman-The Problematics of Butch Privilege. “Because like men, I cant see how women are when I'm not around. ... As a white person, I've been elevated via internalized racism and as a woman whom they put in the category of man, I've been elevated via internalized misogyny. All spelling out, not only am I not one of them [ie women], they perceive me due to cultural prejudices/sexism as BETTER than them! I'm someone to be served, flirted with, sexually available for, treated with respect, deferred to, in other words-I'm someone who isnt a woman.”

      Dress Reform

      High school in Mexico City has a 'skirt day' when most boys wear a skirt, and most girls a tie.

      Homeogender Surgeries and Dysmorphic Disorder

      Multiple surgeries is in no way specific to trans persons.

      Woman who couldn't have sex gets artificial vagina made from PIG intestine

      Circumcised men may be able to regrow their foreskin.

      Botched - reality show on E! Webpage


      Selfridges, Oxford St, London, eliminates its separate women and menswear departments in favour of three floors of unisex clothes.

      Andreja Pejic, appeared in Vogue, more

      Ava London had a famous lover, attacked in a gay club.

      Carmen Carrera. 50,000 signed petition she she should model for Victoria's Secret. Men want to have sex with her. She and her husband of eight years on VH1's Couples Therapy.

      Caroline Cossey/Tula interviewed by Cosmopolitan.

      Gina Rocero interviewed.

      Hari Nef, 22, New York, signed to IMG agency.

      Lea T interviewed.

      Loiza Lambers, 20, won Holland’s Next Top Model, and then came out of stealth.

      Mia Isabelle has a rapper boyfriend.

      Mimi Tao, 22, Thailand, ex-Catholic, 6 years a Buddhist monk, now an in-demand lingerie and fashion model.

      Rain Dove, 25, Vermont, cis woman who models menswear, is taken as trans.

      Renata Montezine, 24, included in Fashion Weekend Plus Size.

      Ruby Rose, gender fluid, and partner, launched gender neutral clothing range.

      Rudrani Chettri Chauhan. model, Delhi, and her boyfriend were attacked.

      Apple Model Management Agency, Thailand's leading modeling agency, has announced the worldwide launch of its new Transgender board.

      Trans Models, New York, founded by Thai immigrant Peche Di.

      Apple Model Management for trans models opened in Los Angeles, run by Cecilio Asuncion.

      Sapno ki Baraat, trans fashion show in New Delhi.

      Beauty Pageants

      Angela Ponce came second in Miss World Spain, representing Cadiz.

      Argenis Gonzalez, winner of Miss Gay Venezuela.

      Australia's Miss Fa'afafine contest.

      Daniela Mejía Ortiz represented Dosquebradas, Colombia at the Miss International Queens in Thailand.

      Kimberly Gist/ Brandonna Dupri LaRees, 30, 1st transsexual to be Miss Gay United States.

      Amanda Morais, 22, Miss Transexual Uberaba 2015, has had surgery in Thailand.

      Lola Rodriguez, 16, competed to be Queen of Las Palmas Carnival.

      Liu Ting, 29, previouslu a national moral model, participated in Miss United Nation International 2015 Pageant China, held in Guangzhou. Ting was given a special award for 'transformation'.

      Natasha Scott, 44, first ever Miss Transgender Brighton, with her mother giving her support from the audience.

      Pammy Rose, County Durham, reached finals of local beauty competition in 2013, is unemployed.
      Trixie Maristela, 29, University of Philippines languages graduate, crowned winner of Miss International Queen in Pattaya City, Thailand. Valesca Dominik Ferraz of Brazil was named the first runner-up, and Sopida Siriwattananukoon of Thailand was named second runner-up.

      Vladimir Luxuria was a judge at the Miss Italy competition.

      Miss Transgender United UKlaunched by Rachael Bailey. Morgan Naomi Clarke is a contestant. Winner: Jai Latto, gained £5,000, a voucher for £10,000 of medical treatment at the OLMEC Transgender Surgery Institute in Delhi, India, which may be used for either gender re-assignment surgery or a range of cosmetic treatments, and a professional lingerie modelling contract with Sensalle Lingerie worth £3,000 plus expenses for 10 days shooting.

      Guasave, Sinaloa, Mexico. 'Gay Queens' previously excluded from carnival now asked to particiapate.

      The National Entertainer of the Year (EOY) contest's decision to update its rules extending participation by some transgender people — but excluding transgender people who have not yet had gender reassignment surgery from competing — in two categories has caused confusion among some and claims of discrimination by other fans, followers and performers online.

      Music & Performance

      Breanna Sinclairé, 25, opera singer, sang US national anthem at Oakland stadium.

      Butterfly Music Transgender Chorus

      Gigi Lazzarato had a 2-page spread in People Magazine where she credited Amanda Lepore for sparking her transition.

      Jennifer Leitham, 61, remembered.

      Laura Jane Grace interviewed, appeared at Reading Festival.

      Filipino trio Miss Tres wows Asia's got Talent.

      Munroe Bergdorf, 27, London, ex-drag queen, now a DJ.

      Mykki Blanco, rapper, came out as HIV+.

      Patrícia Ribeiro, Portuguese singer published autobiography.

      Rye Silverman, 32, Los Angeles comedian, modelled ModCloth clothing.

      Romy Haag remembered at age 67.

      Sarah Franken, 42, now living in London, transitioned, and continues as a comedian. When her mum left a comment about God condemning her transgenderism, Franken deleted her from Facebook.

      TIffany-Rose Davies, Birmingham, who has been living as female for 5 years, prevented from auditioning for an all-girl pop group.

      Titica, Angola, continues as a Kuduro star.

      Viruta, Spain, launched his album, Pasión Mutante, on TDOR.

      Wendy Carlos at 76.

      0 0

      Part 1: Organizations & Activists, Equal marriage, Other Legislation.
      Part 2: Persons, Changebacks
      Part 3: Marriage, Lovers and Family, Trans Kids
      Part 4: Politics & Government, Celebrities, Sports
      Part 5: Schools, Universities & Colleges, Military, Cops & Firefighters, Conviction & Imprisonment, Homeless Shelters, US TSA, Nemeses
      Part 6: Doctors & Sexologists, Medicine, Genetics, Legal, Deaths
      Part 7: Autogynephilia, Drag, Butch, Dress Reform, Homeogender Surgeries, Fashion, Beauty Pageants, Music & Performance
      Part 8: Internet, Art, Radio, Television, Adverts, Pornography, Theatre, Cinema
      Part 9: Jargon, News Media, Journal Articles & Studies,
      Part 10: Archives & History, Books.


      ICANN again rejected giving control of .GAY domain to a LGBT community group because "the applied-for string does not identify or match the name of the community as defined in the application, nor is it a well known short-form or abbreviation of the community. It therefore does not meet the requirements". It will probably be put up for auction to the highest commercial bidder.

      The glbtq Encyclopedia has closed.

      The HBS site maintained by Charlotte Goiar has been taken down.

      Facebook added fill-in-blank to 58 gender options.

      Facebook real name policy, which impacted on drag performers and on trans persons, has been relaxed after protests.

      A troll paid Twitter to promote a tweet urging transgender people to kill themselves: “Trannies, your families will never love you. You are living a lie & you know it. End your miserable existence. Commit suicide now”.

      Video Games

      Assassin’s Creed adds first transgender character

      Art, Photography & Exhibits

      • The Museum of Trangender Hirstory & Art at ONE Archives, March 21 – July 11, 2015, ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, 909 West Adams Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90007. Organized by the Museum of Transgender Hirstory & Art, or MOTHA, Transgender Hirstory in 99 Objects examines objects that hold significance in narrating the history of transgender communities. The project blurs the line between the real and the imaginary, the known and the unknowable, giving visibility to actual people and events that remain foundational for transgender history while embracing partial facts, rumors, and maybes. SFMOTHA
      • I Am: a trans* art exhibit. April 3 – May 25 2015 Waterloo Arts Gallery, Cleveland. 15 trans individuals from across the US share their experience as trans.
      • Looking Out, Looking In. MOCA, London Gallery, Peckham. 4-9 September, 2015. Persons neither male nor female. Newsarticle
      • To Survive on this Shore. Photographs and interviews with transgender and gender-variant older adults. Featured in Alive Magazine, November 2015. PDF.
      • Frank Benson's plastic statue of Juliana Huxtable, at New York's New Museum Triennial for emerging artists.
      • Danielle Villasana's photographs of Peruvian trans women. 
      •  Portrait of Sylvia Rivera, Christina Hayworth and Julia Murray, now hangs in National Portrait Gallery at the Smithsonian Institution.
      • Corinna Kern, German-born photojournalist photographed trans persons in Eastern Cape, working with SHE.
      • All TrueTomboys, paintings by Christina Scheslinger, . A pop-up exhibition at the Leslie Lohman Museum, Soho, New York Late January, 2015. Some of these will be shown at the Schwules Museum, Berlin in 2016.

        Marvel has first trans superhero in Sera.
      “Sex Change Spitfire Ace: Secret History” Secret History, Channel 4, 5 Oct 2015. Channel 4 about Roberta Cowell, with Liz Hodgkinson.

      Sex Diaries: Trans Lovers. Channel 4. 12 Oct 2015. Newsarticle Two heterosexual men who left their wives to marry a trans woman.

      Girls to men. With young men, Alfie, Billy, Ethan, CJ, Sabah and Jamie Raines who took a selfie every day for 3 years. Channel 4. 13 Oct 2015 Daily Mail article   Trailer When participants agreed to be in it, the program was called The Testosterone Diaries. Criticism   More criticism   CJ's reaction. Sabah and CJ who were critical of the final form were not mentioned in the Daily Mail article

      Four Corners. With Daniella, Francine, Nora and Divina, all Australian sex workers. ABC, 3 August 2015. Newsarticle   ABC

      “Hijabs and High Heels” with Mama Yuli. Dateline, SBS March 29, 2015. NewsarticleNewsarticle

      Secret Lives of Twins including Aiden and Brenda Bowers. ITV 15 July 2015. Newsarticle   ITV Brenda still thinks of them as identical, even after Aiden's transition in 1998.

      “Growing Up Trans”. Frontline. 12 reports. PBS June 29-July 1 2015. Overview. VideoCriticism

      Lady Valor: The Kristin Beck Story. Mark Herzog & Sandrine Orabono (dirs), with Kristin Beck US 90 mins Sept 8 2015 Wolfe on Demand and elsewhere. CNN   IMDB   Trailer   Newsarticle

      “Transforming Gender”. Doc Zone. Dir: Marc de Guerre, with Carys Massarella and 10 others, CBC 27 February 2015. CBC   DocZone   Newsarticle

      “En Cuerpo Ajeno”. With Vinna, Natalia, Christian and Shane. Aquí y Ahora. Univision, April 19 2015. Newsarticle

      Young, Trans and Looking for Love. With Claire Green, Arin Andres and Katie Rain Hill. Barcroft/BBC 23 November 2015. Newsarticle   BBC

        Trans writers and directors

        Transparent, second season, Lady J, the show’s first transgender writer, and Silas Howard, its first trans director.


        Trans playing trans

        Bananas, 1,4. Creator: Russell T. Davies, dir: Lewis Arnold, scr: Charlie Covell, with Bethany Black as Helen Brears. Channel 4 2015. IMDBNewarticle Restaurant manageress Helen is plagued by ex-boyfriend. 
        Boy Meets Girl. Created: Elliot Kerrigan, dir/scr: Eric Schaeffer, with Rebecca Root (18 on IOS Rainbow List) as Judy. All 6 episodes, BBC 2015. Newsarticle. IMDB. NewsarticleBBC A 2013 BBC talent search offered comedy writers up to £5000 for the best script that promoted a positive portrayal of transgender characters. Judy is 40, her boyfriend is 26.
        Elementary. Creator Robert Doherty, with Candis Cayne as Mrs Hudson. blog Newsarticle
        Myrna. Dir: Ted Campbell, scr: Marlo Bernier & Ted Campbell, with Marlo Bernier as Myrna Michaels, Candis Cayne as Holland Hollis. US 30 mins 2015. IMDBNewsarticle Semi-autobiographical drama based on Marlo's own transition.

        Sense8. Dir/scr: The Wachowskis and others, with Jamie Clayton as Nomi Marks, a trans political blogger and hacker. US Netflix 2015. IMDB. Nomi is one of the 8 main characters. Interview
        EastEnders, BBC soap that has been running since 1985 cast Riley Millington to play Kyle, a trans man. BBC
        “The Prince of Nucleotides” Royal Pains. Dir: Michael B Silver, scr: Carol Flint, with Nicole Maines as Anna, a trans choreographer. NewsarticleIMDB

        Cis playing trans

        Black Sails. Creators: Robert Levine, Jonathan E Steinberg, with Clara Paget as pirate Anne Bonny.   IMDB   Historical Anne Bonny
        The Bold and The Beautiful. With Karla Mosley as Maya Avant, revealed by her sister to have started life as Myron. But also Scott Turner as Nick (see above). 

        Penny Dreadful. Season 2. Creator: John Logan, with Jonny Beauchamp as Angelique, a 19th century trans sex worker. IMDB Angelique lasts 5 episodes before being poisoned. 

        “Live Free, Live True”, Ripper Street, 3.7 with Haydn Gwynn as George Tait. Amazon/BBC 60 mins 19 Dec 2014. IMDB Trans man does justified murder, goes to gallows in a dress. Review


        Three Generations. Dir Gaby Dellal, scr: Nikole Beckwith, with Elle Fanning as a trans boy just starting transition and Naomi Watts as his mother. Newsarticle. IMDB


        Trans playing cis

        Babilônia. Rede Global, Brazil 2015. Rogéria plays Gabi's grandmother, Úrsula Andressa. Newsarticle
        I am Cait. With Cait Jenner, Candis Cayne, Kate Bornstein, Chaz Bono, Boy George, Janet Mock, Jennifer Boylan, Zackary Drucker, Jan Richards. US E! Online 2015. IMDB  Eonline   Wikipedia    Newsarticle   Newsarticle
        Becoming Us. Producer: Gordon Cassidy, with Carly Lahwald (in transition) and her son Ben. ABC Family 15 June 2015 Newsarticle   IMDB
        Transgender in America. Dr Drew's 2 one-hour specials on transgender, with Ian Harvie of Transparent, Dr Marci Bowers, Jessica Taylor, pilot, Yasmin Lee, actress, 13-year-old Zoey and a married couple. US HLN 26-7 August 2015. NewsArticle.

        Reality Shows

        Amiyah Scott in Real Housewives of Atlanta

        U Beauty, which pays for plastic surgery for its participants, featured Li Xiongjin, , attempted self-castration three years ago. More


        Muslim Drag Queens. Dir by Marcus Plowright, Narrated by Ian McKellen, with Quaraishi/Asifa Lahore, Imran/Zareena Khan and Ibrahim. UK Channel 4 24 August 2015 IMDBDiscussion


        Singer Autumn Allen moved to Cambodia with her dad when she was six. She hasn't seen her mom for years and believes she lives in Arizona. TV show Penh Chet Ort promised her they would be reunited on air. However, she met cross-dressing comedian Chuop Rolin instead 

        Pretty Little Liars Wyatt Hodge, Dylan Garza, Vanessa Ray as CeCe Drake/Charlotte DiLaurentis. NewsArticleNewsArticle In the 6th year, bad guy Charlotte, “He. She. It” is revealed to be trans.




        Local radio station in Prince Edward Island ran ad for local car parts retailer, which talked about “blowing a tranny” and then, “are you sure you mean your car?”. Ad was pulled after complaints from Pride PEI. 

        WOM, Chile, known for their edgy adverts, made one with a travesti. Newsarticle



        James Darling, owner and director of the porn studio FTM Fucker 

          Just Like a Woman. Abrons, New York, Oct 23-5, 2015. A UK-US performance festival “tackling contemporary notions of race and gender, and working at the frontiers of what we might think of as 'performance art'”. 

          Vagina Monologues at Holyoke Colleg, Massachusettes, cancelled after complaints from some trans that it discriminates against women with penises.

          Trans Playwrights & Actors

          Ballad of the Burning Star. Scr: Nir Paldi & George Mann. Premiered at 2013 Edinburgh Festival Fringe, In Toronto, 19-24 May 2015 The Theatre Centre. Article. Putting a drag face on the Israel-Palestine conflict. 

          Jo Clifford's Jesus Queen of Heaven was performed at the Outburst Queer Arts Festival in Northern Ireland. The festival had received £3,500 from the Northern Ireland government which led to questions in the house. Interview

          Viviany Beleboni, São Paulo, criticized for her crucifixion performance against homophobia.

          Te Awarangi “Awa” Puna, NZ/Aotearoa acting student, made YouTube videos about growing up trans, and was awarded the most inspiring young person of the year award at the Wellington Pride Awards. 

          Micheli Matuzzi, 38, actress in city of Paranagua, Paraná, brutally beaten near the bus station.

          Cis Playwrights & Actors Exploring Gender Options

          All-female Othello at Queens Theatre, New York, April 2015.. Lenny Banovez (dir) with Leah Dutchin as Othello. 

          Fanny and Stella: The Shocking True Story. Scr: Glen Chandler, 15 May to 14 June at Above The Stag in Vauxhall, London. Announcement
          First ever English language production of Michel's Tremblay's Hosanna in Montreal. Comment

          Yukio Hatoyama, Japanese prime minisrr 2009-10, inTokyo musical ‘Waist Size Story’. He played the role of Rosario, a fictional US President who served as the country’s first female Head of State. 

          David Sucher, best known for 25 years as Poiret, played Lady Bracknell in The Importance of Being Earnest at the Vaudeville Theatre, London, from 24 June. 

          Taye Diggs played Hedwig in Hedwig and the Angry Inch. Belasco Theatre, New York, July 2015. 

          Darren Criss played Hedwig in Hedwig and the Angry Inch. April 19- July 19.

          Kathleen Turner directed and starred in Would You Still Love Me, as the mother of 28-year-old Danya (Sofia Jean Gomez) who is transitioning to male. New Worlkd Stages, 50th St , New York, October 10-26, 2015. Scr: John S Anastasi. 

          Rocky Horror Show 17 September 2015. One-off gala charity performance with Richard O'Brien, Stephen Frye, Mel Giedroy, Ade Edmondson and Emma Bunton.


          Director Michael Cimino denied rumours that he is trans. 
        With Clint Eastwood, February 2015
          The Mrs Doubtfire house – see under Doctors. 

          Chris Sarandon speaks about his trans role in Dog Day Afternoon, 1975. 

          Alexander Skarsgård attended San Francisco premiere of his film The Diary of a Teenage Girl in drag. 
          From This Day Forward. Dir: Sharan Shattuck, with her father Trisha Shattuck US 2014. IMDBTrailerNewsarticle

          Treasure. Dir: Dream Hampton, with Shelly Hilliard. US 2015. NewsarticleIMDBWebpageNewsarticle Shelly 'Treasure' Hilliard, Detroit was murdered age 19. The film is about a young Detroit trans community activated by her death, and her family who are suing for justice.


          Trans Playing Trans

          Boy Meets Girl. Dir & scr: Eric Schaeffer, with Michelle Hendley as Ricky US 95 mins 2014. IMDB
          I. Dir:Shankar, with Vikram as Lingesan amd Ojas Rajini as the trans woman. India 2014. NewsarticleNewsarticle
          Naomi Campbel, No es fácil convertirse en otra persona (Naomi Campbel, It’s Not Easy To Become a Different Person.). Dir: Nicolás Videla & Camila Donoso, with Paula Yermén” Dinamarca. Chile 2014. Newsarticle
          Ricki and the Flash.  Dir: Jonathan Demme, scr: Diable Cody, with Carmen Carrera as ‘hair stylist’.  US 101 mins 2015.  IMDB   Comment  

          Seoul Mates. Dir Nash Ang, with Mimi Juareza as Alice. S Korea 115 mins 2015. IMDB Filipino Lady boy and Korean discreet gay meet and date each other, with the first one pretending to be a cis woman and the latter pretending to be a straight guy. 

          Tangerine. Dir: Sean Baker, scr: Sean Baker & Chris Bergoch, with Kitana Kiki as Sin-Dee, Mya Taylor as Alexandra. US 88 mins 2015. IMDBTrailerNewsarticleNewsarticle Trans sex workers in Los Angeles.


          Cis Playing Trans/Intersex

          Trivia: In About Ray, Ramona becomes Ray; in Stonewall, Ray becomes Ramona. 

              Danish Girl. Dir: Tom Hooper, scr: Lucinda Coxon, based on novel by David Ebershoff, with Eddie Redmayne as Lili Elbe (Nicole Kidman, Rachel Weisz, Gwyneth Paltrow etc had previously been proposed for the part). US 2015. IMDB   Trailer   Review   Review (By the film's turgid end, Redmayne has lost all sense of the character, dissolving into a puddle of tears and pained, beatific expressions. It's a capital-P Performance, one that's likely to get the Academy's attention, but it often borders on shallow.) Based not on the historical facts but on a novel that distorts the story. Carla van Crist, Toni Ebel and Dörchen Ritcher, the real pioneer transsexuals are not even in the film. Comment
              About Ray. Dir: Gaby Dellal, scr: Nikole Beckwith, with Elle Fanning as Ramona/Ray. US 87 mins 2015. IMDB   Trailer   Review   Review After Ray decides to transition from female to male, Ray's mother, Maggie, must come to terms with the decision while tracking down Ray's biological father to get his legal consent. Release in September cancelled; rescheduled for New Year. Dellel stated: "The part is a girl and she is a girl who is presenting in a very ineffectual way as a boy." 

                Stonewall. Dir: Roland Emmerich, scr: Jon Robin Baitz, with Jonny Beauchamp as Ray/Ramona, Otoja Abit as Marsha P Johnson, Richard Jutras as Queen Rooey US 129 mins 2015. Filmed in Montreal. IMDB   Trailer  Review A composite trans woman of color to stand in where Marsha is not. After protests, the film played only selected cinemas. A plot very similar to the 1995 film. Even the gay roles were played by straight actors.


                Trans Playing Cis

                Danish Girl (see above section) also features Rebecca Root in a small part as 'nurse'. Rebecca auditioned for the role of Lili Elbe but a cis actor was chosen instead. 

                Dirty. Dir: Daniel Ringey, scr: Benjamin J Alexander, with Chaz Bono as Jerry the Hoader. US 90 mins 2015. IMDBNewsarticle

                Films about Hoaxes

                A Gay Girl in Damascus: The Amina Profile. Dir & scr: Siphie Deraspe. US 84 mins 2015. IMDBNewsarticle Blogger Amina turns out to be not gay, not a girl, not in Damascus. Syrian gay activists feel that real people were put in danger by this prank.

                The Cult of JT Leroy. Dir: Marjorie Sturm, with Laura Albert. US 92 mins 2015. IMDBWebPageTrailer The best-selling teen in transition, actually was not.



                Happy Birthday, Marsha. Dir & scr: Reina Gossett & Sasha Wortzel, with Mya Taylor as Marsha P Johnson and Eve Lindley as Sylvia Rivera. US 2016. IMDB Trailer 

                The Neon Demon. Dir: Nicolas Refn, with Jamie Clayton in a cis part as 'casting director'. US 2016. IMDB 

                Tomboy, a Revenger's Tale. Walter Hill (dir & scr), with Michelle Rodriguez and Sigourney Weaver as the surgeon. US 2017. Transgender assassin bent on revenge on an evil surgeon who changed her from a man to a woman. IMDBComment
                Zoolander 2. Dir: Ben Stiller, Scr: Ben Stiller & Justin Theroux, with Benedict Cumberbatch as All. US 100 mins 2016. TrailerCommentApology. Another comedy about modelling. All as seen in the trailer is androgynous, and is asked: ’Do you have a hot dog or a bun?' 

                Director Mike Stabile is making a non-fiction film about Holly Woodlawn.

              0 0

              Part 1: Organizations & Activists, Equal marriage, Other Legislation.
              Part 2: Persons, Changebacks
              Part 3: Marriage, Lovers and Family, Trans Kids
              Part 4: Politics & Government, Celebrities, Sports
              Part 5: Schools, Universities & Colleges, Military, Cops & Firefighters, Conviction & Imprisonment, Homeless Shelters, US TSA, Nemeses
              Part 6: Doctors & Sexologists, Medicine, Genetics, Legal, Deaths
              Part 7: Autogynephilia, Drag, Butch, Dress Reform, Homeogender Surgeries, Fashion, Beauty Pageants, Music & Performance
              Part 8: Internet, Art, Radio, Television, Adverts, Pornography, Theatre, Cinema
              Part 9: Jargon, News Media, Journal Articles & Studies
              Part 10: Archives & History, Books.


              US Transportation Security Administration (TSA) has agreed to no longer use the term 'anomaly' for trans passengers.

              'cisgender' finally in the Oxford English Dictionary.

              'cisvestitismus' was used as early as 1914.

              'Female/Feminine Embodiment Fantasies (FEFs)' proposed by Julia Serano as less pathologizing alternative to 'autogynephila'.

              'hen' neuter pronoun in Swedish.

              'Male/Masculine Embodiment Fantasies (MEFs)' proposed by Julia Serano as less pathologizing alternative to 'autoandrophila'.

              Mx as an alternate honorific to Mr, Mrs, Miss, Ms increasingly accepted.

              'transgender' in Collins English Dictionary list of Words of the Year along with binge-watching and manspreading

              'pheneticize' - alternate term to passing that shifts the focus from the viewed to the viewer.
              “perceiving people based on a subjective examination of their outward appearance”. Article about usage in 'race passing':

              Stochastic terrorism: the use of mass communications to incite random actors to carry out violent or terrorist acts that are statistically predictable but individually unpredictable. In short, remote-control murder by lone wolf.
              The formula is perversely brilliant:
              1. A public figure with access to the airwaves or pulpit demonizes a person or group of persons.
              2. With repetition, the targeted person or group is gradually dehumanized, depicted as loathsome and dangerous—arousing a combustible combination of fear and moral disgust.
              3. Violent images and metaphors, jokes about violence, analogies to past “purges” against reviled groups, use of righteous religious language—all of these typically stop just short of an explicit call to arms.
              4. When violence erupts, the public figure who have incited the violence condemn it—claiming no one could possibly have foreseen the “tragedy.”
              --- this article does not mention transphobia or homophobia, but obviously we are on the receiving end of both hate in the media, and of apparently unconnected murders.” 

              News Media

              Psychology Today finally stopped accepting adverts for conversion therapy.

              Kate Stone, scientist who took action after some newspapers identified her as trans, has been appointed to the press regulator’s editors’ code committee.

              The Independent Press Standards Organisation upheld complaints by Trans media Watch against The Sun which had wondered about blind Parliamentary candidate, Emily Brothers: “Being blind, how did she know she was the wrong sex?”

              A series of negative articles in The New York Times.

              Zoey Tur, ex-helicopter journalist, was profiled in Los Angeles Magazine, caused a stir with her beliefs about hormonal causation and in dismissing Carlotta Sklodska as a fetishist. In July, in response to transphobic taunting from right-winger Ben Shapiro, Tur made a macho threat.
              Jayne Rowlands has a job with BBC Wales.

              India Willoughby, who used to present ITV News’ regional Borders programme, has completed transition.

              Andrew Guy won a competition to co-host The Project on Channel 10.

              Eden Lane, Colorado, reported and television host since 2008.

              The Editorial Board of the Amazon-owned Washington Post denounced the fear-mongering that has become a staple of debates over transgender student rights and led to tragic discrimination against transgender students. The fear-mongering is based on the debunked bathroom myth hyped by right-wing media.

              Magazines and newspapers:




              Journal Articles & Studies

              “TERFs get told by author of study that they are interpreting her study wrong, they insist they aren’t”.
     2011 study was being used by the right wing and TERFs alike to erroneously claim that trans care causes people to be suicidal, that trans women are rapists or probable rapists and that trans women retain “male behavior” in the form of a criminal predilection.

              Judith Butler interviewed about transsexuality.

              Archives of Sexual Behavior

              • Angelo Brandelli Costa , Anna Martha Vaitses Fontanari, Michelle Moraes Jacinto, Dhiordan Cardoso da Silva, Emilaine Karine Lorencetti, Heitor Tomé da Rosa Filho, Andressa Mueller, Claudia Garcia de Garcia, Henrique Caetano Nardi and 2 more. “Population-Based HIV Prevalence and Associated Factors in Male-to-Female Transsexuals from Southern Brazil”. 44,2, February 2015. Abstract
              • José Guzmán-Parra , Nicolás Sánchez-Álvarez, Yolanda de Diego-Otero, Lucía Pérez-Costillas, Isabel Esteva de Antonio, Miriam Navais-Barranco, Serafina Castro-Zamudio & Trinidad Bergero-Miguel. “Sociodemographic Characteristics and Psychological Adjustment Among Transsexuals in Spain”. 21 May 2015. Abstract
              • Joz Motmans , Koen Ponnet & Griet De Cuypere. “Sociodemographic Characteristics of Trans Persons in Belgium: A Secondary Data Analysis of Medical, State, and Social Data”. 44, 5, July 2015. Abstract
              • Eva Van Caenegem, Katrien Wierckx, Els Elaut , Ann Buysse, Alexis Dewaele, Filip Van Nieuwerburgh, Griet De Cuypere & Guy T’Sjoen. “Prevalence of Gender Nonconformity in Flanders, Belgium”. 44, 5, July 2015. Abstract
              • William B. SwannJr. , Ángel Gómez, Alexandra Vázquez, Antonio Guillamón, Santiago Segovia & Beatriz Carillo “Fusion with the Cross-Gender Group Predicts Genital Sex Reassignment Surgery”. 44, 5, July 2015. Abstract
              • Annastasia Ediati , Achmad Zulfa Juniarto, Erwin Birnie, Stenvert L. S. Drop, Sultana M. H. Faradz & Arianne B. Dessens. “Gender Development in Indonesian Children, Adolescents, and Adults with Disorders of Sex Development”. 44, 5 July 2015. Abstract
              • Alain Giami “Between DSM and ICD: Paraphilias and the Transformation of Sexual Norms”. 44, 5 July 2015. Abstract
              • Cynthia Kraus. “Classifying Intersex in DSM-5: Critical Reflections on Gender Dysphoria”. 44, 5, July 2015. Abstract
              • Vickie Pasterski , Kenneth J. Zucker, Peter C. Hindmarsh, Ieuan A. Hughes, Carlo Acerini, Debra Spencer, Sharon Neufeld & Melissa Hines. “Increased Cross-Gender Identification Independent of Gender Role Behavior in Girls with Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia: Results from a Standardized Assessment of 4- to 11-Year-Old Children”. 44,5, July 2015. Abstract
              • Simon Goldhill. “The Imperialism of Historical Arrogance: Where Is the Past in the DSM’s Idea of Sexuality?”. 44,5, July 2015. Abstract
              • Ulrike Ruppin & Friedemann Pfäfflin. “Long-Term Follow-Up of Adults with Gender Identity Disorder”. 44,5, July 2015. Abstract
              • Zowie Davy. “The DSM-5 and the Politics of Diagnosing Transpeople”. 44, 5, July 2015. Abstract
              • Ali Bozkurt , Ozlem Hekim Bozkurt & Ipek Sonmez. “Birth Order and Sibling Sex Ratio in a Population with High Fertility: Are Turkish Male to Female Transsexuals Different?”. 44, 5 July 2015. Abstract
              • Jamie D. Feusner , Jasenko Dervisic, Kyriaki Kosidou, Cecilia Dhejne, Susan Bookheimer & Ivanka Savic. “Female-to-Male Transsexual Individuals Demonstrate Different Own Body Identification”. 21 August 2015. Abstract
              • Karine Schwarz , Anna Martha Vaitses Fontanari, Andressa Mueller, Bianca Soll, Dhiordan Cardoso da Silva, Jaqueline Salvador, Kenneth J. Zucker, Maiko Abel Schneider & Maria Inês Rodrigues Lobato “Neural Correlates of Psychosis and Gender Dysphoria in an Adult Male”. 23 November 2015 Abstract

              International Journal of Transgenderism

              • Thomas Stocks. “To What Extent Have the Rights of Transgender People Been Underrealized in Comparison to the Rights of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Queer/Questioning People in the United Kingdom?”. 16,1, 2015. AbstractPDF
              • Hale M. Thompson*, Sari L. Reisner, Nicole VanKim & H. Fisher Raymond. “Quality-of-Life Measurement: Assessing the WHOQOL-BREF Scale in a Sample of High-HIV-Risk Transgender Women in San Francisco, California”. 16,1, 2015. AbstractPDF
              • Anna Lisa Amodeo, Roberto Vitelli, Cristiano Scandurra*, Simona Picariello & Paolo Valerio. “Adult Attachment and Transgender Identity in the Italian Context: Clinical Implications and Suggestions for Further Research”. 16,1, 2015. Abstract
              • Varsha Babu, G. Pezeshkpour & Run Yu. “Pheochromocytoma in a Male-to-Female Transgender Person”. 16,2,2015. Abstract
              • Shanna K. Kattari, N. Eugene Walls, Darren L. Whitfield & Lisa Langenderfer-Magruder. “Racial and Ethnic Differences in Experiences of Discrimination in Accessing Health Services Among Transgender People in the United States”. 16, 2, 105. Abstract
              • Scott D. Rhodes, Jorge Alonzo, Lilli Mann, Florence M. Simán, Manuel Garcia, Claire Abraham & Christina J. Sun. “Using Photovoice, Latina Transgender Women Identify Priorities in a New Immigrant-Destination State”. 16, 2, 2015. Abstract
              • Daniel E. Shumer* & Amy C. Tishelman. “The Role of Assent in the Treatment of Transgender Adolescents”. 16, 2, 2015. 16, 2, 2015. Abstract
              • Rodrigo A. Aguayo-Romero, Carol A. Reisen, Maria Cecilia Zea, Fernanda T. Bianchi & Paul J. Poppen. “Gender Affirmation and Body Modification Among Transgender Persons in Bogotá, Colombia”. 16, 2, 2015. Abstract
              • Shelagh Davies, Viktória G. Papp & Christella Antoni. “Voice and Communication Change for Gender Nonconforming Individuals: Giving Voice to the Person Inside”. 16, 3, 2015. AbstractPDF
              • Gurvinder Kalra & Dinesh Bhugra. “Hijras in Bollywood Cinema”. 16, 3, 2015. Abstract
              • Toby Miles-Johnson. “ 'They Don't Identify With Us': Perceptions of Police by Australian Transgender People”. 16, 3, 2015. Abstract
              • Mehrdad Eftekhar, Masoud Ahmadzad-Asl, Morteza Naserbakht, Mozhgan Taban, Amirhosein Jalali & Kaveh Alavi. “Bibliographic Characteristics and the Time Course of Published Studies About Gender Dysphoria: 1970–2011”. 16, 3, 2015. Abstract

              Journal of Homosexuality

              • Andrea M. Hackl, Amy B. Becker & Maureen E. Todd. “ 'I Am Chelsea Manning': Comparison of Gendered Representation of Private Manning in U.S. and International News Media”. 31 Aug 2015. Abstract
              • Katrina Rose. “The Body as a Site of Gender-related Distress: Ethical Considerations for Gender Variant Youth in Clinical Settings”. 07 Dec 2015. Abstract
              • Elijah Adiv Edelman. ““This is Where you Fall off My Map”: Trans-Spectrum Spatialities in Washington, DC, Safety, and the Refusal to Submit to Somatic Erasure”. 07 Dec 2015. Abstract
              • Brandon D. L. Marshall , María Eugenia Socías, Thomas Kerr , Virginia Zalazare, Omar Suede & Inés Arísteguie. “Prevalence and Correlates of Lifetime Suicide Attempts Among Transgender Persons in Argentina”. 13 Nov 2015. Abstract
              • Justine Egner & Patricia Maloney. “ ‘It Has No Color, It Has No Gender, It’s Gender Bending’: Gender and Sexuality Fluidity and Subversiveness in Drag Performance”. )7 Nov 2015. Abstract
              • Jason C. Garvey & Susan R. Rankin. “The Influence of Campus Experiences on the Level of Outness Among Trans-Spectrum and Queer-Spectrum Students”. 62,3,2015. Abstract
              • Tony Kelso. “Still Trapped in the U.S. Media’s Closet: Representations of Gender-Variant, Pre-Adolescent Children”. 62,8, 2015. Abstract
              • Anril Pineda Tiatco. “Performing the Bakla in The Care Divas: Crossdressing, Affective Labor, and the Glimpse of the Cosmopolitan”. 62, 11, 2015. Abstract
              Transgender Studies Quarterly
              See all content.

              • John Parkinson. “Gender dysphoria 'cured' by status epilepticus”. Australasian Psychiatry, 23,2, 02/2015.
              • GS Kranz, A Hahn, U Kaufmann, M Küblböck, A Hummer, S Ganger, R Seiger, D Winkler, DF Swaab, C Windischberger, S Kasper & R Lanzenberger.“White matter microstructure in transsexuals and controls investigated by diffusion tensor imaging.” Journal of Neuroscience 2014 Nov 12; 34(46):15466 –15475. "These results suggest that the gender identity is reflected in the structure of brain networks which form under the modulating influence of sex hormones in the course of the development of the nervous system."AbstractNewsarticle
              A new open-access journal Transgender Health has been announced.

              0 0

              Part 1: Organizations & Activists, Equal marriage, Other Legislation.
              Part 2: Persons, Changebacks
              Part 3: Marriage, Lovers and Family, Trans Kids
              Part 4: Politics & Government, Celebrities, Sports
              Part 5: Schools, Universities & Colleges, Military, Cops & Firefighters, Conviction & Imprisonment, Homeless Shelters, US TSA, Nemeses
              Part 6: Doctors & Sexologists, Medicine, Genetics, Legal, Deaths
              Part 7: Autogynephilia, Drag, Butch, Dress Reform, Homeogender Surgeries, Fashion, Beauty Pageants, Music & Performance
              Part 8: Internet, Art, Radio, Television, Adverts, Pornography, Theatre, Cinema
              Part 9: Jargon, News Media, Journal Articles & Studies
              Part 10: Archives & History, Books.

              Archives & History

              Chicago-based Tawani Foundation has awarded a multi-year grant to the Jean-Nickolaus Tretter Collection in Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Studies at the University of Minnesota Libraries for the purpose of documenting the historic and contemporary experience of transgender individuals in the Upper Midwest.

              Trans historian André Pérez discussed his work as founder of the Trans Oral History Project (TOHP).

              Philadelphia, the Defiant Archives exhibit, which highlights trans Philadelphia history and activism, opened at William Way Community Center in late July, and later was transferred to a huge, new prominent venue: outside the mayor’s office at Philadelphia City Hall.


              Notable in A Gender Variance Who's Who in 2015:

              Toni Ebel, previously ignored but who along with Dörchen Richter and Carla van Crist, was one of the world's first successful surgical transsexuals. Toni survived the Nazi period in Czechoslovakia and became a noted artist in East Germany. First account in English.

              Lili Ilse Elvenes, known as Lili Elbe. Part I, Part II, Part III. The GVWW article is the first in English to incorporate finding from the writings of Rainer Herrn and Sabine Mayer. Much closer to the truth than the film currently in release, based not on the 1933 book by Neils Hoyer but on a recent novelization that altered major details.

              After news articles about India's 'first' trans mayor, an article on 4 trans mayors in India.

              The only article in English on the prominent Mexican musician, Felicia Garza.

              An article on Richard Mühsam, the German surgeon who attempted transgender surgeries 1912 – 1924.

              An expanded account of Georgina Somerset, Part I, Part II and a discussion of the typology in her 1963 book, the very first book about transsexuals.

              An account of Jack Judith Halberstam and his books. Part I, Part II.

              An article on Walter Sholto Douglas, the trans-man novelist who was a friend of Mary Shelley in the 1820s.

              The only easily available article on Madeleine Pelletier, pioneer woman doctor and male-dresser, who was probably trans, but the concepts were not available. Part I, Part II.

              The only article in English on Anton Prinner, Hungarian artist in France.

              Article on Sandra MacRae, the first trans political candidate in the UK.

              Was Barbara Dayton the sky-jacker, DB Cooper? Part I, Part II.

              Revised and expanded feaure on World War II. Part I, Part II, Part III.

              Francis Bacon, the painter.

              Violette Morris, outstanding sports person, executed by the Résistance. Part I, Part II. The only account in English to use the material in Marie-Josèphe Bonnet's biography.

              The only account on the web of Robert Allen, pioneer who transitioned in 1944. First out trans person to work in the movies.

              Viktor Kalnberz, Latvian surgeon.

              Angela Douglas, Canary Conn and the Transsexual Action Organization. Part I, Part II, Part III.

              Joe Carstairs, plutocrat boat racer and lord og a Bahamian island. Part I, Part II, Part III. First account to consider Joe as trans.

              Who was Bunny Eisenhower?

              Solange Dymenzstein, Berlin performer.

              Jayne County, singer, performer. Part I, Part II, Part III.

              Toupie Lowther, outstanding sports person, real-life model for The Well of Loneliness. Part I, Part II.

              Revised and expanded Sports, Gender and Trans. Part I, Part II, Part III.

              Bebe Scarpinato, active in both Queens Liberation Front and STAR.

              Aaïcha Bergamin, pioneer Dutch trans woman.

              Le Carrousel and Madame Arthur. Part I, Part II, Part III.



              $£¥ €=Excessively overpriced books.
              • Felix Conrad. Autogynephilia - Everyman's Guide to Autogynephilia, Crossdreaming and Late Onset Transsexualism. Lulu, 2015.
              • Lucas Crawford. Transgender Architectonics: The Shape of Change in Modernist Space. Ashgate, 2015. Combining transgender studies with the ‘neomodernist’ architectures of the internationally renowned firm, Diller Scofidio + Renfro (DS+R) and with modernist writers (Samuel Beckett and Virginia Woolf) whose work anticipates that of transgender studies, this book challenges the implicit ‘spatial models’ of popular narratives of transgender - interiority, ownership, sovereignty, structure, stability, and domesticity - to advance a novel theorization of transgender as a matter of exteriority, groundlessness, ornamentation, and movement. Webpage
              • Jim Daems (ed). The Makeup of Rupaul's Drag Race: Essays on the Queen of Reality Shows. McFarland, 2014.
              • Terry Goldie. The Man Who Invented Gender: Engaging the Ideas of John Money. UBC Press, 2014. Chapter 1. Goldie read most of what Money wrote, and presents a balanced report of his insights and his msitakes.
              • $£¥ € Oran Goslan. Transsexuality and the Art of Transitioning: A Lacanian approach. Routledge, 2014.
              • Eli R Green & Luca Maurer. The Teaching Transgender Toolkit: A Facilitator's Guide To Increasing Knowledge, Reducing Prejudice & Building Skills. 2015
              • Tiffany Jones. Female-To-Male (FtM) Transgender People's Experiences in Australia: A National Study. Springer International, 2015. 1st few pages. Webpage
              • Evelyn Kleinert. Identitätserleben bei transsexuellen Menschen: Zwei narrative Interviews und ihre identitätstheoretische Interpretation. (Transsexuals' Experience of their Identity: Two narrative Interviews and their Theoretical Interpetation) Diplomica Verlag, 2015. Amazon
              • Jack Molay. A Creative Crossdreamer Vocabulary. Blurb, 2015. Webpage
              • Leila J Rupp & Susan K Freeman. Understanding and Teaching U.S. Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender History. University of Wisconsin Press, 2014.
              • Yi Sakurazawa. Transgendered People of India: Forsaken Tributaries (Hijra,the Third Gender). Kindle, 2015.
              • Clare Sears,. Arresting Dress: Cross-Dressing, Law, and Fascination in Nineteenth-Century San Francisco. Duke University Press, 2015. Newsarticle.
              • Deanne Thornton & Andrea James (eds) Letters for My Sisters: Transitional Wisdom in Retrospect. Transgress Press, 2015.
              • Jackson Wright Shultz (ed). Trans/Portraits: Voices from Transgender Communities. Dartmouth, 2015.
              • QWEIN/WASt. ZU SPÄT?: Dimensionen des Gedenkens an homosexuelle und transgender Opfer des Nationalsozialismus. (TOO LATE ?: dimensions of the commemoration of homosexual and transgender victims of National Socialism ) Zaglossus, 2015. Amazon


              • Adrien Bail. Homosexuels et transgenres, chercheurs de Dieu. (Homosexual and transgender, searching for God) Nouvelle Cité, 2015. Facebook

              Legal & Imprisonment

              • Joanne Borden. Identical Treatment in The Machine of the Law: the quest for transgender civil rights. Kindle, 2015.
              • Gabriele Celli. La gestione del detenuto transgender. Youcanprint, 2014. About the transgender prison in Rimini.
              • M Dru Levasseur. Gender Identity Defines Sex: Updating The Law to Reflect Modern Medical Science is Key To Transgender Rights. 39 Vermont. Law Rev, 39, 2015: 943-1004. PDF
              • $£¥ € Jans M Scherpe (ed). The Legal Status of Transsexual and Transgender Persons. Interentia, 2016.
              • Kristin Schreier Lyseggen. The Women of San Quentin - Soul Murder of Transgender Women in Male Prisons. BCH Fulfillment & Distribution, 2015. Newsarticle
              • Jami Kathleen Taylor & Donald P Haider-Markel (eds). Transgender Rights and Politics: Groups, Issue Framing, and Policy Adoption. University of Michigan Press, 2015.

              Health and Medical

              • $£¥ € Tommy Dickinson. 'Curing Queers': Mental nurses and their patients: 1935-74. Nursing History and Humanities, 2015. 2 of the patients interviewed later transitioned. Review
              • Randi Ettner, Stan Monstrey & A Evan Eyler. Principles of Transgender Medicine and Surgery. Routledge, 2015.
              • Arnold Hendrix. Hormone Replacement Therapy: The Truth About HRT: The Ultimate Beginner's Guide to Hormone Replacement For Women And Men. CreateSpace, 2015.
              • Sandra Mesics. Clinical Care of the Transgender Patient. Kindle, 2015.
              • Michelle Serena. Gender Dysphoria: Understanding the Symptoms and Treating Gender Dysphoria. CreateSpace, 2015.


              • Anna Kendrick. Transgender: the guy inside. Kindle, 2015.
              • Eleanor Nye. Sex Change - Male to Female: An Essential Guide for Understanding the Process of Gender Reassignment Surgery & Getting to Know the New You. Kindle, 2015.
              • Eleanor Nye. Sex Change - Female to Male: An Essential Guide for Understanding the Process of Gender Reassignment Surgery & Getting to Know the New You. Kindle, 2015.
              • Eleanor Nye. Gender Dysphoria: An Essential Guide for Understanding and Dealing With Gender Identity Disorder. Kindle, 2015.
              • Rylan Jay Testa, Deborah Coolhart, Jayme Peta &Arlene Istar Lev. The Gender Quest Workbook: A Guide for Teens and Young Adults Exploring Gender Identity. Instant Help, 2015.
              • Claudia Valsecchi. I Fiori della Transizione - Fiori di Bach per il Percorso Transgender. Kindle, 2014.
              • TGEU. Know Your Rights!: Activist’s Guide on Trans People’s Rights under EU Law. 2015 PDF
              • TGEU. Know Your Rights!: Guide on Trans People’s Rights under EU Law. 2015 PDF


              • Alice Dreger. Galileo's Middle Finger: Heretics, Activists, and the Search for Justice in Science. Penguin Press, 2015. Includes her defence, again, of Michael Bailey. ReviewReview
              • Denise Shick. Understanding Gender Confusion: A Faith Based Perspective. CreateSpace, 2014.
              • Denise Shick. When Hope Seems Lost. CreateSpace, 2015. Shick is founder of a ministry, Help 4 Familes, and author of My Daddy's Secret about growing up in the 1970s with a closet trans father. Newsarticle.



              • Abigail Austen (previously Jan Hamilton) . Lord Roberts Valet: Afghanistan. Kandahar. War. CreateSpace, 2015. Newsarticle
              • Candy Darling. Candy Darling: Memoirs of an Andy Warhol Superstar. Open Road Media, 2015.
              • Zoe Dolan. There Is Room for You: Tales from a Transgender Defender's Heart. AM, 2015.
              • Maxim Februari. The Making of a Man. Reaktion, 2015.
              • Big Freedia with Nicole Balin. God Save the Queen Diva. Gallery Books, 2015. Newsarticle The queen of Bounce music.
              • Joe Holliday with Louise Chapman. She's a Boy. Thistle Publishing, 2015. Born without a penis, raised as a girl, now reclaimed his masculinity. Newsarticle
              • Juliet Jacques. Trans: A Memoir. VersoBooks, 2015. NewsArticle
              • Alex Jones. I am the boy that was born a girl - A story of a transgender male. CreateSpace, 2015.
              • Stephen Kane. Is She a Boy, Is He a Girl? The Kyra Story. CreateSpace, 2013.
              • Ryan Kennedy & Hazel Edwards. F2M: The Boy Within. ReadHowYouWant, 2012.
              • Kellie Maloney. Frankly Kellie: Becoming a Woman in a Man's World. Blink Publishing, 2015. Newsarticle
              • Thomas Page McBee. Man Alive: A True Story of Violence, Forgiveness and Becoming a Man. City Lights, 2014.Review
              • Rory O'Neill. Woman in the Making: Panti's Memoir. Hatchete Books, 2015. Review
              • Patricia Ribeiro. Ontem Homem, Hoje Mulher. Chiado Editira, 2015. Newsarticle
              • Lucia Richardson. Lucia: The life of a Transgender Person. Lulu, 2015.
              • Yiscah Smith. Forty Years in the Wilderness: My Journey to Authentic Living. Wooded Isle Press, 2014. Newsarticle
              • Stana. Fantasia Fair Diaries. CreateSpace, 2015.
              • Laxmi Narayan Tripathi. Me Hijra Me Laxmi. Oxford University Press, 2015. Newsarticle
              • Kiara Zindilis. I Am Who I Am: One woman's transsexual journey. Kindle, 2015


              • Jane Baker, with and Afterword by Sarah Ann Baker. Trading Places: When Our Son Became a Daughter. Braefield Press, 2014. Newsarticle
              • Darlene K Bogle. Snapshots of History Volume 2: Courageous Voices of the Rainbow Tribe. CreateSapce, 2015. Includes 4 biographical essays about trans persons.
              • Jamie Brisick. Becoming Westerly: Surf Champion Peter Drouyn’s Transformation into Westerly Windina. Outpost 19, 2015. Review
              • Liz Hodgkinson. From a Girl to a Man: How Laura Became Michael. Quartet Books, 2015. A reissue with a revised title of Hodgkinson's classic account of Michael Dillon. Channel 4
              • Sabine Meyer. 'Wie Lili zu einem richtigen Mädchen wurde': Lili Elbe: Zur Konstruktion von Geschlecht und Identität zwischen Medialisierung, Regulierung und Subjektivierung. Transcript, 2015. WebPageAmazon
              • Paige Schilt. Queer Rock Love: A Family Memoir. Transgress Press, 2015. Newsarticle Her wife is musician Katy Koonce.
              • Angela Steidele. Rosenstengel: Ein Manuskript aus dem Umfeld Ludwigs II. Matthes & Seitz Berlin, 2015. Anastasius Rosenstengel is referred to in some books by his pre-transition name of Catharina Linck. WebPage

              GLB history

              • Douglas M. Charles. Hoover’s War on Gays: Exposing the FBI’s “Sex Deviates” Program. University Press of Kansas, 2015. OutHistoryReview
              • Phillip Crawford Jr. The Mafia and the Gays. CreateSpace, 2015. Webpage
              • Giovanni Dall'Orto. Tutta un'altra storia. L'omosessualità dall'antichità al secondo dopoguerra. Il Saggiatore, 2015. NewsarticleAmazon
              • Lillian Faderman. The Gay Revolution: The Story of the Struggle. Simon & Shuster, 2015 Review
              • C Winter Han. Geisha of a Different Kind: Race and Sexuality in Gaysian America. NYU Press, 2015. WebPage
              • Peter Scott-Presland. Amiable Warriors: A Space to Breathe, 1954 - 1973 1: A History of the Campaign for Homosexual Equality and its Times. Paradise Press, 2015. WebpageReviewReview


              Trace Peterson, to pioneer a course in transgender poetry.
              • H Melt. The Plural, The Blurring. Red Beard Press, 2015 WebPageReview
              • TC Tolbert & Trace Peterson (eds). Troubling the Line: Trans and Genderqueer Poetry and Poetics, Nightboat Books, 2013. WebpageReview


              • Sarah Wong. Inside Out: Portraits of Cross-gender Children. W Books, 2012. Newsarticle.


              YA author Heather Brewer, best known for two successful vampire series The Chronicles of Vladimir Tod and The Slayer Chronicles, announced that he is trans, and his name is Zac Brewer.

              YA author James Dawson, author of Hollow Pike, Say Her Name and This Book Is Gay, has started transition, but for the moment should still be referenced by male pronouns.
              • Ryan Kennedy & Hazel Edwards. F2M: The Boy Within. ReadHowYouWant, 2012. Newsarticle. Popular author Edwards wrote this YA novel with Kennedy who did transition.
              • Jessica Walton with illustrations by Dougal MacPherson. Introducing Teddy. Bloomsbury, 2016. Newsarticle.
              • Lee Geiger. Pearls of Asia. The Writer's Coffee Shop, 2014. ReviewAmazon
              • Roz Kaveney. Tiny Pieces of Skull. Team Angelica, 2015. Now available 27 years late. ReviewAmazon
              • Casey Plett. A Safe Girl to Love. Topside Press, 2014. ReviewAmazon


                Announced for next year:

              • Abigail Austen. Sticks and Stones. 2016.
              • $£¥ € Michel J Boucher. Transgender Representation and the Politics of the Real in the United States. Routledge, February 2016.
              • Michael Brownstein. Medical Maverick: 35 Years of Transgender Surgery. Transgress Press. 2016
              • $£¥ € Simone Chess. Male to Female Crossdressing in Early Modern English Literature. Routledge, February 2016.
              • Diane Ehrensaft. The Gender Creative Child: Pathways for Nurturing and Supporting Children Who Live Outside Gender Boxes. The Experiment, 2016.
              • Donna Gee. Why Is My Dad Not Answering Her Phone? CreateSpace, 2015. Preview
              • $£¥ € Aoife Assumpta Hart. Ancestral Recall: The Celtic Revival and Japanese Modernism. McGill-Queen's University Press, 2016.
              • Lee Harrington. Traversing Gender: Understanding Transgender Realities. Mystic Productions, May 2016.
              • Makie Hoolboom & Chase Joynt. You Only Live Twice: Sex, Death, and Transition. Coach House Books, April 2016.
              • Ally Windsor Howell. This is Who We Are: A Guide to Transgenderism and the Laws Affecting Transgender Persons. Ankerwycke, March 2016.
              • Ally Windsor Howell. Transgender Persons and the Law 2nd Edition. American Bar Association, May 2016.
              • Transcender Lee. Woman Incognito: Transsexual Without Transition. Transcender Lee, January 2016.
              • CN Lester. Trans Like Me: A Journey for All of Us. Virago, 2016.
              • Yolanda Martínez-San Miguel & Sarah Tobias (eds) Trans Studies: The Challenge to Hetero/Homo Normativities. Rutgers University Press, 2016.
              • Andrea Pelleschi. Transgender Rights and Issues. Essential Library, January 2016.
              • A Revathi & Nandini Murali. Revathi: A Life in Trans Activism. Zubaan Books, July 2016.
              • Liz Roberts & Alison Mau. First Lady: From Boyhood to Womanhood: The Incredible Story of New Zealand’s Sex-Change Pioneer Liz Roberts. Upstart Press, May 2016.
              • Bruce D Smith. Yours in Liberation: The Queer Life of Trans Pioneer Lou Sullivan. Transgress Press.
              • $£¥ € Jemma Tosh. Psychology and Gender Dysphoria: Feminist and Transgender Perspectives. Routledge, March 2016.
              • Veronica Vera. Miss Vera's Cross Gender Fun for All. Greenery Press, April 2016.
              • Clayton J Whisnant. Queer Identities and Politics in Germany: A History, 1880-1945. Harrington Park Press, 2016.
              • Hillary Whittington. Raising Ryland: Our Story of Parenting a Transgender Child with No Strings Attached. William Morrow Paperbacks, February 2016.

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              I didn't intend to have a section on Identical Twins (Part 6), one trans, one cis, but noticed that there were several in the news this year. Of course Mark and Clair Farley in the documentary Red Without Blue, 2007, are identical twins, as are Lavern Cox and M Lamar. There is dispute about Candis Cayne and her twin Dylan McDaniel: Wikipedia and the Daily Mail state that they are fraternal twins, but other sources claim that they are identical. I remember heated discussion some years back claiming that cis-trans identical twins could not happen, but now it is well documented, and consequently any simplistic claims based on DNA alone (certainly if without epigenetics) are no longer on.

              PFOX (parents and friends of ex-gays) has been running a claim that “Identical Twins Prove No One Born Gay”. To this end they put up a billboard in Virginia showing what was claimed to be two identical twins, one gay, one not. However it was found out that both photographs were of the same South African model, Kyle Roux, who is gay and not a twin, and understandably objected to his image being used in this way. However even if they had featured a real gay-straight twin couple
              a) their argument is as lacking in logic as those who argue that DNA does oblige homosexuality or transgender
              b) if it were a choice, it is a perfectly legitimate choice
              c) PFOX is associated with churches, and there is something very wrong with religion if it is something inherited and not chosen.

              Best of luck to the trans-cast film Happy Birthday Marsha. It does seem like sour grapes to point out that Marsha's birthday was 24 August, not late June.

              There have been a lot of trans actors getting parts recently and there is a feel that change is about to happen, and that cis-cast trans roles as in Stonewall (2015), The Danish Girl, About Ray, Transparent, will soon be artifacts of the past. Here is a list of recent trans actors, with apologies to others that I have missed in quickly putting this together:

              Mimi Juareza, Rebecca Root, Lavern Cox, Pooya Mohseni, Solange Dymenzstein, Mya Taylor, Eve Lindley, Bethany Black, Jamie Clayton, Kitana Kiki, Yasmin Lee, Rüzgar Erkoçlar, Aleksa Lundberg, Lee Si-yeon, Marlo Bernier, Riley Millington, Annie Wallace, Erika Ervin. 

              And here is a partial list of trans actors in earlier decades

              Pascale Ourbih, Holly Woodlawn, Alessandra di Sanzo, Maria Clara Spinelli, Sandra Day, Michelle De Ville, Jacqie Sarduy, Candis Cayne, Giorgia O'Brien, Kin August, Bobbi Cameron, Jin Xing, Antonia San Juan, Elizabeth Coffey, Bülent Ersoy, Bobby Darling, Romy Haag, Bibi Andersen, Minette, Eva Robin's, Lazlo Pearlman, Candy Darling. 

              Click here for trans actors in the movies whom I have already featured in my encyclopedia:

              A few comments on Stonewall (2015):

              a) Stonewall (1995) included two actual transsexuals: Candis Cayne and Allyson Allanta, as well as drag performer Sherry Vine. In this respect the new film went backwards.
              b) even the major gay male roles were played by straight actors.
              c) the plot was so similar to the 1995 film as to give the impression that there is only one story to be told about Stonewall. It is sad that the producers thought that.

              A few comments on The Danish Girl.

              a) A cis actor in the main trans part and Rebecca Root in a small role as 'the nurse' where the character does not even get a name. If we go back to 1987 we find La ley del deseo/Law of Desire by Pedro Almodóvar with cis actress Carmen Maura playing the lead trans role, Tina Quintera, and trans actress Bibí Andersen (now known as Bibíana Manuela Fernández Chica) played a smaller cis role, Ada. So have we moved forward at all?
              b) It has been suggested that Rebecca Root was unsuitable for the part in that the character is male for the first part of the film. I couldn't find a clear statement on this. Of course any trans actor playing a trans character in transition would be expected to play the before and after. Laverne Cox is fortunate in having a twin brother to play the before scenes. We of course expect a trans actor to be an actor first and foremost and to be able to play both genders just as much as cis actors do.
              c) It has been said that no trans actor has the reputation to attract the necessary investment. Somehow when a film is about a child, they cast a relatively unknown actor as the child and do not run into that particular problem.

              Fame is often fleeting

              Mikki Nicholson, 36, Carlisle, UK national Scrabble champion 2010, subsequently suffered frequent abuse, and has committed suicide.

              Diana Sacayán (1975 – 2015) Argentinian activist, was given the first revised ID card by President Cristina de Kirchner in 2012, but has now been murdered.

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              I think that this is a first attempt at compiling such a list. Four Us raids: Cooper's Doughnuts, Dewey's Lunch Counter, Compton's Cafeteria and Stonewall are frequently mentioned, but there were a lot more, even in the US. There are probably many more that I have missed.

              February Mother Clap's Molly House, Field Lane, Holborn, London
              Most found-ins were eventually set free because of lack of evidence, but some were fined, imprisoned and exhibited in the pillory. Three were hanged at Tyburn. Rictor Norton
              8 July White Swan, Drury Lane
              A Molly House where 'faux marriages' were arranged, young boys and female clothing was provided. After a raid and trial, 2 were executed, 6 were pilloried and imprisoned. Blogarticle
              26 July Druids' Hall, London
              After 18 month's police observation, the balls were raided. Some were charged with disguising themselves as women with the purpose of exciting others to commit an unnatural offence. They pleaded naivety and were released. GVWW
              September Temperance Ball, Hulme, Manchester
              The Hall was rented supposedly for the Manchester Pawnbrokers' Association. About half of the dancers were cross-dressed. The police followed a tip-off and raided, but the magistrate released all. GVWW
              July 19 Cleveland St, Fitzrovia, London
              A male brothel that offered cross-dressing as well as other services. Members of the establishment including the Heir Presumptive were customers. EN.Wikipedia
              Fitzroy Square, London

              Alfred Taylor, who would be a co-defendent with Oscar Wilde the next year, and Arthur Marling, a female impersonator, were arrested for wearing female clothing at a party given by John Preston. GVWW
              17-18 November 4a calle de la Paz, Mexico City 
              The local policeman noticed many carriages depositing passengers, and investigated. He discovered 41 male-bodied persons dancing, 19 dressed as female. He called reinforcements and they were all arrested. It was rumoured that the President's son-in-law was allowed to escape. 19 of the arrested were inducted into the army and sent to do forced labour in the Yucatan where a Mayan insurgency (the Caste War) was being suppressed with the assistance of the UK government. GVWW
              Reginald de Veulle and Joseph Dean were at a drag party when locals, having realised the nature of the party, starting throwing stones.
              31 March 1128 West Twenty-Eighth Street, Los Angeles
              After a trip to Bakersfield, Arthur Harper, an ex-mayor of Los Angeles, and his wife returned home unexpectedly, on the last day of March 1920, to find a raid by the Los Angeles police ‘purity squad’ against a party given by their son Joseph, 24. Joseph and seven others were in female garb. The police claimed that a ‘degenerate orgy’ was in progress, and charged all twenty found with Social Vagrancy. The female garb was confiscated as ‘evidence’, and those wearing it had to send for masculine clothing before they could leave. Eight were denied bail after failing to pass medical quarantine examinations. GVWW
              4 February Black Parrot Tea Shoppe Hobo-Hemia, Greenwich Village, New York

              Detectives Joseph Massie and Dewey Hughes of the Special Service Squad were assigned to the Black Parrot Tea Shoppe Hobo-Hemia, 46 Charles Street, to witness what they had been informed would be a “circus", and arrested five women and eight men. However on closer inspection, Ruby Bernhammer 21 from West Hoboken, New Jersey, did not meet their definition of a woman. Bernhammer was charged with disorderly conduct for giving an indecent dance, and they gave her name as 'Harry'. Another arrested was Arthur C. Budd also 21 who worked as a female impersonator in “The Lady in Ermine” at The Century Theater under the name Rosebud. GVWW
              27 Holland Park, London
              Austin S., barman organized a ball for domestic servants and hotel staff. Many of the men were cross-dressed. The event was raided by the police; 33 men and 1 woman were arrested. The subsequent trial became the most widely reported English 'pansy case’ of the 1930s. GVWW

              The Big House, Hollywood Boulevard, Los Angeles
              From 1932 onwards, and especially after the end of Alcohol Prohibition in 1933, the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) started busting the pansy clubs. The raid on The Big House in the fall of 1932 is notable in that it met resistance: the patrons fought back and a female impersonator attempted to escape through a window. However he, the owner and two patrons were arrested. GVWW
              6 May Institut für Sexualwissenschaft, Hatzfeldschen Palais in Berlin-Tiergarten
              The building had been bought by Magnus Hirschfeld in 1919 for the Institut, and had been recognised by the German government as a registered charity. When the National-Socialist Party became the government in 1933, the destruction of the Institute was a priority. GVWW

              21 May The Buddy's Rendezvous, Hollywood Boulevard, Los Angeles
              The Big House, renamed Buddy's Rendezvous, reopened, and the police returned eight months later. The waiter was arrested for selling liquor and beer without a proper licence, and five transvestites were arrested on vagrancy charges. Each received the maximum six-month jail sentence for masquerading, and the bar finally closed. GVWW

              23 May Tait's, San Francisco.
              Rae Bourbon was performing, and the performance was being broadcast live on the radio, when the club was raided by the police. GVWWBlogarticle
              20 December The Cabin Inn, 3119 Cottage Grove Avenue, Bronzville, Chicago
              The Cabin Inn was first raided in October when it hosted a wedding between a trans woman and a man. The impersonators were given a choice: "put on your pants or go to jail with the management". The Inn paid bribes, and quickly re-opened. The police returned and cited the Cabin Inn for violating its entertainment license. Twelve had been arrested: the two owners, two bartenders, the floodlight operator and seven female impersonators, three working at the Cabin Inn and four guests. In South State Street Court Judge Eugene McGarry dismissed all the charges: "The testimony does not show any specific violations of ordinance ... It appears that these men were dressed in female clothes. The testimony shows that it was a masquerade party. Female impersonators appear on stage every day. In the absence of any such testimony I have no choice but to find the defendants not guilty and that will be the order."GVWW
              Le Binocle, Paris 
              Closed by the police in the austerity period that preceded the coming war. GVWW
              January Wiltshire, Los Angeles
              Three young African Americans were arrested for dressing as female. They claimed to be domestic servants. Lavender Los Angeles, p48.

              The steamer Robert E. Lee, on the Potomac River
              An African-American river outing with some cross-dressed. The police arrested some. GVWW
              November LaVie Cafe, Altadena, Los Angeles.

              The LAPD raided and arrested five 'men' for wearing women's clothes. Lavender Los Angeles, p48.

              Tommy's Place, 529 Broadway, San Francisco
              The bar was closed by the vice Squad. Two of the bartenders were charged with serving minors, and then some heroin, probably planted, was found in the ladies' toilets. Tommy lost her license and one of the bartenders was convicted. GVWW
              October National Variety Artists Ball, Manhattan Center, New York
              143 were arrested, including Perry Desmond. GVWW
              May. Cooper's Doughnuts, Main St, Los Angeles
              Police harrasment led to a riot. Queerty
              Stella Minge's Molly House, Silverton, Newham, London
              London's last Molly House was raided now and then. GVWW

              26 October National Variety Artists Ball, Manhattan Center, New York
              Usually left alone, this year the NYPD raided the ball and arrested 30 or 43 "men" in female costume. This was the night before the trans gathering at Chevalier D’Eon Resort in upstate New York dominated by Virginia Prince. Those arrested appeared before Judge William Ringel who ruled that they could not be "''masquerading to conceal identity" if they were at a masquerade ball. GVWW
              February The Black Cat Bar, 710 Montgomery St, San Francisco
              José Sarria performed at the Black Cat doing camp versions of operatic arias. The police regularly raided gay bars and charged everyone, particularly trans women (as cross-dressing was a municipal crime), found inside. José urged that they plead not guilty which overloaded the courts and judges started demanding actual evidence. After years of harassment, but winning some court cases against the harassment, but with a legal cost of $38,000, the bar was forced to close. EN.Wikipedia
              25 April Dewey's Lunch Counter, 219 S 17th St, Philadelphia
              Deweys was a Philadelphia chain restaurant. The Dewey's at 208 s 13th St was the 'fag' branch where drags queens, hustlers, lesbian and cops ate and drank side by side. The other branches, especially the 17th St branch wanted it that only the 13th St branch be so. They started refusing service to known homosexuals and "persons wearing non-conformist clothing". 150 protesters staged a sit-in and the police were called. 3 protesters were arrested. At a second sit-in a week later the police declined to take any action, and the management agreed to end discrimination. BlogArticle
              August Compton's Cafeteria, 101 Taylor St at Turk, San Francisco.
              This branch of Compton's was one of few places in the city were trans persons could go. However the staff had started calling the police to arrest trans persons. By August a picket was launched. One night friction exploded into riot, dishes were smashed and the windows were smashed. The next night was a repeat. EN.Wikipedia
              Midnight, 1 January The Black Cat Tavern, 3909 West Sunset Boulevard.

              On the last night of 1966 there was a drag contest at New Faces, a bar on W. Sunset Boulevard, Los Angeles. Just before midnight many of the contestants crowded into the Black Cat, just down the street. At the stroke of midnight, as many of the men exchanged a traditional kiss, the LAPD rushed in and beat several customers brutally. They chased two back to the New Faces where they knocked down the woman owner and beat the two bartenders unconscious, one of whom then suffered a ruptured spleen and after recovery was charged with felony assault on a police officer. Six patrons were charged with lewd conduct for kissing, and were all found guilty by a jury. Two of them were later registered as sex offenders. In response, there were organized protests, and the convictions of the two were appealed as far as the US Supreme Court which declined to take the case. This inspired a new periodical, The Advocate, for gay and lesbian (including transvestite) issues. GVWWEN.Wikipedia
              2 am 28 June The Stonewall Inn, 51-53 Christopher St, Greenwich Village, Manhattan, New York
              In pursuance of a case of stolen bonds and blackmail, the NYPD decided to raid the Stonewall Inn whose management was implicated. However they chose to raid late at night when the Inn was busy with customers, and ended up paying more attention to how people were dressed than to evidence of blackmail. They took a paddy wagon designated for drag queens, from whom they met the first significant resistance. The police lost control, and a full-scale riot ensued, and continued for three nights. If the upstairs office was searched, it was not mentioned. The riots are now iconic, and taken as the origin of trans liberation. GVWW
              Stonewall Club on Twenty-first Street, Miami Beach, Florida
              After a raid and arrests Angela Douglas of TAO files suit for discrimination. GVWW
              February Goldsmiths College, New Cross, London
              The Gay Lib drag commune, Bethnal Rouge, was invited by Goldsmith College Gay Soc to give a Pre-Disco talk. Group 4 Total Security working for the College attacked them before they even spoke, and when Lewisham police arrived they were told that Bethnal Rouge had come to the disco to cause trouble. One queen needed hospital treatment; another who was head butted lost two front teeth. One was arrested and later that night thrown through a glass door in the police station. The rest escaped. GVWW
              21 April South London Gay Community Centre, 78 Railton Rd, Herne Hill, London
              The building and next-door had been empty for many years when they were squatted in 1974 and became the Gay Community Centre and the Women's Centre. Alternate lifestyles, art and politics flourished. "Gender bending was encouraged to dissolve rigid categories of masculine men and feminine women. For others dressing in drag was a sheer pleasure and an opportunity for ingenious invention". However finally the legal owners asserted their position and bailiffs and police arrived to take the property so that it could be sold to Lambeth Council for £25,000 for redevelopment. BlogArticle
              3am, 15 July. Sex Garage loft party in Old Montreal.
              Sex Garage, hosted by New Yorker Nicolas Jenkins, catered to the "butches, trannies and drag queens" who were reviled elsewhere, and mixed them with all sorts. 16 police cruisers and 40 officers with billy clubs became angry when they found no money behind the bar. Some drag queens climbed out the windows and crawled across rooftops. Many of the rest of the crowd were beaten, and photographs were in the next day's newspapers. Demonstrations started the next evening, and on the 16th they were met with more police brutality, documented by journalists. Demonstrations continued for two months. Led to Lesbians and Gays Against Violence (LGV) which led to La Table de concertation des gaies et lesbiennes du grand Montreal, which lobbied for the Quebec Human Rights Commission’s historic 1993 public hearings on violence against gays and lesbians. NewsarticleWikipedia

              19 July Centre de Christ Libérateur (CCL), 3bis, rue Clairaut, Paris
              Joseph Douce, gay priest, author of La Question transsexuelle, who organised meetings and counselling for trans persons, was the prime mover behind CCL. Two men showed police badges and asked him to go with them. In late October his decomposed body was found in the forest of Rambouillet outside Paris. It is claimed that he was taken by the political police, Renseignements Généraux (RG). RG section leader Jean-Marc Dufourg was questioned about Douce’s death, fired and convicted of misuse of a firearm, but never officially admitted to be Doucé’s murderer. GVWW

              14 November Tuntenhaus Forellenhof, Mainzer Straße 4, Berlin
              After the fall of the wall, 30 houses in Mainzer Straße became squats with different orientations. Number 4 was a Tuntenhaus (queer-house). In November the police came to clear the squats, which resulted in street battles with, at its height 1400 police firing tear gas and water canons against 500 squatters. DE.Wikipedia.
              11 February Mikons bar, Cordoba.

              Vanessa Ledesma of Córdoba, who was active in the Asociación Travestis Unidas de Córdoba (ATUC) was arrested during a scuffle at the Mikons bar on 11 February 2000. Five days later she was dead. Vanessa Ledesma was recognized by Amnesty International as one of six cases to mark its 40th anniversary. GVWW
              18 December Gondolin Hotel, Buenos Aires
              The hotel was taken over by travestis from the town of Salta after the owner died with no kin to inherit. Monica León organized the Asociación Civil Gondolin, in large part to help the travestis there who were heavily into drugs and alcohol, and never used condoms. She coordinated with two hospitals to bring in 40-45 travestis monthly for check-ups to control tuberculosis. She sorted out the legal status of the hotel by getting the travestis to pay its taxes and bills. On 18 December 2004, 60 police surrounded the hotel and robbed the inmates. Monica was shot eight times in the legs. GVWW
              6am 31 March Le Madame, Koźlej 12, Warsaw
              From 2003 Le Madame had been a club and community centre for alternate lifestyles and opinions. In 2005 the city took ownership and with the encouragement of the ruling Kaczynski twins began harassing the club. On 31 March bailiffs and police were sent in, but were met by a sit-in. However it was cleared brutally. Street demonstrations continued for many days. Drag performer Pandora entertained in front of the building. PL.Wikipedia    newsarticle
              April Lambda Istanbul
              Lambda Istanbul, founded 1993, registered 2006. In 2007 the City government complained and a local court banned Lambda Istanbul. The police raided its cultural centre on grounds of "frequent visits by transgender people". The Supreme Court overruled the order on November, and in April the local court gave permission for continued operation. Newsarticle

              9 November Dasarahalli, Bangalore
              Police in Bangalore, India, forced 100 hijras from their homes, after a scandal about some hijras kidnapping and castrating male children. Newsarticle
              12 June Riyadh
              66 Filipino guest workers at a private party for Philippine Independence Day were arrested for 'imitating women' and possession of alcohol. Newsarticle

              June-December Honduras
              Following the US-backed military coup, opposition political activists were killed by death squads as were “up to 18 gay and transgender men have been killed nationwide — as many as the five prior years — in the nearly six months since a political crisis rocked the nation.” Newsarticle
              January Japan
              Three Filipino, who had previously worked in Japanese nightclubs before final surgery, were arrested on return to Japan to live with their husbands because of discrepancies in their papers. BlogArticle

              26 March Mercure Hotel Surabaya
              Conference held by the International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association (ILGA) was cancelled by the police after complaints and then threats by Muslims. ILGA

              1 May Bumi Wijaya Hotel, Depok
              The National Commission for Human Rights held a human rights training session. This was invaded by the Islamic Defenders Front (FPI) complaining that the Commission recognized the transsexual community. Afterwards, Satpol disputed that they had a permit. Newsarticle

              17 May Pembe Hayat (Pink Life), Ankara.

              Five activists were detained and brutally attacked by the police, and then charged with 'resisting police'. In October a judge dismissed the case for lack of evidence and reprimanded the police. Newsarticle

              July Khartoum
              19 young men in Sudan at a private party. A police raid found them in female clothing and makeup. No lawyers would defend them. They were sentenced to 30 lashes and fined. They were flogged in public. Newsarticle
              February Iraq
              Continuous reports of militia targeting youths which focus on attacks, kidnapping, torture and murder of ‘emo’ youth and individuals perceived as gay, lesbian or trans. GayAsylumUK has confirmed that the US-backed Iraqi authorities actively conspire in this, arresting LGBT people and handing them over to the militiamen who kill them. The Netherlands is granting asylum to GLBT Iraqis.
              April Jeddah
              Neighbours complained about loud music at a beach party. Some were 'dressed in women's clothes'. The police arrested 35 and accused them of being gay. Newsarticle

              October Yaoundé
              A private house was raided after a neighbour complained that it was frequented by 'effeminate homosexuals'. Seven trans persons were arrested and charged with being engaged in "prostitution and homosexual acts". They were later released for lack of evidence. Newsarticle

              24 November Bangalore
              After a recent demonstration at Pride against India's recriminalization of homosexuality in 2013, 167 hijras were arrested in a 'crackdown' on assumed beggars, although they were not begging at the time and some were dragged from their homes, and others when they went to the police station to help those already arrested. Nearly 2,000 hijras and supporters, aware of the targeted nature of the sweep marched in protest. Newsarticle
              June Agadir
              Police arrested 20 gay and trans persons, and charged them with “breach of public decency”. Newsarticle

              0 0

              Shaffer did a BS in biology at the California Institute of Technology. She was a college room-mate of Kay Brown. In 1979 Joy had transgender surgery.

              In 1980 Mary Elizabeth Clark, Jude Patton, Joy Shaffer, Carol Katz, Dianne Saunders and Kay Brown founded the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)of Southern California Transsexual Rights committee, building on what Vern Bullough had done with the ACLU in the area on the 1960s.

              Jay and Kay mid 1980s

              In 1981 Joy started medical school, and had an MD from Stanford University in 1985. In 1995 Dr Shaffer founded Seahorse Medical Clinic in San Jose, California. She worked with Anne Lawrence, and introduced Lawrence to Kay Brown.

              That same year she was quoted in an article in the New York Times on the brain research of Dutch researcher Dick Swaab which had made claims of a brain difference in MTF transsexuals. She said that Swaab's results corresponded to what she and her colleagues were finding using magnetic resonance imaging technology to scan brains.

              Joy wrote the foreword for Transgender Care, 1997. Dr Shaffer was a member of HBIGDA/WPATH, the American College of Physicians, the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, the American Academy of Anti-Aging Medicine and the Gay and Lesbian Medical Association.

              The clinic in San Jose continued until 2005, and was a major resource for transsexuals in that area.

              Some accounts say that Joy was the 1st known trans person in medical school in 1981. There is equivocation around the word 'known' but James Barry graduated MD from Edinburgh in 1812; Mary Walker from Syracuse in 1855; Eugene Perkins in the 1890s; Madeleine Pelletier in 1903; Alan Hart from Oregon in 1917; Ewan Forbes from Aberdeen in 1944; Gloria Hemingway from Miami in 1964; Camille Cabral from Recife in the 1970s; Anne Lawrence from Minnesota in 1974; Robertina Manganaro in the early 1980s. However despite this list, Joy was still a pioneer.

              Kay Brown in 1999 wrote: “Shaffer, in an as yet unpublished study, used MRI data from a large pool of controls, MTF and FTM transsexuals to demonstrate that the corpus callosum showed sexually dimorphic structures that, on a statistical basis, correlated with gender identity”. I presume that it was never published, in that I cannot find it in Google Scholar or WorldCat.

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              David Burgess was born in Castleford, West Yorkshire. His mother was a secondary-school headmistress, but he never knew his father. He went to boarding school in Skipton, and then to Cambridge University where he met Robert Winstanley and gained an upper second in law in 1969. He was already openly bisexual.

              In 1975 Winstanley Burgess Solicitors opened in offices above a pizza restaurant opposite Islington Town Hall. Burgess had already been doing voluntary work for the Joint Council for the Welfare of Immigrants, and rapidly began to build his reputation in immigration law, working especially with Tamil and Kurd refugees, and the firm moved to larger offices.

              Stephen Whittle describes a visit:

              “I had expected a London lawyer to work in a fancy building, with polished furniture, and rich carpets. Instead I entered a dark, dingy, decaying building on the East London Road, where dirty magnolia woodchip papered stud wall partitions, with holes where they had been torn and kicked in frustration by the firm’s clients, and which looked as if they would collapse at any moment. Inside that den of iniquity, there seemed to be hundreds of grey people hanging out, hoping for a bob or two, or a cup of tea whilst they waited for the British Government to decide on their lives. Rarely did money change hands. Sonia, supported by her legal partner Robert Winstanley and backed by an army of pro-bono law students, mostly gave away her services.”
              By this time Burgess was experimenting in going out as Sonia. For a while he had a relationship with a Chinese man, whom he took home to Castleford.

              In 1979 Burgess acted on behalf of Mark Rees so that he could change his legal gender. This was taken as far as the European Court of Human Right (ECHR) in 1986, but his petition was finally denied.

              In 1985 David married a Tibetan refugee who worked as a nurse. They had two children, and adopted the wife's 7-year-old niece. The wife knew of and accepted that David was also Sonia.

              In 1987 a group of 52 Sri Lankan Tamil asylum seekers were refused entry on arrival at the UK border. Burgess intervened to stop their deportation, using the only in-country legal remedy then available, a judicial review of the decision to reject the asylum claim. Burgess won the case in the court of appeal, but lost in the House of Lords, and the men were returned to Sri Lanka. The next year Burgess and a colleague travelled to Sri Lanka, traced the 52 men and documented the ill-treatment they had suffered since their return. This permitted an out-of-country appeal and the men were subsequently accepted as refugees and allowed into the UK. Burgess did lose this case when it reached the ECHR in 1991, but the case highlighted the inadequacy of judicial review being the only in-country challenge to a refusal of entry, and the law was later changed.

              Burgess represented the Sri Lankan Viraj Mendis who sought sanctuary in the Church of the Ascension in Hulme, Manchester, before being deported in 1989.

              In 1991 a Tibetan official who was visiting London as part of a Chinese delegation decided to defect and Burgess provided accommodation for several weeks until asylum was granted.

              The same year, Burgess was brought in at the last moment in the case of M, a teacher from Zaire, who was actually on a plane at Heathrow and about to be deported. Burgess filed a new asylum application and understood that he had received an undertaking from the government solicitor that deportation would be stayed. Officials phoned Heathrow, but were put through to the wrong terminal, and M was flown to Zaire. On discovering this, Burgess phoned the judge at home at midnight, who ordered that arrangements be made to fly M back to the UK. However the Conservative Home Secretary Kenneth Baker interfered to cancel the arrangements. At this point M disappeared, probably fleeing to another African country. Burgess began contempt of court proceedings against the Home Secretary and pursued the case to the House of Lords, which ruled against the government. Baker was spared a fine, but was ordered to pay costs.
              “It would be a black day for the rule of law and the liberty of the subject if ministers were not accountable to the courts for their personal actions”.
              This has been described as the most significant constitutional case for 200 years in that no previous serving minister had been so chastised. In the House of Commons, Jeremy Corbyn, Labour MP for Islington North, and future leader of the Labour Party, criticized the Home Secretary for putting M's life at risk.

              After the transsexual action group, Press For Change, was founded in 1992, Burgess acted as their solicitor.

              However Burgess was first and foremost a human rights lawyer, and if she had transitioned at that time would have lost credibility and career.

              In 1992 Burgess acted on behalf of Stephen Whittle's eldest child, referred to as 'Z' and argued that Stephen should be on her birth certificate as 'parent'. This took four years to get to the ECHR, and although they technically lost, the ECHR did recognise Stephen, his wife and children as a family.

              In 1996 Burgess' partner, Robert Winstanley, who had specialised in criminal defence work, was made a judge. They parted on good terms, but Winstanley had been the more business oriented, and his departure coincided with government changes to legal aid that required more documentation that Burgess found irksome.

              In that year Burgess acted for Karamjit Singh Chahal, an alleged Sikh militant facing deportation to India, where he claimed he would be at risk of torture. Burgess travelled to India and collected four volumes of cogent evidence, while the Attorney General had only a thin file of press cuttings. The ECHR ruled against deportation, that the risk of torture is absolute, even for those who may pose a security risk to the UK. This precedent prevented the deportation of accused terrorists rounded up after 9/11.

              While David and wife had kept the existence of Sonia from the children, one night in a restaurant with another trans woman, Sonia realised that she had been recognised by another parent from her son's school. She forced herself to tell the son, and got the reaction:
              “I thought you were really the most boring person I had ever known, thank god there is something interesting at last”.
              After that the family was open and both as Sonia and David she was accepted. Sonia semi-transitioned in the early 2000s. By that time she was able to work part time, and was recognised by the courts as an expert in immigration law. Her appearance had become androgynous, and many lawyers and judges knew of her as Sonia.

              However the firm was in financial problems and her back was giving her a bad time. The firm folded in 2003. Burgess was burned out from years of representing clients traumatised by rape and torture, and by the political and media abuse heaped on asylum seekers. He spent time in Tibet learning the language. After returning to the UK Mr and Mrs Burgess agreed to separate, and in 2008 they were divorced. A flat was found in Cambridge Circus, on the edge of Soho, where Sonia could be herself, and was considering facial surgery and breast implants.

              Burgess did not stay away from refugee work, and began working for the Medical Foundation for the Care of Victims of Torture, and also for a law firm in north London, where her Sonia identity was an open secret.

              Sonia met 34-year-old Nina (Senthooran) Kanagasingham, probably in a nightclub.. Nina was a trans asylum seeker from Sri Lanka who had been in the UK since 2000. On 25 October 2010 they were at Kings Cross tube station, after visiting Nina's doctor, when Tina, probably in despair at the inhumane immigration system, lashed out and Sonia was under the train.

              Sonia's funeral was held at St Martin-in-the Fields, Trafalgar Square on 17 November, attended by around 600 persons, a mixture of lawyers, former asylum seekers and trans persons. The three children delivered a eulogy about the father they had known, slipping easily between female and male pronouns.

              Kanagasingham was charged with murder, and remanded in Wandsworth men's prison.

              Kanagasingham pleaded guilty to manslaughter on grounds of diminished responsibility because of schizophrenia, and chose to be referred to as a man and by his male name during the trial. He was sentenced to life, and to serve a minimum of seven years.

              He was sent to Belmarsh men's prison – one of the first trans prisoners to be housed in defiance of the New prison Guidelines of 2011, which said that those living as female should be sent to a woman's prison. In February 2015, he was found dead in his cell with a plastic bag around his head, and hands tied to the bed. At the inquest, nearby prisoners reported hearing cries for help.

               * David Burgess is apparently a common name for lawyers. Google brings up such in various English-speaking cities. There is a book, Fighting for Social Justice: The Life Story of David Burgess, but it is about the US labour activist.

              Sheila Jeffreys, in her 2014 book, Gender Hurts: A Feminist Analysis of the Politics of Transgenderism, p160-1, uses this case of all cases to raise alarm that Kanagasingham might be placed in a woman's prison.

              The Evening Standard has two articles from February 2015 re the then ongoing inquest into Senthooran Kanagasingham's death, but I could not find any articles in the Standard or elsewhere re the conclusion of the inquest.

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              Briffa's parents were emigrants from Malta. When he was born, in Altona, Victoria, outside Melbourne, doctors were unsure of his sex, although the twin sister was definitely a girl. They recommended, as was the practice then, that, as he lacked the male signifier, he be raised as a girl, Antoinette.

              Antoinette went to a Catholic all-girls school. She was subjected to a gonadectomy at age 7 – the parents were told that the organs were cancerous. She was on female hormones from age 11. The frequent visits to hospital made her feel like a freak. From age 12 Antoinette was telling the doctors that she was not a girl, and did not want breasts.

              By age 18 she had seen her medical records. She did an engineering degree, one of only two women in the year:

              "Well, there was one woman, 49 men and then there was me".
              She married an understanding man, but they quickly divorced, although on good terms. Briffa worked as an aviation maintenance engineer, and at 26 she was having relationships with women, identifying as a lesbian:
              "That wasn't comfortable either, because to be a lesbian, you actually need to be a woman".
              At 29 Briffa found a website for intersex women. From this and what she gained from doctors she realized that she had Partial Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome (PAIS), not complete Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome, and her body would have masculinised to some extent if medical intervention had not been imposed.
              "Doctors made me 5 feet 2 inches (1.58m) on purpose. My estimated height (if I'd been left alone) was between 5 feet 8 and 5 feet 10, and that was considered far too tall for a girl. So now, I'm a very short man. It's something I always feel inadequate about".
              Briffa had to come out as intersex and appear on Nine Network's 60 Minutes before being able to get a prescription for testosterone, which was needed to compensate for what would have naturally happened.  Briffa was given an advance copy of the program to show to the family before the broadcast.

              Doctors tried to impose a psychiatric assessment as they would for a transsexual.
              “They tried to get me to go through the trans process which I completely refused. For a start, I’m not trans and they didn’t have my approval for what they did to me previously and so I wasn’t going to jump through hoops for them to give me what my body naturally had.”
              At 30 Briffa decided to live as a man, had the Victorian register of births, deaths and marriages recognize him as male, and changed his name to Anthony. However his birth certificate does not specify a sex.
              "It was an interesting experiment but I realised I'm not male - I'm part male and I certainly can't have a relationship as a man. I wasn't socialised as a male, I didn't grow up male and I don't relate to a partner that way, so as Anthony I didn't have any relationships."
              “I never had an issue with being raised as a girl, it was all the secrecy, the lies and all the surgeries that were done without my consent that I have an issue with. Atypical genitalia isn’t going to kill a kid, but doing surgery on kids just to make them look male or female and furthermore to make them heterosexual males or females is just unethical and it’s a breach of their human rights.”
              Briffa became the public face of intersex in Australia, and also the full-time foster parent to two siblings, a girl and a boy. He ran in Altona for the Greens in the 2002 Victoria State Election and came third with 9%. He did local activism, to save a local park, and then became co-convener of a residents' association.

              From 2002-12 Briffa worked in auditing airworthyness, first for the Department of Defence, and then for the Federal Police. Following the local activism, in 2008 Briffa ran for and was elected to the council in Hobsons Bay (which includes Altona). A year later he was deputy mayor, and in 2011, mayor. He is also a Justice of the Peace. In the 2012 Pride March in Victoria, Briffa marched in Mayoral robes. Briffa served for six years in all.

              Briffa also served as President of the Genetic Support Network of Victoria, Vice-president of Organization Intersex International Australia and as President of the Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome Support Group Australia.

              While Mayor, Tony had met a woman, Manja, a teacher, and they wished to marry. Because of how Briffa is registered in Victoria, they could have married pretending to be a heterosexual couple, but Manja is a lesbian, and Tony wished to be open as not being male or female. This was not possible in Australia, but is allowed in New Zealand since 2013, where they did marry that year. Tony is annoyed with Australian Marriage Equality in that what they are campaigning for excludes some intersex people.

              Briffa has returned to working in aviation engineering.
              EN.Wikipedia    LinkedIn

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              Riva-Agüero, descended from the first Peruvian President José de la Riva Agüero y Sánchez-Boquete, was educated at the National University of San Marcos and the University of Lima. He became a professor of history at San Marcos.

              He joined the army for the wars against Bolivia 1909 and Ecuador 1910, but was never on active duty. In 1915, he was a co-founder of the moderate Democratic National Party. After the July 1919 coup Riva-Agüero went to Europe for 11 years where he read authors on the radical Catholic right such as Charles Maurras.

              He returned to Peru in 1930. He was mayor of Lima, 1931-2, and then appointed Chairman of the Council of Ministers and Minister of Education and Worship in 1933 by president Óscar R. Benavides. Riva-Agüero resigned six months later over the mutual consent divorce law which he regarded as un-Catholic. He was Dean of the Lima Bar Association, 1936 (despite having never practiced law), and Director of the Peruvian Academy of Language, 1934-44.

              Riva-Agüero chaired the Catholic Acción Patriótica, which supported the presidential candidacy of Manuel Villarán. He later renamed it the Peruvian Fascist Brotherhood. Initially he declared his support for fascism in Italy and Spain, but he lost support as he also became anti-semitic and supported the Nazis.

              He insisted that he be addressed with the family title of Marquis of Aulestia and was generally seen as arrogant. He also started appearing at public functions dressed as female.

              He was ignored after Peru joined the allies in 1942, especially as he continued to write in defence of the Axis powers.

              He died of a stroke at age 59. He had never married and bequeathed his estate to the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.

              EN.Wikipedia    WorldCat    ES.Wikipedia

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              Modesto Mangas Mateos was born the youngest of three in Villavieja de Yeltes, Salamanca, Castile y León. When he was 12 the family moved to Madrid, where he worked in a café. The customers were unsure whether he was a boy or a girl.

              Sonrisas de España, a travelling company that took song and dance to Spanish villages, played in the café, heard him singing and invited him to join. He dressed as a man but was often taken as a woman. His mother begged him to stop, and also the Civil War started.

              After the war he worked as valet for seven years to the Minister of the Interior, Blas Pérez González. Pérez was apparently not aware of Modesto's past as a singer-dancer, but his wife and children were, and encouraged Perez to choose Modesto. Pérez took his entourage to Barcelona, and rented a villa there. A conflict at work triggered resignation, and Modesto rejoined show business.

              He started as a presenter at the cabaret Cambrinus. Soon he was performing as a woman, bravely dodging censorship, the only female impersonator in Fascist Spain. He took the name Madame Arthur from the new exciting nightclub in Paris. The show was a great success with aristocrats and bankers who came from across Spain. A show like this was unthinkable in Madrid. Madame Arthur sang, danced and mingled with the audience. He moved on to other Barcelona clubs.

              Federico Fellini, the Italian film director, came in 1959 for the Barcelona Sant Jordi film awards where his film, which had already been recognised at the Cannes Festival and at the Academy Awards, won further. Madame Arthur dedicated a song to Fellini's winner, Nights of Cabiria, and he came backstage to visit.
              Madam Arthur organised Incognito, a company of 30 men dressed en femme, and toured.

              However he was stopped one Christmas Eve while walking in costume to another club. He was charged under the Ley de Vagos y Maleantes (Vagrancy Law) with disorderly conduct by being drunk and Modesto was three months in the Burgos prison.

              Nevertheless the Caudillo Francisco Franco himself presented Modesto with the Medalla del Mérito al Trabajo  (Meritorious Work Medal) – Modesto turned up for the ceremony in jewellery and furs.

              In 1962 Modesto had a small part in the Italian film, Totòdi Notte n. 1, as a transvestite.

              Madame Arthur continued performing beyond the death of Franco in 1972, and into the more liberal age that followed. He sometimes stayed in role off stage and worked out details of what would be Madame Arthur's family life.

              While a pioneer, and as openly gay as it possible to be under the Franco dictatorship, he had difficulty adjusting to the new generation that grew up after the Franco years. He found them ostentatious and did not understand the request for gay marriage, hormones and transgender surgery. He described himself to El Pais in 1983 as a Catholic and rather conservative.

              He had also become a Barcelonian. He declined invitations to perform or to open cabarets in Madrid. In 1981, Modesto, as Madame Arthur, returned to Villavieja de Yeltes to a reception in his honour.

              Other than that, he never returned to Salamanca.

              He died at age 77.

              Pierrot, the Spanish writer, featured Madame Arthur in his 2006 book, Memorias Trans: Transexuales, Travestis, Transformistas, which inspired Eduardo Gion to make his 2011 documentary.
              Despite the 1981 reception, Modesto Mangas is not included among the Villaviejenses ilustres on the ES.Wikipedia page for Villavieja de Yeltes.

              El Pais does not tell us which Interior Minister Modesto was valet to. Armaris Oberts opts for Camilo Alonso Vega who was Interior Minister 1957-69 and notoriously supervised the concentration camps. However I opt for his predecesor Blas Pérez González who was Interior Minister 1942 – 57. The El Pais article does say “nos situamos en los años cuarenta (we are in the 1940s)” re being a valet, and Modesto has to complete seven years and still be in Barcelona to meet Federico Fellini in 1959. Pérez was later charged with crimes against humanity.

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              Dirk Luykx was born in New Jersey, the youngest of four boys, and wanted to be a girl since childhood. He went to Cornell University to do Civil Engineering. In 1955 he interrupted his studies to serve in the US Army. He was in Japan and Korea for three years, and then five years in the Army Reserves. He returned to Cornell and completed his engineering degree in 1961.

              Dirk moved to California and worked in engineering design, city planning, and public works. He was also the art director of The Los Angeles Youth Theater. During this time Dirk as Vicky discovered and participated in Virginia Prince's Hose and Heel Club.

              Preferring art to engineering, Dirk returned to New York, and studied Fine Arts and Graphic Design at Cooper Union. In 1967, while still a student, Dirk was hired by publisher Henry N. Abrams, Inc. where he continued to work until retirement. In addition to the books listed below, Dirk later worked on behalf of the publisher on Morris Louis: The Complete Paintings, The Art of Walt Disney, Windows at Tiffany’s, The History of Modern Art, Impressionism.

              At this time Vicky was living with a woman, but also investigated the homophile  Mattachine Society. Here he met Lee Brewster who had been organizing drag balls as fund raisers, and also Chris Moore, the Jewel Box Revue performer. When Lee grew tired of the Mattachine Society's disinterest in drag issues, and founded the Queens Liberation Front, Vicky was a founding member.

              Lee initiated a newsletter which evolved into Drag magazine with Vicky doing the covers and illustrating stories in the magazine. The first issue credited Dirk for the cover, but from the second issue, Vicky was listed as Art Director. Initially the cover illustrations were Vicky's versions of herself in different situations, but then she started doing other people. “I was hoping for another Vogue – images of transvestites enjoying themselves, trying on clothes. All the expression was positive.”

              Drag Magazine also evolved into Lee's Mardi Gras store. Vicky was often to be found there, but always as Dirk. After a while, Lee became bored with editing the magazine and Bebe Scarpinato took over.

              At Mardi Gras 1978 in New Orleans, Vicky was with a Lee's Mardi Gras contingent when she met cis photographer Mariette Pathy Allen who was impressed by her posture: “who focused straight back at me. As I peered through the camera lens, I had the feeling that I was looking at neither a man nor a woman but at the essence of a human being”. As it turned out they lived 20 blocks apart in New York. Together they went to parties at Lew Brewster's Mardi Gras Boutique, to various clubs that put on drag shows, and to Fantasia Fair in Provincetown.

              In the early 1980s, Vicky was an extra in a film, maybe New York Nights, 1984, in a scene in a drag bar with International Chrysis.

              Vicky was featured in Mariette's 1989 book, which was brave of her in that Dirk was still working at Henry N. Abrams. Like Bebe Scarpinato, Vicky sometimes did a striptease on stage. Vicky's female lover became uptight about the parties, imagining all sorts of sex, and after ten years they separated.

              Later, in the AIDS-ridden 1980s, Vicky lived with gay lovers. “With the AIDS epidemic, guys are doing drag as something else to do.” “I'm not political, but I very much admire those who are, and I believe that transvestites should be proud and should be honored for what they've accomplished.”

              When he retired from Henry N. Abrams, Inc in 2000, Dirk Luykx was the Executive Art Director. Dirk died at age 70 of cardiovascular disease, and was interred at the US Military's Arlington National Cemetary.

              The Winter 2006/7 issue of Transgender Tapestry was largely dedicated to Vicky with several reminiscences and reproductions of her art: “to remain completely faithful to her work, we decided to print this tribute issue of Tapestry in black and white. We didn’t want the rich subtlety of Vicky’s charcoal sketches to be drowned out in a cacophony of color.”
              • Marc Edmund Jones, with charts and diagrams by Dirk Luykx. How to Learn Astrology. Sabian, 1970. Webpage.
              • Drag, 1,1, 1971. editor: Lee G Brewster, Cover: Dirk. Online
              • Drag, 1,2, 1971. editor: Lee G Brewster, Art Director: Vicky West. Online
              • Darlene Geis, Margaret Donovan & Dirk Luykx. Walt Disney's Treasury of Children's Classics. Henry N. Abrams, Inc., Publishers, 1978.
              • Lory Frank, Darlene Geis & Dirk Luykx. Walt Disney's EPCOT Center: Creating the New World of Tomorrow. Harry N Abrams, 1982.
              • Anne Edwards, with design by Dirk Luykx and photographs by Louise Kerz. The Demilles: An American Family. Harry N Abrams, 1988.
              • Mariette Pathy Allen. Transformations: Crossdressers and Those Who Love Them. New York: Dutton, 1989: no pagination – Introduction and penultimate profile.
              • Cena Williams. “Vicky West – An Icon is No More”. Transgender Tapestry, 110, Fall 2006: 25. Online
              • Mariette Pathy Allen. Vicky West: Full Circle” Transgender Tapestry, 111, Winter 2006/7: 25-9. Online.
              • Veronica Vera interviews Bebe Scarpe about the late Vicky West. “Forever Mardi Gras”. Transgender Tapestry, 111, Winter 2006/7: 32-43. ibid
              • Mariette Pathy Allen. “Momentum: A Photo Essay of the Transgender Community in the United States Over 30 Years, 1978–2007”. Sexuality Research & Social Policy, 4,4, December 2007: 92. Online at:

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              The son of a Dutch mother and a Frankfurt am Main doctor, Felix Abraham graduated as a doctor in Frankfurt in 1928. His thesis on the mortality statistics of the first year of life was published.

              Shortly afterwards he started working at Magnus Hirschfeld’s Institut für Sexualwissenschaft, where he took over from Arthur Kronberg the specialization in working with transvestites. He became head of the sexual forensic department, and reported on the first sex-change operations, on Dörchen Richter and Toni Ebel.

              Abraham was on a committee at the Club D'Eon which catered to transvestites. He was also responsible for indictable "sexual offences" as well as infantilism, exhibitionism and flagellantism.

              In 1931 he published a summary of Hirschfeld's work translated into French by Pierre Vachet.

              He was a close friend with the noted pianist Ellen Epstein.

              He was still at the Institute when it was destroyed by the Nazis in 1933. He survived and continued working in Berlin as a doctor, but changed addresses several times, and was unable to continue working with transvestites. After a failed attempt to emigrate to Sweden, he went in 1937 to Florence, Italy where he took his own life. There is a commemorative plaque there in the Jewish Cemetery.

              Ellen Epstein died in a slave-work camp in Latvia in 1942.
              • Abraham, Felix. Untersuchungen über die Veränderungen der Sterblichkeitsstatistik des ersten Lebensjahres in Frankfurt a.M. MD Thesis,1928.
              • Felix Abraham. “Genitalumwandlungen an zwei männlichen Transvestiten”. Zeitschrift für Sexualwissenschaft und Sexualpolitik, 18: 223-226. 1931. English translation as “Genital Reassignment on Two Male Transvestites”. The International Journal of Trangenderism. 2, 1. Jan-Mar 1998. The two patients are Dörchen Richter and Toni Ebel.
              • Félix Abraham translated into French by Pierre Vachet. Perversions sexuelles d'après l'enseignement du docteur Magnus Hirschfeld ... Traduit et adapté par ... Pierre Vachet. [With portraits.]. 1931.
              • Rainer Herrn. Schnittmuster des Geschlechts: Transvestitismus und Transsexualität in der frühen Sexualwissenschaft. Giessen: Psychosozial-Verlag, 2005:
              DE.WikipediaInstitut für SexualwissenschaftMagnus-Hirschfeld-Gesellschaft e.V.


              The 1931 Perversions sexuelles would seem to be the same idea as the 1936 Sexual Anomalies and Perversions by Arthur Koestler and Norman Haire. I wonder if Koestler drew upon the Abraham-Vachet book. Has anyone compared the two works?

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            • 02/16/16--13:02: Capucine (193?–) performer
            • Original March 2007.

              Capucine was a performer at Le Carrousel and was frequently mentioned along with Coccinelle and Bambi.

              Capucine and Coccinelle

              April Ashley comments:
              "Anyway, Capucine's heart was pierced by a conflict: the ancient sugar-daddy and luxury, or the young blades and penury?  Of course the luxury always won in the end because Capucine's keeper was a very famous millionaire, enabling Capsy to compete with and overtake Coxy's mink collection.  But unlike Coxy, Capsy wanted to be 'a lady' as well.  This put him into agonising quandries when he fell for a bricklayer or a road-digger (which was frequently, because Capsy couldn't resist the boue)."
              In 1960, the same year as Bambi and April, Capucine went to Dr Burou clinic in Casablanca for surgical completion.

              In 1961 she starred in the Amsterdam extension of Madame Arthur. In 1963 she was part of the first Le Carousel tour of Japan. She also performed at Le Boeuf sur le Toit in Paris.

              *Not the French film actress.
              • Vittorio Sala (dir).  I don giovanni della Costa Azzurra.  With Curd Jurgens, Coccinelle and  Capucine.  Italy 98 mins 1962.  IMDB
              • “Capucine”. Female Mimics,1,6, August 1965: 27-37. Online.
              • Duncan Fallowell & April Ashley. April Ashley's Odyssey. Jonathan Cape, 1982: 67-8. Arrow 1983. Online.

              Capucine is the French word for the nasturtium flower.

              Unlike Coccinelle, Bambi and April Ashley, Capucine never published her autobiography. We don't even know where she came from. Is she Parisian? Nor, what happened to her after the mid 1960s. The Female Mimics article is mainly photographs with content-less text. There is an obvious comparison to Hans Crystal who was in also a star female impersonator at the 82 Club, had her surgical completion in the mid 1960s, and likewise disappeared from view.

              There is a confusing tradition among drag performers of taking the name of an established cis star. Germaine Lefebvre was an established French film star from the early 1950s using the name Capucine. Other drag performers to take an established name include Lynne Carter who took his name from the 1940s actress;Murry Pickford , was not Mary Pickford); Gloria Swanson (who was a big name in Chicago and New York drag circles in in 1920s, but not the Hollywood actress): Jean Malin who performed drag under the name of Imogene Wilson, one of the most famous of the Zeigfeld Follies showgirls otherwise known as Mary Nolan; Helen Morgan who used the name of the famous torch song singer; Brenda Lee the Brazilian activist who was not the country singer; and Bibíana Fernández, the transgendered actress who used to be known as Bibí Andersen, only two letters away from the name of the Swedish actress Bibi Andersson.

              Both IMDB and EN.Wikipedia claim that the Capucine in I don giovanni della Costa Azzurra (Beach Casanova) is the other Capucine, Germaine Lefebvre (1928 – 1990). This conflation went so far that after Lefebre took her life in 1990 by jumping from her eighth-floor Lausanne apartment, some actually said that she did so because she was transsexual.  !!!

              For some reason, Capucine is not mentioned at all in April Ashley's second autobiography, The First Lady.

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              Toni Fricke was living as female in Berlin in the 1920s, and she strongly desired to change her body. She wrote of the “persistent, nerve-murdering (nervenmordenden) psychological pressure” constantly threatening to undermine the health of transvestite individuals, that led to mental health problems, social rejection, and suicides.

              Toni underwent blood tests with the Swiss researcher Emil Abderhalden at the University of Halle hoping to prove “that I am, so to say, internally a hermaphrodite”.

              She proposed to replace the term 'transvestite' with 'transsensible' for those like herself for whom dressing was not enough.

              From 1924 the women's magazine Die Freundin (Girl-friend) included a transvestite section, and Toni was a frequent contributor.

              p60 in Sex and the Weimar Republic

              • Toni Fricke, “Der Transvestit: Aus dem Empfindungsleben eines 'Transvestiten'!” Der Transvestit. Die Freundin, no. 2, 12 September 1924, 1–2.
              • Torri Fricke, “Einiges über das Problem der Namensänderung für Transvestiten,” Der Transvestit. Die Freundin15, May 1925.
              • Toni Fricke, “Ein Transvestit ist vogelfrei,” Der Transvestit. Die Freundin 3, no. 18, September 19, 1927, 5–6.
              • Rainer Herrn. “Vom Geschlechtsumwandlungswahn zur Geschlechtsumwandlung”. GenderWunderLand, 1995.
              • Laurie Marhoefer. Among Abnormals: The Queer Sexual Politics of Germany’s Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. PhD Thesis, Rutgers University, 2008. :101. PDF
              • Katie Sutton. “Sexological Cases and Prehistory of Transgender Identity Politics in Interwar Germany” In Joy Damousi, Birgit Lang, Katie Sutton (eds). Case Studies and the Dissemination of Knowledge. Rourledge, 2015: 85, 93, 94, 98, 102.
              • Laurie Marhoefer. Sex and the Weimar Republic: German Homosexual Emancipation and the Rise of the Nazis. University of Toronto Press, 2015: 61,63.

              Professor Abderhalden’s work is controversial.   At different times he developed blood tests for pregnancy and dementia praecox.   They were initially replicated by other doctors, but then they were discredited.  His theory was extended by Nazi scientists, including Josef Mengele at Auschwitz concentration camp, hoping to find a blood test to separate Aryans from non-Aryans.  There is a debate as to whether Abderhalden was simply grossly mistaken or perpetuated deliberate fraud.  

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              Chris, originally from California, was four and a half years in the US Army, and then was a merchant seaman. He lived a year in east Asia. He then settled in New York.

              In the mid 1960s, he took up female impersonation, and appeared with Frank Bennet in the Follies Mantisque. This led to work with the Jewel Box Revue, at first doing a comedy strip. However it was discovered that he could impersonate Ethel Merman rather well, and started singing songs from Gypsy. He then added Marlene Dietriche and Bette Davis to his repertoire. He used a special heavy makeup to hide the tattoo on his upper arm. He was also partially blind and required thick glasses.

              He met Lee Brewster and Vicky West in the Mattachine Society, and left with them to found the Queens Liberation Front. In 1971 Chris won the Most Outstanding Performance at the April in Paris Ball, and again at Lee's Mardi Gras Ball.

              Chris was a constant at QLF parties, but after a few years she was diagnosed with cancer. She was able to fight it for over five years. Lee Brewster put on a special ball for Chris so that she could perform and be the star, and Vicky drew her for the cover of Drag magazine.

              • Avery Willard. Female Impersonation. New York: Regiment Publications, 1971: 26-9. Online
              • “Six Foot Chris Moore”. Female Impersonators, 2, Summer 1969: 18-21. Online
              • Cover. Drag, 3,11, 1973. Online
              • “Chris Moore Revue”. In Lee G Brewster's Mardi Gras Ball, 1974: 4-7. Online
              • Veronica Vera interviews Bebe Scarpe about the late Vicky West. “Forever Mardi Gras”. Transgender Tapestry, 111, Winter 2006/7: 32-43. Online
              • “The Kurt Mann Story”. Queer Music Heritage.

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              Jean-Marie Wijnen, Antwerp, was the only boy in a family of several girls. Wijnen always preferred to play with girls, and later quit technical school after being deemed too frail to work in a steel mill, and then was discharged from military service.

              As Peggy, Wijnen worked as a hairdresser and as a barmaid.

              Peggy approached a clinic in Uccle, Brussels and was assigned three doctors: Andre Fardeau, plastic surgeon, Jean Slosse, endocrinologist and Victor Leclarc, urologist, and with the consent of the Wijnen family, they agreed to supply transgender surgery. This was done 13 October 1967. However 11 days later, Peggy died of a blood clot.

              The three doctors were charged with inflicting fatal blows and wounds with premeditation and willingly but without intent to kill. Dr Leclarc died before the trial ended. Drs Fardeau and Slosse were acquitted in that consent, both of Peggy and her family, had been given, and that no medical mistake was noted.

              • “Two Doctors Are Acquitted in Death Case”. Associated Press, Sep 28, 1969. Online
              • Internacional Areco: entre o sítio e as eleições Bélgica Um Julgamento Transexual. Online

              The Internacional Areco article tells us that the going rate for transgender surgery in Belgium in 1967 was 100,000 Belgian francs, which at that time was about £725, which this site says would be the equivalent of £11,870 now.

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